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Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

be used for private domestic houses, where the cash-strapped family has difficult choices to make. Moreover, there is a difficult balance to be met between responding to the priorities of the family within their means, their duty of care to their neighbours, wider family and future generations and the important consideration of not undermining national building codes. Again, the need for good information is paramount, to ensure that families are aware of the consequences of the choices they make and don’t compromise the safety and welfare of neighbours and family

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Mary McAleese

and civic society had not committed, no matter how tentatively, to the process and if they had not stayed with its bumpy course through thick and thin. So courageous leadership was key and still is. Similarly none of this would have been possible had not the people of Northern Ireland, for all their woeful loss and brokenness, committed to peace and reconciliation as their gift to future generations. Through fighting and death and injury and fear they debated and argued and listened and disputed, often with the help of the media, church groups and others, and

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Garret FitzGerald

initiative on global ecological action. Europe has been the undoubted leader in this attempt to save future generations from global warming and, by its absolute refusal to be diverted from this task last weekend, forced the start of a US climb-down on this issue. 7. International Criminal Court: a European project which the US rejected and has attempted, but failed, to sabotage. Note the possible future impact of this on war. This record of historic European initiatives is far too little recognised in Europe, where mistakes and setbacks of the EU are given huge media

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Challenges and opportunities

This book explores the evolving African security paradigm in light of the multitude of diverse threats facing the continent and the international community today and in the decades ahead. It challenges current thinking and traditional security constructs as woefully inadequate to meet the real security concerns and needs of African governments in a globalized world. The continent has becoming increasingly integrated into an international security architecture, whereby Africans are just as vulnerable to threats emanating from outside the continent as they are from home-grown ones. Thus, Africa and what happens there, matters more than ever. Through an in-depth examination and analysis of the continent’s most pressing traditional and non-traditional security challenges—from failing states and identity and resource conflict to terrorism, health, and the environment—it provides a solid intellectual foundation, as well as practical examples of the complexities of the modern African security environment. Not only does it assess current progress at the local, regional, and international level in meeting these challenges, it also explores new strategies and tools for more effectively engaging Africans and the global community through the human security approach.

(Re)calibrating democratic expectations
Darren Halpin

propositions. Firstly, borrowing from O’Neill’s discussion of representing nature and future generations, it is argued that advocacy by interest groups for some constituencies simply cannot be pursued through representation style behaviour; it can only be pursued through a form of what is referred to here as ‘solidarity’. Secondly, in turn, it is argued that the legitimacy of solidarity style advocacy by groups does not require (indeed does not benefit from) internal democratic structures. That is, some interest group advocacy is founded on other – non-democratic – forms of

in Groups, representation and democracy
Some empirical evidence
Darren Halpin

National Trust for Scotland is one such group that pursues representation by choice. Its mission is to ‘protect and promote Scotland’s natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy’. It uses the language of membership, and asks individuals to join by way of a modest annual fee. ‘Members’ are free to stand for election at an Annual General Meeting, although the positions are not hotly contested. In relation to policy advocacy, its ‘beneficiary’ group is ambiguous. In its recent ‘Governance Review’ of 2003, it stated

in Groups, representation and democracy
Darren Halpin

is also worth making explicit that when focusing on social capital questions the solidarity versus representation distinction loses its purchase. For instance, some solidarity by definition groups – those with non-human or future generations as a constituency – do have members and grant a representative form of enfranchisement to those members. But their members are not those whose interests are being advocated for. Their supporters are enfranchised, but the constituency being advocated for is not. A blanket concern with whether groups have internal democratic

in Groups, representation and democracy
From campaign imagery to contemporary art
Julia Gallagher
V. Y. Mudimbe

countries where governors are collectors and the governed are collected ( Elsner and Cardinal, 1994: 2 ). Cultural objects were collected as a result of their aesthetic virtue, and as a result they were often classified with limited cultural context. These decontextualised objects – prized solely for their beauty – led to a paternalistic approach to the classification of art from the continent, which propagated an idea of Africa as one homogenous country. On one hand, objects of interest were well-preserved for future generations, whilst on the other hand there was a

in Images of Africa
Stephen Emerson
Hussein Solomon

(“development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs”47), which is essential for the economic well-being of developing countries in an increasingly globalized world. Difficult challenges indeed. But rather than ignore them by simply focusing on the well-being of the state, the human security construct seeks to find the appropriate balance between the interests of the state and multiple levels of society. Resource conflict and the environment 185 As an intensifier of violence Blood diamonds, conflict

in African security in the twenty-first century
Darren Halpin

(so far as practicable) of their natural aspect features and animal and plant life’ (Waterson 1994, 52). In practice, the main activity of the Trust was (and is) the acquisition of buildings and land, often by virtue of bequest or gift (but sometimes outright purchase), in order to preserve them for future generations – but of course to be enjoyed by the general public (present and future). Of course, the discharge of this duty involves it in many contentious policy issues. The 1907 Act essentially restated the initial objectives of the

in Groups, representation and democracy