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Stacey Gutkowski

(mainly Hebrew-language) media, Facebook and through WhatsApp, including that the Iron Dome was adjusted by the hand of God. 66 The public interventions of Ofer Winter, a Givati commander, publicizing miraculous events resonated among the National Religious public, bringing miraculous accounts beyond mystical haredi circles. 67 An analysis of Hebrew and English-language media sources revealed that since the First Gulf War, there have been reported accounts of divine intervention on the battlefield. These were largely been confined to Orthodox circles, particularly

in Religion, war and Israel’s secular millennials
Abstract only
Stacey Gutkowski

, significant across all age cohorts. 2 Schuman, Venitsky-Seroussi and Vinokur identified three generations based around memories of pivotal events during adolescence and early adulthood: the Second World War and the Holocaust; the 1967 and 1973 wars and the 1977–79 peace with Egypt; and the First Gulf War (1991) and assassination of Prime Minister Rabin (1995). 3 Mannheim spoke of ages 17–25 as the critical period. But scholars have since spoken more loosely of ‘impressionable years’, when young people first form political opinions. 4 Schuman and Corning tested Mannheim

in Religion, war and Israel’s secular millennials
Spyros Blavoukos

recognized the legitimate and political rights of the Palestinian people while in return the PLO renounced terrorism and recognized Israel’s right to exist in conditions of peace and security (Rynhold 2007 : 423). Problems and policies Like in the Greek case discussed above, international developments, in particular the end of bipolarism but more importantly the 1991 first Gulf War, brought along new preoccupations in the Israeli foreign policy. First, the United States put pressure on Israel to foster closer relations

in Foreign policy as public policy?
Ilan Danjoux

), intrastate conflict (e.g. Darby 1983 ; Smith 1999 ; Lewin and Huff 2007 ) or international war (e.g. Dodds 1996 , 2007 ; Slyomovics 1993 ; Minear 2001 ). These studies range in both scope and focus. Conners ( 1998 ) found that depictions of Saddam Hussein became more sinister in the months preceding the First Gulf War; Yu-Rivera studies compares Filipino cartoons of Japan both before and after their

in Political cartoons and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict
Ian Bellany

the size of the EU to 25 member states, portending a steep rise in the costs of running Euratom without much in the way of additional resources to meet these costs, given the relative weakness of the economies of the new members. The other was the revision of thinking at the IAEA subsequent to the alarms created by the discovery, in the aftermath of the first Gulf War, of Iraq’s secret bomb programme. This led to the emergence of the Additional Protocol and integrated safeguards, to which NPT parties individually and collectively under INFCIRC/193 are expected to

in Curbing the spread of nuclear weapons
Ian Bellany

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, 1985), pp. 75–86. The IAEA and safeguards 103 12 Fischer, Towards 1995, p. 57. 13 International Atomic Energy Agency, ‘The IAEA’s safeguards system’, para. 6. Available at www.iaea.org/Publications/Booklets/Safeguards2/part7.html (last accessed 29 April 2005). 14 Fischer et al., Safeguarding the Atom, p. 80. 15 The assessment of the British government’s Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) of September 1990, on the eve of the first Gulf War, stated Iraq to be three years away from being able to produce fissile material

in Curbing the spread of nuclear weapons
Ian Bellany

larger Osirak reactor, which was bombed by the Israelis while still under construction in 1981. This fuel was all in the form of highly enriched uranium (to about 84 per cent) and amounted to about 40 kg in total. The plan was to enrich it rapidly to weapons-grade using the centrifuges at Rashdiya, but it was overtaken by events. The allied bombing campaign of the first Gulf War and the freezing of relations between Iraq and the outside world put an end to the scheme. If lessons were to be looked for from the perspective of the NPT from the Iraqi example, there are

in Curbing the spread of nuclear weapons