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Polish migrants in the Irish labour market

3 From ‘boom to bust’: Polish migrants in the Irish labour market This chapter locates mass migration from Poland in the broader Irish labour market context at the beginning of the twenty-first century. It shows how an unprecedented economic boom in conjunction with an open labour market policy in 2004 triggered large-scale migration from Poland and elsewhere. We first outline how in the later boom years, Ireland had a goldrush labour market in which an apparently infinite demand for labour was met by an apparently infinite supply of labour. We then demonstrate

in New mobilities in Europe
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New mobilities in the new Europe

circumstances’ (Massey et al., 1998: 10) coincided that triggered a wave of mass migration. However, we are likely to see continuous travel and two-way traffic between the two countries as the Polish–Irish migration system remains in place. In fact, new linkages, including business connections and tourism, may emerge in the future as the two countries become more connected in the context of large-scale migration flows (Hennessy, 2011). There is little doubt that Polish migration has left a lasting impact on Irish society. In spite of the recession and rising unemployment, the

in New mobilities in Europe
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main findings and reflect upon the merits of a QPS to study the mobility patterns of migrants. We argue that a QPS is well-suited to study the mobility behaviour of migrants and to document how their experiences can change over time. Our interview sample was confined to a relatively small number of Polish migrants in Ireland. However, we suggest that their mobility patterns are indicative of a broader trend across Europe. While the mass migration that ensued post-2004 was quite exceptional in its scale, especially younger and more educated Europeans increasingly make

in New mobilities in Europe
A Qualitative Panel Study and workplace studies

’. As we intended to study both sides of the employment relationship, we further carried out interviews with employers and managers in those sectors in which our migrant respondents were employed. We thus adopted an actor-centred research strategy that examined the choices of both sides at the micro-level. These choices, however, can only be properly understood if the broader socio-economic context is taken into account. Hence, we outline in the next chapter the particular conjuncture that provided the context for Polish mass migration to Ireland: an unprecedented

in New mobilities in Europe
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Public ownership in urgent political perspective

in the United States and much of Europe is once again shifting importantly, throwing up new challenges to which public ownership may in part be a solution. In a turbulent new era marked by wars, mass migrations, fiscal retrenchment, decaying social protection, terrorism, financial instability, rampant inequality, and looming ecological calamity, once again understanding the possibilities, pitfalls, and potential applications of public ownership will be critical to making sense of – and coming to grips with – a world in kaleidoscopic motion. Written off for so long

in Our common wealth

by the Ottomans, creating a new vilayet of Kosovo.1 The general deterioration in religious relations was heightened by mass expulsions in ‘Muslim lands taken over by Serbia, Bulgaria and Montenegro in 1877–8’.2 These mass migrations from parts of Serbia were coupled with the movement of refugees into and the emigration of Serbs out of Kosovo. At the international level, the influence of the Ottoman Turks continued to decline, while new Slav nationalist movements sprung up in the South Balkans, producing a general sense of unease in the region. In short, the

in Contemporary violence
Technologies of mobility and transnational lives

reinforced each other. There is little doubt that without fast-expanding air travel, mass migration between Ireland and Poland would not have occurred on the same scale. However, it was of course not only the availability of low-cost air travel but also the changed regulatory environment after 2004 which created a new experience of mobility. As recalled by Filip: I do remember how I used to fly, I don’t know, to England, these humiliating experiences on the border. For me it is a big, big change … And now I’m flying to London next month and I know it will be kind of (like

in New mobilities in Europe
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Europe and its Muslim minorities

most of all in extremist (and mainstream) discourses that inflame and stoke anti-Muslim attitudes and thus allow the Union to slide to the right.129 All the above evokes doomsday forecasts, particularly because Muslim and Arab population growth in the countries of origin which is presently described as uncontrolled might be checked, but only by 2050. With millions of youngsters only now entering their prime childbearing years, their progeny will inevitably resort to mass migration, most probably to Europe. In ‘What defines us – how we believe?’ TIME magazine

in Haunted presents
What we can learn from Marquandism in the making and unmaking of social democrats

of growth are shared, than the effect of that growth on the planet and therefore people. In short, there is no limit to how big the worker’s flat screen TV should be for a social democrat. There are two problems with this. First climate change always affects the poor most. Their houses tend to be in places that flood, they are more likely to be affected by droughts and crop failures that lead to both rising prices and mass migration, to the detriment of the poor who are moving, and the poor in places they move to, and they tend to live nearer roads and industrial

in Making social democrats

Both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland are relative newcomers to the superdiversity associated with the contemporary age of mass migration. 4 As a result, the discourse of social inclusion is relatively underdeveloped. In particular, there is a lack of understanding of the processes through which younger members of ethnic and religious minorities negotiate their positions in contemporary Irish society. For young migrants and members of ethnic minority communities, negotiation of inclusion in contemporary Ireland can be a challenging process. Young

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands