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Democratic socialism and sectarianism
Author: Aaron Edwards

This is a definitive history of the Northern Ireland Labour Party (NILP), a unique political force that drew its support from Protestants and Catholics and became electorally viable despite deep-seated ethnic, religious and national divisions. Formed in 1924 and disbanded in 1987, it succeeded in returning several of its members to the locally based Northern Ireland parliament in 1925–29 and 1958–72, and polled some 100,000 votes in the 1964 and 1970 British general elections. Despite its political successes, the NILP's significance has been downplayed by historians, partly because of the lack of empirical evidence and partly to reinforce the simplistic view of Northern Ireland as the site of the most protracted sectarian conflict in modern Europe. The book brings together archival sources and the oral testimonies of the NILP's former members to explain the enigma of an extraordinary political party operating in extraordinary circumstances. It situates the NILP's successes and failures in a broad historical framework, providing the reader with a balanced account of twentieth-century Northern Irish political history.

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The evolution of a subject
Nicholas Canny

Several of those who have set out to explain the emergence of Atlantic History as a distinct subject of enquiry have begun by seeking to establish when the concept of an Atlantic World first came into vogue. Those who have done so have found that the concept of an Atlantic Community, if not of an Atlantic World, was first popularized in the aftermath of the Second World War by scholars who considered that the liberal-democratic values that had been gradually enshrined into law by governments on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean from the late

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
A programme for the teaching of history in the post- national era
Thomas Adam

Teaching history at American colleges and universities currently undergoes significant changes and transformations. Fundamental questions are raised about how we teach history and what we teach as history. There is the pressure of university administrations and boards of regents to develop online courses which students can take at their own pace. The large survey courses in American and World History are relocated from lecture halls into the virtual world of the internet where students are guided through the material with interactive tools

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Transatlantic debates about the Nazi past
Konrad H. Jarausch

developing a substantive and methodological cooperation which has been extraordinarily intense and fruitful. 8 Though East German historians also attempted to follow the Marxist lead of their Soviet colleagues, their communication remained more superficial and reluctant than among their western counterparts. 9 In the West, the joint transatlantic effort to confront the historical reasons and consequences of the Nazi dictatorship produced an entirely new subspecialty – German contemporary history. 10 How did this surprising disciplinary innovation that supported the

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Thomas Martin

The attacks of 9/11 constitute one of those moments in history that divides before and after. They led to a declaration of a ‘War on Terror’ from George W. Bush, President of the United States, on 20 September 2001, a call to arms that would be answered by many European states, the UK included. The threat was understood as an ‘Islamist’ terrorism, a perverse reading of the Muslim faith whose proponents spanned the world. 1 Soon after the attacks, the United States, with the aid of key allies, invaded

in Counter-radicalisation policy and the securing of British identity
Fintan Lane

3 James Connolly’s Labour in Irish History Fintan Lane Where O where is our James Connolly Where O where is that gallant man? Patrick Galvin, Irish Songs of Resistance (1955) Introduction James Connolly (1868–1916) – Marxist, trade unionist, historian, separatist rebel against British rule and national martyr – is embedded in Irish popular consciousness, and there are few on the island of Ireland who have not heard of him, even if their understanding of the historical figure is often somewhat hazy or coloured by misconceptions. In Dublin, the important Amiens

in Mobilising classics
Perspectives on civilisation in Latin America
Jeremy C.A. Smith

151 7 Engagement in the cross-​currents of history: perspectives on civilisation in Latin America In this chapter, I  explore Latin American experiences that shed light on the engagement of civilisations. Most of the theoretical engagements canvassed in Part I either sequester Latin American experiences or do not do them justice. In the past, Latin America has been judged poorly when questions of its civilisational character have been asked. Scholars in modernisation studies and area studies influenced by Louis Hartz’s The Founding of New Societies saw the sub

in Debating civilisations
America, Europe, and the crises of the 1970s
Ariane Leendertz

In the twenty-first century, transatlantic relations no longer enjoy the prominence they had in both the foreign policies of the United States and of many Western European countries, as well as in the history of international relations during the second half of the twentieth century. Yet, transatlantic relations remain a focus of study by historians and political scientists, as America and the European Union still are, economically and politically (and, in the American case, militarily), two of the most powerful actors in international

in The TransAtlantic reconsidered
Sarah Hackett

Writing in 1999, Alistair Thomson maintained that ‘migration emerges as one of the most important themes of oral history research’. 1 From the 1990s, oral history has increasingly been recognised as an invaluable resource for uncovering the experiences and lives of migrants in Britain, which are often not documented in more conventional sources, and thus as having the potential to reveal what are otherwise ‘hidden’ histories. 2 Overall, the historiography has stressed the extent to which oral history offers a more in-depth historical understanding of

in Britain’s rural Muslims
Brian Hanley

9 ‘They want to tell lies about our history’1 A few days after Bloody Sunday, a left-wing group distributed leaflets to students at University College Dublin. In contrast to most commentary that week, their message asserted that it was the ‘consistant refusal of the nationalist leadership (to) recognise the national rights of the Protestants to a distinct political life (that) has led in turn to the repression of the Catholic minority in Northern Ireland’.2 The leafleters were members of the British & Irish Communist Organisation (B & ICO) a small, Marxist sect

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79