perpetrators that participating in CRSV/M is considered
a grave violation of the internationallaw, and the prosecution approach should be
the same as is the case in obtaining justice for CRSV against women ( Lewis, 2009 : 49). Encouraging men to speak
about their CRSV experiences, particularly to the humanitarian service providers,
may make them more inclined to offer the care and support they need. Therefore, the
move towards a language that is vividly gender-inclusive recognises that both men
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE
unlawful but European
institutions are endorsing it. So SOS says: ‘No! Actually, according to internationallaw,
these are the obligations of states.’ It’s kind of a vigilante of the
Right now, my problem with NGOs like MSF and Save the Children and Oxfam is not what they do
out in the field. It is that their staff generally don’t act as citizens. They go out to
Uganda or DRC or whatever but they don’t engage with politics in their own home countries.
Perhaps this is a result of the way NGO workers see themselves. My PhD research was
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian
kind of formulation, which justifies
additional measures for staff on the basis of the services they provide for
others, sits uncomfortably with the principle of humanity, according to which
‘human value is based on life not utility’ ( Slim, 2015 : 56).
Differences in legal status do not offer a convincing explanation of differences
in security/protection strategy. Internationallaw does offer additional
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
newfound attention to the targeting of humanitarian and medical actors in conflict zones, not only in Afghanistan, but also in Syria, Yemen and elsewhere, as well as renewed calls for legal accountability. As the incident highlighted, however, a notable gap exists between the lofty theoretical promise of internationallaw – and its domestic corollaries – and the difficulties of achieving accountability in practice. On the one hand, the legal clarity of internationallaw regarding the protection of humanitarian action in armed conflict from deliberate attack is
Chinese assertiveness. The
blocking of effective action on Syria at the security council, including preventing a referral
of Assad to the ICC, was the result. It is a long time since Kosovo in 1999, the high point of
the post-Cold War humanitarian international, when the Western-led coalition broke internationallaw but justified it by retrospectively arguing their actions were ‘illegal but
legitimate’. Imagine China making the same argument about its treatment of the Uighurs,
as many as one million of whom, it is said, now languish in re
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
about: her ship, the internationallaw of the sea, Europeans’ moral responsibilities, and conditions faced by migrants in Libya. At the same time, she convincingly claimed that she preferred her actions to do the talking for her.
The role of Rackete has also been important in that it deflected emotions away from the migrants rescued by the NGOs – and thus away from an asymmetrical extension of compassion – towards the rescuers. The deflection of emotions away from the migrants may also have helped to subvert humanitarianism’s tendencies to perpetuate ‘the neo
humans truly were naturally violent and that violence came easily to them, would there not be more cases of violent outrage and self-destruction among impoverished communities? What is more, most of the extreme cases of human slaughter throughout history have taken place within the bounds of domestic and internationallaw. They have been fully in keeping with the prevailing normative claims to truth and its ritualised performances. Very rarely does violence come to us in a truly sporadic or spontaneous way. All political violence has a history and most often it is
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action1
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos
for a set of humanitarian values ( Walker,
2004 ; Wortel, 2009 ).
Humanitarianism is a culture that values humanity in all its forms, that
champions non-discrimination, that advances restraint in war and many other
values codified in internationallaw. ‘Promoting’ ( Bugnion, 2003 : xxvii) or
‘spreading’ ( Slim,
1998 ) this humanitarian culture, therefore, inevitably requires
transforming cultural values and practices that
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
(accessed 20 October 2016) .
Amnesty International ( 2016b ), ‘ Horrific Attack
on UN Aid Convoy Is a Flagrant Violation of InternationalLaw’ , www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2016/09/syria-horrific-attack-on-un-aid-convoy-is-a-flagrant-violation-of-international-law
(accessed 20 October 2016) .
BBS ( 2014 ), Slum Census 2014 & Health and Morbidity Status