Sexual images and innuendo have become commonplace in contemporary advertising; they often fail to register in any meaningful way with the audience. This book examines the essentially racist stereotypes through which Irish people have conventionally been regarded have been increasingly challenged and even displaced perhaps by a sequence of rather more complimentary perspectives. The various developments that are signified within the figure of the Celtic Tiger might be considered to have radically altered the field of political possibility in Ireland. The enormous cuts in public expenditure that marked this period are held to have established a desirable, stable macroeconomic environment. The Celtic Tiger shows that one can use the rhetoric about 'social solidarity' while actually implementing policies which increase class polarisation. The book discusses the current hegemonic construction of Ireland as an open, cosmopolitan, multicultural, tourist-friendly society. The two central pieces of legislation which currently shape Irish immigration policy are the 1996 Refugee Act and the Immigration Bill of 1999. The book offers a critical examination of the realities of the Celtic Tiger for Irish women. Processes of nation state formation invariably invoke homogeneous narratives of ethnicity and national identity. To invoke a collective subject of contemporary Ireland rhetorically is to make such a strategic utopian political assumption. For the last few hundred years, the Gaeltacht has exemplified the crisis of Irish modernity. Culture becomes capital, and vice versa, while political action increasingly consists of the struggle to maintain democratic autonomy in the face of global market forces.
A chess-player is not simply one who plays chess just as a chess piece is not simply a wooden block. Shaped by expectations and imaginations, the figure occupies the centre of a web of a thousand radiations where logic meets dream, and reason meets play. This book aspires to a novel reading of the figure as both a flickering beacon of reason and a sign of monstrosity. It is underpinned by the idea that the chess-player is a pluralistic subject used to articulate a number of anxieties pertaining to themes of mind, machine, and monster. The history of the cultural chess-player is a spectacle, a collision of tradition and recycling, which rejects the idea of the statuesque chess-player. The book considers three lives of the chess-player. The first as sinner (concerning behavioural and locational contexts), as a melancholic (concerning mind-bending and affective contexts), and as animal (concerning cognitive aspects and the idea of human-ness) from the medieval to the early-modern within non-fiction. The book then considers the role of the chess-player in detective fiction from Edgar Allan Poe to Raymond Chandler, contrasting the perceived relative intellectual reputation and social utility of the chess-player and the literary detective. IBM's late-twentieth-century supercomputer Deep Blue, Wolfgang von Kempelen's 1769 Automaton Chess-Player and Garry Kasparov's 1997 defeat are then examined. The book examines portrayals of the chess-player within comic-books of the mid-twentieth century, considering themes of monstrous bodies, masculinities, and moralities. It focuses on the concepts of the child prodigy, superhero, and transhuman.
What role does memory play in migrants’ adaption to the emotional challenges of migration? How are migrant selfhoods remade in relation to changing cultural myths? This book, the first to apply Popular Memory Theory to the Irish diaspora, opens new lines of critical enquiry within scholarship on the Irish in modern Britain. Combining innovative use of migrant life histories with cultural representations of the post-war Irish experience, it interrogates the interaction between lived experience, personal memory and cultural myth to further understanding of the work of memory in the production of migrant subjectivities. Based on richly contextualised case studies addressing experiences of emigration, urban life, work, religion and the Troubles in England, chapters illuminate the complex and contingent relationship between politics, culture and migrant identities, developing a dynamic view of the lived experience of British–Irish relations after 1945. Where memory is often regarded as a mechanism of antagonism within this relationship, Life History shows how migrants’ ‘recompose’ memories of migration as part of ongoing efforts to adapt to the transition between cultures and places. As well as shedding new light on the collective fantasies of post-war migrants and the circumstances which formed them, Life History thus illustrates the cultural and personal dynamics of subjective change over time: migrants located themselves as the subjects of a diverse and historically evolving repertoire of narratives, signalling adaption, difference and integration as co-articulating features of the Irish experience in post-1945 England.
The end of Irish history?
An introduction to the book
During the Easter vacation of 2001, I happened to be travelling through
the United States and picked up a copy of a renowned popular music
magazine to pass the time on a short internal flight. While leafing through
the publication, I stumbled across a feature that struck me as having no
little cultural significance. It was a single-frame, full-page advertisement
for some commodity or other set in a stylish contemporary bathroom
that could have been located in more or less any major city in
From the Bank of Scotland’s origins to HBOS and crisis
History: from the Bank of Scotland’s
origins to HBOS and crisis
It is very traditional to begin an ethnography with a chapter of historical background to the case in question. This chapter does that, but it also seeks to be
explicit about how it does that, because how we conceptualise history, how
we select and organise events, facts, details into a narrative, implies a general
approach to explanation. Historical narratives encode a certain amount of theory,
whether we like it or not (Carr 1961; Koselleck 1985; White 1984). In the next
In contemporary forensic medicine, in India, the label of complete autopsy applies to a
whole range of post-mortem examinations which can present consid- erable differences in
view of the intellectual resources, time, personnel and material means they involve. From
various sources available in India and elsewhere, stems the idea that, whatever the type
of case and its apparent obviousness, a complete autopsy implies opening the abdomen, the
thorax and the skull and dissecting the organs they contain. Since the nineteenth century,
procedural approaches of complete autopsies have competed with a practical sense of
completeness which requires doctors to think their cases according to their history.
Relying on two case studies observed in the frame of an ethnographic study of eleven
months in medical colleges of North India, the article suggests that the practical
completeness of autopsies is attained when all aspects of the history of the case are made
sense of with regard to the observation of the body. Whereas certain autopsies are
considered obvious and imply a reduced amount of time in the autopsy room, certain others
imply successive redefinitions of what complete implies and the realisation of certain
actions which would not have been performed otherwise.
The tragedy (and comedy) of accelerated modernisation
Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling
the world today’.
Millenarianism and utopianism
We in Ireland are also caught up in these world historical processes
of modernisation and experiences of modernity, all be it modulated and
mediated by our own histories, our own insertion into the global political
economy, and our own particular experiences as members of different
socio-economic classes, religious and political persuasions, as men and
women, as urban and rural dwellers, as native born and as newcomers,
as Travellers and minorities. Furthermore, the
Irish emigrants and family history:
a new approach
ALLEGED MANSLAUGHTER BY AN IRISHMAN.
An inquest was held on the death of Patrick Mannion, 61, who died
from injuries received in a disturbance in his house in Snow’s Yard on
Saturday night. Shortly before midnight his son, John Mannion, and a
labourer, Patrick Power, who was lodging there, had a quarrel. Patrick
Mannion went upstairs to quieten them. Power struck him in the face
and knocked him down. Mrs Mannion fell downstairs and hurt her face
badly. A youth, Henry Ferneyhough, saw Power kick Patrick
‘Of magic look and meaning’: themes concerning the cultural chess-player
‘Of magic look and meaning’: themes
concerning the cultural chess-player
This inquiry concerns the cultural history of the chess-player. It takes as its premise the idea that the chess-player has become a fragmented collection of images.
The formation of these images has been underpinned by challenges to, and
confirmations of, chess’s status as an intellectually superior and socially useful
game, particularly since rule changes five centuries ago. Yet the chess-player is
an understudied figure whose many faces have frequently been obscured
Engagement in the cross-currents of
history: perspectives on civilisation
in Latin America
In this chapter, I explore Latin American experiences that shed light on the
engagement of civilisations. Most of the theoretical engagements canvassed
in Part I either sequester Latin American experiences or do not do them justice. In the past, Latin America has been judged poorly when questions of its
civilisational character have been asked. Scholars in modernisation studies and
area studies influenced by Louis Hartz’s The Founding of New Societies saw the