Dharwad have upward links into the state, they
access their ‘target populations’ through village leaders (larger landholders, gram panchayat (GP) members, anganwadi workers and teachers),
which may compromise their ability to channel resources to classes of
labour. NGO directors said that it was preferable to bring village leaders
onside because they facilitate interventions, and without their cooperation they may face obstruction and, at worst, exclusion from a village.
One NGO manager claimed that gifts were given to ‘the gram panchayat
people’ so that they could get