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Joanne Wilson and Lindsay Prior

surprising; previous years (1980 to 1987) had been marred by a prolonged economic recession, which saw living standards plummet, unemployment escalate (employment decreased by nearly 6% and 25% in manufacturing), and mass emigration rise (O’Donnell, 1998). Fearful of national insolvency and of a declining tax base, the document authors deployed an apparently objective and technical narrative of ‘efficiency’ to justify and legitimise real cuts in healthcare expenditure. They argued that the state was spending too much, given that more affluent countries were spending less

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Abstract only
Katherine Fennelly

as massive rural depopulation due to emigration, disease, and starvation (Woodham-Smith 1962 : 411). Migration from the countryside into major towns and cities was common; the famine and the privations of its aftermath also led to mass emigration from Ireland to England and the United States. The famine had an impact on the supply of food to public asylums, as well as placing great strain on the asylum system in general. The main staple of the public asylum patient’s diet in Ireland was the potato. A typical diet consisted of oatmeal for breakfast, potatoes with

in An archaeology of lunacy
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

than the perception of danger. As plague spread, municipal leaders in Hong 47 Angharad Fletcher Kong fell increasingly under pressure to act decisively. Global scrutiny and the potential introduction of international quarantine rules threatened the colony’s economy, which depended on trade. This and the danger of mass emigration by the colony’s transient labour pool were enough to prompt extensive alterations to municipal systems. Cities like Hong Kong are of significance because, as imperial hubs of trade and transportation networks, they were amongst the first

in Colonial caring