Children of Men: the limits of
Children of Men (2006) is Alfonso Cuarón’s greatest filmic achievement to date and constitutes an auteurist statement in the way that
it demands that its director be taken seriously. It addresses weighty
issues and sets out to provide an account of the most pressing
problems facing humanity: environmental destruction (symbolised by
infertility), massmigration, and the tyranny within democratic states.
It has its own specific look and applies a grimy desaturated realist
aesthetic to a fantasy premise: the fact that
The ethics and politics of memory in an age of mass culture
century when two developments radically changed the conditions and
contours of memory in American culture. Modernisation and
industrialisation sparked an unprecedented movement of peoples across
the globe, while the birth of the cinema and other technological
innovations led to the emergence of a truly mass culture. In the context
of massmigrations, memory would be required to play a crucial new role
Conflict, media and displacement in the twenty-first century
Kirsten Forkert, Federico Oliveri, Gargi Bhattacharyya and Janna Graham
recent years conflicts, in particular in Syria,
have been represented as of interest to Western audiences
because they result in ‘massmigrations’ towards Europe,
producing the so-called ‘refugee crisis’.
3. Where direct Western intervention has been a central
factor (Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya), mainstream media
have often presented conflicts as resulting from the
How media and conflicts make migrants
failures of ‘great men’. In the UK much coverage of the
Iraq War returns to the allegedly flawed character of Tony
Blair and his personal responsibility for the
and grew in popularity in the 1930s and 1940s with massmigration
to the cities. For more information on ranchera music, see
Broyles-González ( 2002 ).
See Chapter 3 for analysis of
Pedro Almodóvar’s use of this song.
Her rendition of ‘Tú me
. The perils of a historical massmigration are raised in
Maria’s accounts of life in a village where so many young men were
forced to emigrate to escape poverty-stricken lives.
Crossing boundaries, in other words the physical act of
crossing or of being faced with a political boundary inscribed in the
landscape, is a process that is both symbolically and affectively linked
to the topics of ongoing
The War on Terror and the resurgence of hillbilly horror after 9/11
guy Henry Fonda to affirm the validity of the
New Deal, rejecting in the process any less American (i.e. communistic) solutions. As the massmigration of some three million Appalachian people to the mid-Atlantic and mid-Western cities of the 1950s
threatened to undermine Cold War pretensions to cultural homogeneity and national stability, moreover, television stepped into the breach:
with programmes like The Real McCoys (1957) Americanising the Appalachian in its tale of West Virginia farmers seeking a new life in
California. It was a strategy echoed throughout the
others, 22 September 2015.
11 Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, January 2007: ‘Global warming poses a
dire threat to human civilization that is second only to nuclear weapons.
Through flooding and desertification, climate change threatens the habitats
and agricultural resources that societies depend upon for survival. As such,
climate change is also likely to contribute to massmigrations and even to
wars over arable land, water, and other natural resources.’ http://
relationship between Britain’s post-imperial history and the institutional
history of public service television. ‘Black’ communities come together
in this discussion because of their shared post-colonial histories and the
massmigration journeys that many embarked on after the Second World
War. These communities have also remained at the forefront of debates
about screen diversity, but have also traditionally been under-served as
audiences and excluded as practitioners. The collection brings together a
range of scholars who insist on foregrounding the
discriminatory ends, or efforts to create a politics of liberation, the ghetto has an iconic role in shaping the representation of
African American life.
The ‘iconic ghetto’ in Britain
The UK is not subject to the same kind of residential segregation as in
the USA, although there are patterns of concentration of ethnic minorities in particular locations, based on discrimination. Massmigration
of those minorities from the colonies only began in earnest after the
Second World War when, owing to the loss of millions of men, Britain
was in desperate need of workers. During this
rhythms of the Rastafarian communities that had been flourishing on the island from the 1930s (Bradley 2000 ). Over time, this musical form morphed from ska into rocksteady and eventually reggae (Bradley 2000 ).
Reggae was almost exclusively concentrated within Jamaica at first. The country's island status and the low geographical mobility of reggae's ghetto-bound enthusiasts constrained diffusion. Reggae had no means of traversing geographical space. However, massmigration to the UK during the 1950s and 1960s, instigated by a UK government keen to tackle