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Caribbean migration to Britain brought many new things—new music, new foods, new styles. It brought new ways of thinking too. This book explores the intellectual ideas that the West Indians brought with them to Britain. It shows that, for more than a century, West Indians living in Britain developed a dazzling intellectual critique of the codes of Imperial Britain. Chapters discuss the influence of, amongst others, C. L. R. James, Una Marson, George Lamming, Jean Rhys, Claude McKay and V. S. Naipaul. The contributors draw from many different disciplines to bring alive the thought and personalities of the figures they discuss, providing a picture of intellectual developments in Britain from which we can still learn much. The introduction argues that the recovery of this Caribbean past, on the home territory of Britain itself, reveals much about the prospects of multiracial Britain.

The Royal Historical Society and Race, Ethnicity & Equality in UK History: A Report and Resource for Change
Shahmima Akhtar

Using the findings of the Royal Historical Society’s Race, Ethnicity & Equality in UK History: A Report and Resource for Change, published in 2018, this chapter considers how anti-racist action has been undertaken in history higher education in the UK. The report found that undergraduate-level history was overwhelmingly white in terms of students, that the numbers were even lower when it came to postgraduate-level history and that ‘history academic staff are less diverse than H&PS student cohorts’. Taking stock of these findings, many history departments across UK universities reviewed, strengthened or created anew their equality, diversity and inclusivity agendas. Ranging from efforts to diversify curriculum content to improving mechanisms to report racial abuse, this chapter will reflect on the effectiveness of these proposals. As the postdoctoral fellow funded by the Past and Present Society to embed the impact of the Race Report, the author offers a critical perspective on how the race equality work so clearly envisioned in the report not only mirrors but is reinforced by the equality work taking place in wider Britain. The museum and heritage sector, those working with schools and the curriculum and those producing history for the public are working in a mutually constitutive set of structures to engender anti-racist action and behaviour. By tracing the intellectual development of the RHS’s equalities work as it ties to the anti-racist work we can see in Britain more broadly, the chapter reflects on the extent to which meaningful change can occur in history higher education.

in British culture after empire
Trade, conquest and therapeutics in the eighteenth century

Medicine was transformed in the eighteenth century. Aligning the trajectories of intellectual and material wealth, this book uncovers how medicine acquired a new materialism as well as new materials in the context of global commerce and warfare. It studies the expansion of medicine as it acquired new materials and methods in an age of discovery and shows how eighteenth-century therapeutics encapsulates the intellectual and material resources of conquest. Bringing together a wide range of sources, the book argues that the intellectual developments in European medicine were inextricably linked to histories of conquest, colonisation and the establishment of colonial institutions. Medicine in the eighteenth-century colonies was shaped by the two main products of European mercantilism: minerals and spices. Forts and hospitals were often established as the first signs of British settlement in enemy territories, like the one in Navy Island. The shifting fortunes on the Coromandel Coast over the eighteenth century saw the decline of traditional ports like Masulipatnam and the emergence of Madras as the centre of British trade. The book also explores the emergence of materia medica and medical botany at confluence of the intellectual, spiritual and material quests. Three different forms of medical knowledge acquired by the British in the colonies: plants (columba roots and Swietenia febrifuga), natural objects and indigenous medical preparations (Tanjore pills). The book examines the texts, plants, minerals, colonial hospitals, dispensatories and the works of surgeons, missionaries and travellers to demonstrate that these were shaped by the material constitution of eighteenth century European colonialism.

Colonialism in the photographs and letters of the young cosmopolitan Carl Heinrich Becker, 1900–2
Ulf Morgenstern

meant political observations of the British and Ottoman colonial rivalry. 66 The Sudan experience after the end of the Mahdist state, when the British and Egyptian troops slaughtered eleven thousand enemies while losing just 48 men, 67 was a crucial experience in his intellectual development as an orientalist. German orientalism, orientalist science and colonialism were inextricably linked at that time, and Becker built a university career on

in Savage worlds
Pitt Rivers and collecting ‘Primitive Warfare’
Christopher Evans

, ‘Archaeology, evolution and the public good: the intellectual development of General Pitt Rivers’, Archaeological Journal , 140 (1983), 1–9. 62 See Evans, ‘Soldiering archaeology’, Table 1. 63 Lieutenant-General A. H. L. F. Pitt Rivers, ‘On measurements taken of the officers and men of the 2 nd Royal Surrey Militia according to the general instructions drawn up by the Anthropometric Committee of the British Association’, Journal of the Anthropological Institute , 6 (1877), 443–57; Pitt Rivers, ‘Excavations at Caesar’s Camp’, p. 436. 64 E.g. M. Wagstaff

in Dividing the spoils
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Vicky Randall

movement, leadership of the Bulgarian Atrocities Agitation, and attack on British foreign policy in relationship to the ‘Eastern Question’ during the Crimean War and Great Eastern Crisis. The first part of this book sought to draw out the full extent and implications of Thomas Arnold’s influence on Freeman’s intellectual development. As an undergraduate, Freeman had heard Arnold lecture on the ‘Unity of History’ and had been deeply impressed by his idea that the historian should study political institutions comparatively in order to reveal the process by which nations

in History, empire, and Islam
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Zoë Laidlaw

colonies to gain a greater degree of self-government? How did colonial settlers shape and support their demands to have maximum effect on metropolitan government? The growth of colonial societies, metropolitan officials’ sense of vulnerability, and intellectual developments all played a part in transfers of power. But these questions also highlight the importance of control over information, in order to

in Colonial connections, 1815–45
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Taking stock, looking ahead
Joseph M. Hodge

reveals a broad landscape of successive phases of development discourse stretching back two hundred years. Dufour identifies five main usages of the term développement , starting with the Enlightenment and early French colonial discourse, which stressed the goal of ‘progress of civilisation’ in which development refers to moral and intellectual development or the development of society or of the human

in Developing Africa
Sam Smiles

intellectual development not as a linear progression but as an accretion of knowledge around a spiritual core, that reads the very landscape as a mystical palimpsest. It is a quietist, meditative and essentially conservative approach that stands in stark contradistinction to those modernizing and modernist tendencies which lie this side of David Jones’s ‘Break’. Equally, of course, it offers a secure haven

in Cultural identities and the aesthetics of Britishness
Martin Shipway

are not content to provide merely a surplus of material well-being, but we also impose moral rules and intellectual development. And by what methods and according to whose example should we do this, if not by our own methods and according to the example of our own civilization, in the name of which alone we may speak? For what authority would we have to speak

in Rhetorics of empire