Search results

Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

is to avoid causing more than twenty-nine civilian deaths, because, according to its advisors, thirty is the threshold at which negative reports begin to appear in the press ( Weizmann, 2010 ). Another example is modern flamethrowers, which were first used by Germany in 1915 and became widespread thereafter; in the 1970s, they came to symbolise the brutality of the Vietnam War. The famous photograph of the burned little girl fleeing a napalm attack aroused general indignation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

Introduction In 2014, a campaign group posted a video on YouTube called ‘Syrian hero boy’. The clip showed a young boy dramatically running through gunfire to save a girl, and it quickly went viral. The video was viewed more than five million times and republished on the websites of mainstream news outlets around the world, including the Daily Telegraph, Independent , Daily Mail and New York Post . It was also shared by the organisation Syria Campaign, which attached a petition calling on world leaders to stop the conflict. There was just

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

civilian protection focuses on providing material assistance in such a way as to enable civilians to reduce their exposure to threats, as in the often cited example of providing fuel-efficient stoves to reduce women’s and girls’ exposure to threats of sexual violence while collecting firewood ( Ferris, 2011 : 108; O’Callaghan and Pantuliano, 2007 : 35; Slim and Bonwick, 2005 : 89). Projects focused on income-generating activities may

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

, almost 1 million people who entirely rely on UNRWA in Gaza and over 50,000 Palestinian refugees from Syria now living precariously in Lebanon and Jordan ( UNRWA, 2018a ). Table 2 #Dignity Is Priceless campaign For 70 years, we stood #ForPalestineRefugees as they endured injustice and suffering. 1.7 million extremely vulnerable refugees rely on regular food and cash assistance. Average of 9 million patient visits to our 150 clinics annually. Half a million girls and boys attend our 700 schools. That’s their rights and dignity. And

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

‘We can help and improve our nation with education’, Muzoon is quoted as saying. While there is recognition of the desperate situation that many Syrian children face, the story focuses on the childhood dreams of one young girl. ‘Days go by, and an end to the Syrian crisis does not seem near, but [Muzoon], who dreams of someday becoming a journalist, is already thinking of better days for her country

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
A comparative case study of Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda

societies which respect human rights. Interventions promoting this ‘golden thread of democracy’ ( ibid .: 11) include strengthening civil society and the rule of law, tackling marginalisation and exclusion, and progressing the rights and opportunities of women and girls (Greening, 2015b ). The second type of development programmes presented as reducing conflict are explicit conflict prevention and resolution measures. These include the disarmament of civilians, reforms of the security, police and justice sectors, and civilian peacebuilding

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
The Marshall Plan films about Greece

; patients recovering from illnesses; and orphan girls and boys at summer camps and orphanages supported by the MP aid. Moreover, the film’s narrative situates the MP within the context of other recent and concurrent humanitarian interventions in Greece: the Red Cross’s inoculation campaign against tuberculosis; United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF) posters, which feature in shots of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Offline and online games, branding and humanitarianism at the Roskilde Festival

comprised teams of asylum-seekers, named after the different asylum centres, wearing matching Hummel gear (see figure 12.3 ). The other overlapping tournament was made up of ordinary female festival participants who signed up in teams that were more or less created for the event. Some had chosen a silly and festive theme and name for their team, such as ‘Puzzy Riders’ or ‘Girl Power and Fishermen’, whereas others had more commercial

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Cinema, news media and perception management of the Gaza conflicts

news website Mondoweiss, ‘There is not one Phan Thi Kim Phuc photo (the little naked girl fleeing a napalm strike in Viet Nam) but the combined photos and stories from Gaza this time have indeed changed the imagery of this conflict in the American mindset’. 8 These words recall the widely held, though inaccurate, view that a critical news media shifted public opinion from a ‘just war’ to a ‘dirty war’ in Vietnam. 9 One of the

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Juvenile actors and humanitarian sentiment in the 1940s

their ability to portray complex character’ (such as the ‘curly-haired, doll-like Shirley Temple’) to the young ‘dramatic actresses’ of today, who share ‘a remarkable faculty of appearing perfectly natural before the camera’, Garner is described as ‘a severely plain little girl’ and ‘the most perfect example of today’s trend towards realism in child acting’. 43 The desire for and apprehension of new and ‘natural

in Global humanitarianism and media culture