, ‘ “Not everyone can be a
13 Iredale, ‘Luring overseas trained doctors to Australia’; Barnett, ‘Foreign
medical graduates’; Wright & Mullally, ‘ “Not everyone can be a Gandhi” ’.
14 Mejia, ‘Migration of physicians’, p. 214.
16 ‘Soviet medical degrees “recognition sought” ’, Hindustan Times (8 May
1963), p. 3.
17 V. Robinson & M. Carey, ‘Peopling skilled internationalmigration: Indian
doctors in the UK’, InternationalMigration, 38:1 (2000).
18 Robinson & Carey, ‘Peopling skilled internationalmigration’, p. 95.
the capital. The concerns of the Home Office,
expressed in a Ministerial Statement to the House of Commons in
May 2012, emphasised how ‘[M]uch of the UK’s TB burden is attributable to internationalmigration. Around three quarters of TB cases in
the UK occur in those born outside of the UK’.5 This has been echoed
in most of the mainstream media where the ‘foreignness’ of the disease
has been underscored in all the lamentations and calls to action. Once
acknowledged as a persistent scourge, a regrettable resident within the
British population, the disease was thought
Writing the history of the ‘International’ Health Service
Julian M. Simpson
. Simpson, A. Esmail, V. S. Kalra, S. J. Snow, ‘Writing migrants back
into NHS history: Addressing a “collective amnesia” and its policy implications’, Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 103:10 (2010); J. M.
Simpson, ‘Reframing NHS history: Visual sources in a study of UK-based
migrant doctors’, Oral History, 42:2 (2014).
9 OECD, InternationalMigration Outlook 2015 (Paris: OECD Publishing,
2015), p. 111.
10 L. Doyal, G. Hunt, J. Mellor, ‘Your life in their hands: Migrant workers in the National Health Service’, Critical Social Policy, 1 (1981);
L. Ryan, ‘Who
anxieties about Chinese immigration and an endangerment of ‘American-
ness’ in the United States. For Gussow, leprosy was framed as a disease
of racially ‘inferior’ people. According to Gussow, the association of this
rediscovered leprosy with biblical and medieval leprosy led to the stigmatization of the leprosy sufferers, their isolation, and segregation policies.
Thus, Gussow made explicit links between the stigmatization of leprosy and racial fears spreading worldwide at the end of the nineteenth
century owing to internationalmigration movements. Questions of
Revised Edition (Sydney: Brandl & Schlesinger, 1997),
Garrard, The English and Immigration, p. 24.
Aristide Zolberg, ‘Matters of State: Theorizing Immigration Policy,’ in
Charles Hirschman, Philip Kasinitz and Josh De Wind (eds), The Handbook
of InternationalMigration: The American Experience (New York: Russell
Sage, 2000), 71–93.
For example: Tobias Brinkmann, ‘“Travelling with Ballin”: The Impact of
American Immigration Policies on Jewish Transmigration within Central
Europe, 1880–1914,’ International Review of Social History, 53 (2008),