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Norman Geras

04 Crimes Against Humanity 098-112 3/12/10 10:11 Page 98 4 Humanitarian intervention We have seen in the preceding chapters that the concept of crimes against humanity implies a limit to state sovereignty. It is natural, therefore, that discussion of the concept, and especially of its beginnings, should make reference to an earlier tradition within international law to which that same limit is germane – I mean the tradition of humanitarian intervention. In fact, the principle of humanitarian intervention stands not only at the origin of the offence of

in Crimes against humanity
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

NATO’s employment of military power against the government of Slobodan Milosevic over Kosovo has been among the most controversial aspects of the Alliance’s involvement in South East Europe since the end of the Cold War. The air operations between March and June 1999 have been variously described as war, ‘humanitarian war’, ‘virtual war’, intervention and ‘humanitarian intervention’ by the conflict

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Georg Elwert

12 Intervention in markets of violence Georg Elwert Introduction    backbone of a state, the monopoly of violence. The society loses its cohesion. Behind smokescreens of ethnic, political, religious or other ideological goals appears a new – mainly economic – reference for social action: acquisition based upon violence. Markets of violence are highly profitable social systems, which can remain stable over several decades. The dominant actors in this system, the warlords, combine violent appropriation with peaceful exchange. Markets of violence

in Potentials of disorder
Jannika Brostrom

T HIS CHAPTER EXAMINES the use of moral suasion in cases of violence, justified as humanitarian intervention. It argues that rather than this being reflective of normative shifts in world politics brought about by global civil society, it can be explained by referring to the role of power and interests. After an examination of how supporters of global civil society

in Violence and the state
Ana E. Juncos

: 388) Introduction This chapter examines the post-conflict intervention of the EU in Bosnia until 2001. EU foreign policy during this period was marked by continuity. The EU’s intervention in Bosnia continued to be mainly civilian (economic and humanitarian) in nature since military initiatives were avoided by the member

in EU Foreign and Security Policy in Bosnia
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius

10 Sweden, military intervention and the loss of memory Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius Introduction Since the 1990s, Sweden has gradually changed from a neutral country to one that is ‘militarily non-aligned.’ It has taken active part in international peace operations under the command of NATO and the EU, and contributed forces to operations in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Libya. In 2015 Sweden also set aside resources to train Kurdish troops in Northern Iraq in the fight against ISIS (Dagens Nyheter 2015). At the 2014 NATO Summit in Warsaw, Sweden

in The politics of identity
Stephen Benedict Dyson

4 The Kosovo and Sierra Leone interventions ‘There is only one person arguing for ground troops’ to go into Kosovo, commented a senior NATO official as the alliance pondered its options, ‘and that is Tony Blair’.1 Blair was indeed alone during late April and May 1999 in pushing forcefully for an invasion of Kosovo to halt Serbian ethnic cleansing operations, and his stance, which was judged by some to be close to ‘messianic’,2 provoked high anger from President Clinton, ‘widespread bafflement’ from the French,3 and a questioning of his judgment from some cabinet

in The Blair identity
Annabelle Littoz-Monnet

2997 The European Union and culture 26/2/07 09:31 Page 20 2 Cultural policy at the heart of tensions between conflicting models of policy intervention Culture is the field ‘par excellence’ where policy preferences are not only determined by institutional, political and economic interests, but also by policy ideas. Depending on how policy actors perceive a given policy problem, their views will also differ as to how the sector should be regulated. Thus, the Communitarisation process of the cultural sector was characterised by a competition between conflicting

in The European Union and culture
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

white modernist building lit up in the dark, tucked away in a far corner of the Giardini. I ran to take cover. It featured an exhibit called Places for People : a sparse but simply furnished demonstration of real interventions rather than idealistic projections, describing three projects that had worked with refugees to make modest but important improvements to their emergency shelters. The ideas were a refreshing change from the rest of the Biennale because they were so

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

on the periphery of conflicts to the heart of them. Yugoslavia, Chechnya, Rwanda and the entire Great Lakes region of Africa became particularly high-risk areas for aid workers. It was during the intervention in Somalia in 1992 that the interface between security, operational procedures and humanitarian principles became central for MdM. The political and security climate at the time confined NGOs to urban centres across Somalia, while the looting of humanitarian convoys

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs