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Troilus and Criseyde and Troilus and Cressida

For the last three decades or so, literary studies, especially those dealing with premodern texts, have been dominated by the New Historicist paradigm. This book is a collection of essays explores medieval and early modern Troilus-texts from Chaucer to Shakespeare. The contributions show how medieval and early modern fictions of Troy use love and other emotions as a means of approaching the problem of tradition. The book argues that by emphasizing Troilus's and Cressida's hopes and fears, Shakespeare sets in motion a triangle of narrative, emotion and temporality. It is a spectacle of which tells something about the play but also about the relation between anticipatory emotion and temporality. The sense of multiple literary futures is shaped by Shakespeare's Chaucer, and in particular by Troilus and Criseyde. The book argues that the play's attempted violence upon a prototypical form of historical time is in part an attack on the literary narratives. Criseyde's beauty is described many times. The characters' predilection for sententiousness unfolds gradually. Through Criseyde, Chaucer's Poet displaces authorial humility as arrogance. The Troilus and Criseyde/Cressida saga begins with Boccaccio, who isolates and expands the love affair between Troiolo and Criseida to vent his sexual frustration. The poem appears to be linking an awareness of history and its continuing influence and impact on the present to hermeneutical acts conspicuously gendered female. The main late medieval Troy tradition does two things: it represents ferocious military combat, and also practises ferocious literary combat against other, competing traditions of Troy.

Tim William Machan

British exceptionalism. Put another way, much of what English critics of the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth centuries remembered about medieval English geography, history, religion, and literature, they remembered by means of Iceland, Norway, and, to lesser extents, Denmark and Sweden. And these memories, in turn, figure in something even broader, for they play a foundational (if under-appreciated) role in the fashioning of the United Kingdom, which accounts for the historical framework I follow: post-medieval and prior to what Reinhart Koselleck and others

in Northern memories and the English Middle Ages
The crown, persuasion and lordship
Philippa Byrne

own. The complexities and political dilemmas which arose from this close connection become abundantly clear from the narratives of justice that appear in contemporary histories and chronicles. Lords who are invited to make a decision between mercy and justice all too often are persuaded by sweet words and plump for the wrong option. Counsel can both support a judge in coming to the right decision and lead a king into disastrous judicial missteps. The ambivalent relationship, and sometimes uneasy accommodation, between

in Justice and mercy
Paul Kershaw

master narratives of barbarian history. The question of particularity in reception raises a final issue. Studies of individual responses to Bede’s thought remain rare, those of responses to his historical writings even more so. 11 Having started the hares of reception, reinterpretation and reuse, my intention in the remainder of this paper is to pursue them through a limited landscape: the relationship

in Frankland
Laywomen in monastic spaces
Susannah Crowder

4 Negotiated devotions and performed histories: laywomen in monastic spaces Introduction Male monastic spaces – although theoretically closed to women – formed another vibrant stage for female performance in Metz. In this chapter, I continue to investigate the relationships among performance, gender, history, and devotion through a study of two Messine monasteries and their roles in the religious observances of laywomen. During the fifteenth century, both the Celestine priory and the Benedictine community of St-Arnoul housed performances by and for Catherine

in Performing women
Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida and literary defacement
James Simpson

tradition, are as follows: Benoît de Sainte-Maure’s French verse Roman de Troyes (c. 1160); 4 Guido delle Colonne’s Latin prose Historia destructionis Troiae (1287); 5 the English, alliterative verse Destruction of Troy, by John Clerk (1385–1400); 6 John Lydgate’s English verse Troy Book (1412–20); 7 and William Caxton’s English prose The Recuyell of the Historyes of Troye (1473). 8 Shakespeare also, of

in Love, history and emotion in Chaucer and Shakespeare
Abstract only
Reading, space and intimacy in Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde
Andrew James Johnston

English literary history. This penchant for order and symmetry emphasizes what Allen J. Frantzen has identified as one of the text’s principal aesthetic devices, namely the ubiquitous occurrence of framing of all types and on all levels. 1 This holds especially true for the way in which the action is staged: frequently, we encounter enclosed spaces opening up onto other spaces which may themselves

in Love, history and emotion in Chaucer and Shakespeare
The crucial year
David Wallace

The Troilus and Criseyde/Cressida saga is a perfect vehicle for tracing the history of the emotions, in that it offers an unparalleled darkening of mood over time. This saga begins with Boccaccio, who isolates and expands the love affair between Troiolo and Criseida to vent his sexual frustration. The conceit of the work, as laid out in its prose prologue, is that

in Love, history and emotion in Chaucer and Shakespeare
Shakespeare’s refurbishment of Chaucer’s Troilus and Criseyde
John Drakakis

Shakespeare’s Troilus and Cressida occupies an intermediate position, first, in its belated appearance in the Folio between Henry VIII and Coriolanus : between ‘history’ and ‘tragedy’, and then in its title between two ‘tragedies’, Romeo and Juliet and Antony and Cleopatra. This might suggest a number of generic reasons for

in Love, history and emotion in Chaucer and Shakespeare
Nest of Deheubarth
Author: Susan M. Johns

The book is an account of noblewomen in Wales in the high middle ages, focusing on one particular case-study, Nest of Deheubarth. Object of one of the most notorious and portentous abductions of the middle ages, this ‘Helen of Wales’ was both mistress of Henry I and ancestress of a dynasty which dominated the Anglo-Norman conquests of Ireland. The book fills a significant gap in the historiography - while women’s power has been one of the most vibrant areas of historical scholarship for thirty years, Welsh medieval studies has not yet responded. It develops understandings of the interactions of gender with conquest, imperialism, and with the social and cultural transformations of the middle ages, from a new perspective. Many studies have recently appeared reconsidering these relationships, but few if any have women and gender as a core theme. Gender, Nation and Conquest will therefore be of interest to all researching, teaching and studying the high middle ages in Britain and Ireland, and to a wider audience for which medieval women’s history women is a growing fascination. Hitherto Nest has been seen as the pawn of powerful men. A more general discussion of ideals concerning beauty, love, sex and marriage and an analysis of the interconnecting identities of Nest throws light on her role as wife/concubine/mistress. A unique feature of the book is its examination of the story of Nest in its many forms over succeeding centuries, during which it has formed part of significant narratives of gender and nation.