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Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius

10 Sweden, military intervention and the loss of memory Annika Bergman Rosamond and Christine Agius Introduction Since the 1990s, Sweden has gradually changed from a neutral country to one that is ‘militarily non-aligned.’ It has taken active part in international peace operations under the command of NATO and the EU, and contributed forces to operations in Kosovo, Afghanistan and Libya. In 2015 Sweden also set aside resources to train Kurdish troops in Northern Iraq in the fight against ISIS (Dagens Nyheter 2015). At the 2014 NATO Summit in Warsaw, Sweden

in The politics of identity

This collection interrogates the representation of humanitarian crisis and catastrophe, and the refraction of humanitarian intervention and action, from the mid-twentieth century to the present, across a diverse range of media forms: traditional and contemporary screen media (film, television and online video) as well as newspapers, memoirs, music festivals and social media platforms (such as Facebook, YouTube and Flickr). The book thus explores the historical, cultural and political contexts that have shaped the mediation of humanitarian relationships since the middle of the twentieth century. Together, the chapters illustrate the continuities and connections, as well as the differences, which have characterised the mediatisation of both states of emergency and acts of amelioration. The authors reveal and explore the significant synergies between the humanitarian enterprise, the endeavour to alleviate the suffering of particular groups, and media representations, and their modes of addressing and appealing to specific publics. The chapters consider the ways in which media texts, technologies and practices reflect and shape the shifting moral, political, ethical, rhetorical, ideological and material dimensions of international humanitarian emergency and intervention, and have become integral to the changing relationships between organisations, institutions, governments, individual actors and entire sectors.

Case studies from Denmark and England

The inhabitants of most OECD countries tend to regard state intervention in the everyday lives of individual citizens and in society at large with certain scepticism. Health promotion is really not about curing diseases or even about preventing diseases. The overall aim of this book is to provide a critical understanding of current health promotion ideas and practices unfolding in liberal democracies. It identifies and discusses the merits and the limitations of the most influential political science and sociological analyses seeking to critically address contemporary politics of health. Foucault's analytics of power and government are discussed. The book then seeks to provide a solid understanding of the wider political context of health promotion in England and Denmark, examining obesity control in these regions. It also analyses how and why psychiatric patients, particularly those with chronic mental illness in England and Denmark, are urged to take charge of their mental illness with reference to the notion of rehabilitation. Key shifts in predominant forms of political rationalities and expert knowledge on how best to treat psychiatric patients are also analysed. Finally, the book examines how expert knowledge and political rationalities informed political interventions (policies, programmes, and technologies) in an attempt to promote rehabilitation along with increased implementation of community- based treatment. It summarizes the analytical findings regarding the governing of citizens through lifestyle and rehabilitation respectively. Further research is required on the politics of health promotion.

Abstract only
Peter Triantafillou and Naja Vucina

133 Conclusion In the preceding chapters, we have tried to show that contemporary health politics in England and Denmark has undergone a substantial mutation since the 1980s. Based on our analysis of obesity control and mental recovery, we found that health promotion strategies and interventions have supplemented and partially recast earlier curative and preventive approaches in both England and Denmark. On the one hand, it is clear that curative approaches, which focus on the identification, treatment, and elimination of clinically specified illness, and

in The politics of health promotion
Peter Triantafillou and Naja Vucina

pharmaceutical companies have conspired to exaggerate if not the prevalence then the negative health effects of obesity in order to boost the demand for their medical products. We do not engage with this argument as our concern here is with problematizing the kind of power exercised over or through citizens, not whether this power is legitimate (as in medically justified). 59 60 60     The politics of health promotion Others have pointed to the powerful effect of the quantified construct Body Mass Index (BMI) and its complicity in lending legitimacy to interventions in the

in The politics of health promotion
Towards epistemological infinitude?
Peter Triantafillou

7 Evidence-based policymaking: Towards epistemological infinitude? Introduction This chapter examines the evidence-based policy (EP) movement. It tries to map and understand how and why new experimental and statistical techniques for producing knowledge have spread from medicine to education, crime prevention, employment and other social areas. EP is perhaps the clearest movement away from the neoliberal concern over epistemological finitude. While van Mises, Hayek and Popper were all concerned with excessive state intervention because of the cognitive

in Neoliberal power and public management reforms
Elana Wilson Rowe

negotiated formally outside the Arctic Council, but in close conversation and celebration with the forum. So, why did some of the earlier suggestions and interests of the ‘largest’ Arctic state fail to carry more weight in this Arctic diplomatic setting? This chapter suggests that such failed or drifting ideas give us a good indication of the impact of norms  –​shared understandings of appropriate and inappropriate interventions and behaviour –​in shaping what is accepted as a legitimate statement or policy option in the Arctic Council. Understanding the ways in which

in Arctic governance
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Epistemological finitude or infinite freedom?
Peter Triantafillou

set of ideas or a more or less coherent ideology. Empirically, it is argued that contemporary neoliberalism is characterised by two distinct and partially conflicting problematisations of government, namely a critical one evolving around the danger of excessive state interventions and a constructivist one evolving around the question of how to facilitate, if not create, freedom. The first section discusses the principal ways in which neoliberalism has been addressed in political theory. It is argued that we find three principal ways of conceiving it: as a very loose

in Neoliberal power and public management reforms
The influence of bureaucracy, market and psychology
Author: Nanna Mik-Meyer

Since the 1990s, European welfare states have undergone substantial changes regarding their objectives, areas of intervention and instruments of use. There has been an increasing move towards the prioritisation of the involvement of citizens and the participation of civil society. This book focuses on the altered (powerful) conditions for encounters between citizens and welfare workers. It uses the concept of soft power, which, inter alia, allows for the investigations of the ways in which individuals manipulate each other in an effort to achieve their desired goals. The first part of the book discusses extracts from state-of-the-art research on professions and expertise, and the perception of power that guides the analyses. It also discusses the overall theoretical positioning when analysing encounters between welfare workers and citizens as co-productive and interactionist. The second part presents analyses to show how a bureaucratic context affects the encounter between administrators and clients, and how a market context affects the encounter between service providers and consumers/customers. The analysis of how a psychology-inspired context affects the encounter between coaches and coaches is also provided. All three contexts are to be perceived as Weberian ideal types, in other words, theoretical constructs based on observations of the real world. The concluding part of the book emphasises on the role of the principles of the bureaucracy, the norms from psychology, and the values of the market in the welfare encounter. Key points of the book are summarised in the conclusion.

Editors: Michael Holmes and Knut Roder

The financial crisis that erupted on both sides of the Atlantic in 2007–8 initially seemed to offer new political and economic opportunities to the left. As financial institutions collapsed, traditional left-wing issues were apparently back on the agenda. There was the prospect of a return to a more regulated economy, there was widespread state intervention to try to salvage failing banks, and it led to increased scrutiny of the wages and bonuses at the upper end of the scale. However, instead of being a trigger for a resurgence of the left, and despite a surge of support for new parties like SYRIZA and Podemos, in many European countries left-wing parties have suffered electoral defeat. At the same time, the crisis has led to austerity programmes being implemented across Europe, causing further erosion of the welfare state and pushing many into poverty. This timely book examines this crucial period for the left in Europe from a number of perspectives and addresses key questions including: How did political parties from the left respond to the crisis both programmatically and politically? What does the crisis mean for the relationship between the left and European integration? What does the crisis mean for socialism as an economic, political and social project? This collection focuses on a comparison between ten EU member states, and considers a range of different party families of the left, from social democracy through green left to radical left.