Search results

Democratic socialism and sectarianism
Author: Aaron Edwards

This is a definitive history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party (NILP), a unique political force that drew its support from Protestants and Catholics and became electorally viable despite deep-seated ethnic, religious and national divisions. Formed in 1924 and disbanded in 1987, it succeeded in returning several of its members to the locally based Northern Ireland parliament in 1925–29 and 1958–72, and polled some 100,000 votes in the 1964 and 1970 British general elections. Despite its political successes, the NILP's significance has been downplayed by historians, partly because of the lack of empirical evidence and partly to reinforce the simplistic view of Northern Ireland as the site of the most protracted sectarian conflict in modern Europe. The book brings together archival sources and the oral testimonies of the NILP's former members to explain the enigma of an extraordinary political party operating in extraordinary circumstances. It situates the NILP's successes and failures in a broad historical framework, providing the reader with a balanced account of twentieth-century Northern Irish political history.

Open Access (free)
Peter Calvert

70 DISCIPLINES 5 History peter calvert The main purpose of this chapter is to show how historians have contributed to our understanding of the processes of democratization. In the course of this the main focus will be on the different views historians have taken of alternative paths to democracy and particularly its early stages – the so-called ‘first wave’ (see Huntington 1991). To do this, however, we have first to take into account the ways in which different historians have approached the writing of history. Democratization here is taken to be a process by

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Kimberly Hutchings

3200TimeandWorldPolitics.qxd:2935 The Biopolitics 18/7/08 07:57 Page 28 2 From fortune to history Introduction H A P T E R 1 pointed to the ways in which accounts of world politics embody temporal narratives of repetition, progress and decline. The aim of this chapter is to deepen our understanding of the conditions of possibility of these temporal framings and the role that they play as resources for thought in the western social scientific imagination. In order to do this, I will highlight some of the contrasts and connections between neo

in Time and world politics
Liam Weeks

3 Independents’ electoral history Introduction Independents have been a constant feature of the Irish electoral landscape. They have maintained a continuous presence in the Dáil right back to the 1922 elections, the first in the Irish Free State.1 This is in contrast to their electoral performance in other established democracies, where independent candidates struggle to win votes, let alone seats. At the same time, independents’ success rates in Ireland have not been consistent, as sometimes (particularly in the 1960s and 1970s) their representation dipped to

in Independents in Irish party democracy
Matt Qvortrup

Introduction In this chapter I trace the history of the referendum from its earliest origins to its present-day use – or, some would say, abuse. After a tour d’horizon of the earlier use of the direct democracy, it first presents a historical overview of the use of referendums from the Renaissance through to the First World War. It is pointed out that the referendum – contrary to assertions by Tuck ( 2016 ) – can be traced back to the fifteenth century. Despite the term’s earlier use, the referendum began to be used in earnest only in the nineteenth century

in Government by referendum
Thomas Martin

The attacks of 9/11 constitute one of those moments in history that divides before and after. They led to a declaration of a ‘War on Terror’ from George W. Bush, President of the United States, on 20 September 2001, a call to arms that would be answered by many European states, the UK included. The threat was understood as an ‘Islamist’ terrorism, a perverse reading of the Muslim faith whose proponents spanned the world. 1 Soon after the attacks, the United States, with the aid of key allies, invaded

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity
Fintan Lane

3 James Connolly’s Labour in Irish History Fintan Lane Where O where is our James Connolly Where O where is that gallant man? Patrick Galvin, Irish Songs of Resistance (1955) Introduction James Connolly (1868–1916) – Marxist, trade unionist, historian, separatist rebel against British rule and national martyr – is embedded in Irish popular consciousness, and there are few on the island of Ireland who have not heard of him, even if their understanding of the historical figure is often somewhat hazy or coloured by misconceptions. In Dublin, the important Amiens

in Mobilising classics
Casper Sylvest

CH APTER 5 Liberal internationalism and the uses of history [The student of history] is the politician with his face turned backwards. (Lord Acton, 18951) No fan of traditional history writing, Herbert Spencer took particular exception to the ‘great man’ theory of history, a doctrine that involved an unscientific and ‘universal love of personalities’ such as ‘Frederick the Greedy’ and ‘Napoleon the Treacherous’.2 While this attack was mainly directed at a familiar opponent of positivist history, J. A. Froude, the loathing between Spencer and the historians

in British liberal internationalism, 1880–1930
Cerwyn Moore

3 Regional politics, trans-local identity and history This chapter introduces some background themes which influence the networks, groups and affiliations, and latterly distinctive armed resistance movements, in the Balkans and the Caucasus in the mid-1990s. In both cases the armed resistance movements emerged against the backdrop of the disintegration of the USSR and Socialist Yugoslavia, but the provenance of each movement needs to be located in a broader frame of late nineteenthand twentieth-century history. The armed resistance movements became involved in

in Contemporary violence
Oliver Daddow

wanted to admit – it ends full of doubt. New Labour’s audiences were routinely emolliated with statements of intent like ‘the past happened, but it’s over – let’s move on’ and yet the same speeches would be packed with diplomatic references to the nation’s great history, the Second World War, Churchillian flourishes on the pivotal role Britain could play in global affairs and the like. There is no better example of how New Labour saw itself as heir to Churchill’s globalist pretensions for Britain than in the second line of Gordon Brown’s speech to the Commonwealth

in New Labour and the European Union