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So what went wrong?
Odette Best

received training to be ‘native nurses’ who worked in hospitals on settlements In this chapter, an indigenous historical lens is applied to the status of Indigenous nurses and midwives in Australia. I explore the establishment of Australia’s nursing profession, and compare training of white nurses with training received by ‘native nurses’. I suggest that Australia failed to respond to the British Colonial Nursing Service’s agenda and argue that this failure, in part, contributed to the poor health status experienced by Indigenous Australians. I propose that four issues

in Colonial caring
Early exploration in the public history of Aotearoa New Zealand and Australia
Nicholas Thomas

protest and criticism of Cook has occasionally been aired. Yet, despite the discredited imperial ideologies with which exploration has been so intimately associated, Cook’s popularity has been surprisingly resilient. This chapter does not attempt to review the whole range of representations and reinterpretations of Cook’s voyages to the two antipodean colonies of white settlement, or elsewhere; instead, my interest is more specifically in how key aspects of Cook’s encounters with Maori and indigenous Australians have been imagined and

in Rethinking settler colonialism
The Australian Aborigines and the question of difference
Judith Wilson

The nature of German anthropological observations of indigenous peoples remains a fraught one, as the debate between H Glenn Penny, Andrew Zimmerman and Jens Uwe Guettel demonstrates. Via an investigation of Friedrich Gerstäcker’s representations of Australia and Indigenous Australians, this chapter explores the nature of German travellers’ depictions of the Indigenous peoples of Australia.

in Savage worlds
Rosemary Baird
Philippa Mein Smith

encounters with Indigenous Australians, inhospitable environments, and tough, masculine, raw communities. Some consciously identified their new home as having a risk-taking, isolationist, frontier spirit. Financial aspirations ‘Go west young man’ – a phrase used in discussions of American westward expansion from 1850

in New Zealand’s empire
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Testimony, memoir and the work of reconciliation
Gillian Whitlock

which a large proportion of the First Nations’ population in western Canada was educated from 1879 to 1986, have become the focus of claims that in Canada the education of First Nations’ peoples must be recognised as a programme of institutionalised cultural genocide. In Australia, too, the phenomenon of the ‘stolen generations’ has led to claims that education policies under settler colonialism resulted in the cultural genocide of indigenous Australians – ‘stolen generations’ refers to the children who were taken from their

in Rethinking settler colonialism
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Citizens of empire
Wm. Matthew Kennedy

Curthoys, and John Docker, eds, Passionate Histories: Myth Memory, and Indigenous Australia (Canberra, 2010), p. 10.

in The imperial Commonwealth
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The tense of citizenship
Ben Silverstein

than as a process. Non-Indigenous Australians regularly reiterated the nexus between civilisation and citizenship, arguing that citizenship was a qualification, not an entitlement. In 1938 Mary Bennett, for example, complained to the Commissioner for Native Affairs in Western Australia, A. O. Neville, that as ‘the whole world is revising interracial legislation, and there is noticeably throughout Australia a growing spirit of goodwill and fair play towards the native race’, the Western Australian practice of ‘making “colour” and not “civilization” the basis of

in Governing natives
Lindsay J. Proudfoot
Dianne P. Hall

historical encounter with Aboriginal society, the ways this has subsequently been represented, and the implications of both of these things for contemporary non-indigenous Australians, their sense of belonging and nationhood, and the legitimacy of their presence in Australia. Anne Curthoys explains ‘The History Wars’’ vehemence as a function of the sense of victimhood that she

in Imperial spaces
The Queen’s currency and imperial pedagogies on Australia’s south-eastern settler frontiers
Penelope Edmonds

, MSM534, James Dredge, Diaries, Notebook and Letterbooks, 1817–1845, James Dredge, 30 April 1840; Clark, The Journals of George Augustus Robinson , vol. 1, pp. 248–56. 44 Jessie Mitchell, In Good Faith? Governing Indigenous Australia Through God, Charity and Empire, 1825–1855 (Canberra

in Mistress of everything
German investigations of Australian Aboriginal skeletal remains, c. 1860
Antje Kühnast

understanding of their rights as human beings. 2 German physical and cultural anthropologists of the mid- to late nineteenth century have similarly been described as following a more humane, less racialising approach to the investigation of colonised peoples in general. 3 This chapter explores this idea, to offer a sense of how Indigenous Australians figured in German anthropological investigations. Australian Aborigines initially came to the attention of German

in Savage worlds