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Hilary M. Carey

created by mass migration; the second section considers the role of colonial missionary societies in promoting religion and imperial loyalty; the third looks at the characteristics of clerical migrants to the Australian colonies of New South Wales (NSW) and Victoria as their numbers peaked in the 1880s and 1890s; the final section looks at the development of colonial religious nationalism, typically

in Empire, migration and identity in the British world
The aftermath
Lucy P. Chester

preliminary probes of their determination convincingly, Sikh militants may have taken this inaction as a signal that the British would not act forcefully to stop them if they took matters into their own hands. When the violence came, it prompted mass migration in both directions. Mountbatten’s press secretary, Alan Campbell-Johnson, accompanied the viceroy on a trip taken with Nehru and Patel to view the mass

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
The development of the Indo-Pakistani borderlands
Lucy P. Chester

and separated the region’s inhabitants. The burgeoning field of borderlands studies has only recently begun to deal in detail with Punjab. This chapter builds on recent work in other borderlands, particularly scholarship on Bengal, to describe and analyse the development of the Punjabi boundary and the territory surrounding it. Beginning with the violence and mass migration

in Borders and conflict in South Asia
The Church of England and the Expansion of the Settler Empire, c. 1790–1860
Author: Joseph Hardwick

When members of that oft-maligned institution, the Anglican Church – the 'Tory Party at prayer' – encountered the far-flung settler empire, they found it a strange and intimidating place. Anglicanism's conservative credentials seemed to have little place in developing colonies; its established status, secure in England, would crumble in Ireland and was destined never to be adopted in the 'White Dominions'. By 1850, however, a global ‘Anglican Communion’ was taking shape. This book explains why Anglican clergymen started to feel at home in the empire. Between 1790 and 1860 the Church of England put in place structures that enabled it to sustain a common institutional structure and common set of beliefs across a rapidly-expanding ‘British world’. Though Church expansion was far from being a regulated and coordinated affair, the book argues that churchmen did find ways to accommodate Anglicans of different ethnic backgrounds and party attachments in a single broad-based ‘national’ colonial Church. The book details the array of institutions, voluntary societies and inter-colonial networks that furnished the men and money that facilitated Church expansion; it also sheds light on how this institutional context contributed to the formation of colonial Churches with distinctive features and identities. The colonial Church that is presented in this book will be of interest to more than just scholars and students of religious and Church history. The book shows how the colonial Church played a vital role in the formation of political publics and ethnic communities in a settler empire that was being remoulded by the advent of mass migration, democracy and the separation of Church and state.

John M. MacKenzie

Highlands and in Australia, emigrant letters, and case studies in what he called ‘precipitate mass migration’. He was also able to develop his major new study entitled ‘The Origins of Modern Migration’. At the end of his visit, he did some more research in the Stafford Record Office. Eric is often to be found ‘on the wing’ to his many international academic assignments, so it is

in Imperial expectations and realities
Daniel Gorman

followed throughout the Commonwealth. While the British Nationality Act did facilitate large-scale colonial emigration to Britain, the Act in fact acknowledged the existence of multiple citizenships within the Commonwealth as opposed to creating a single Commonwealth (imperial) citizenship. The mass migration to Britain of non-white subjects, a process

in Imperial citizenship
Sunil S. Amrith

lands of origin and with their counterparts settled elsewhere. 6 In C. A. Bayly’s view, the study of transnational history is inextricable from the study of diasporas, since they act as conduits of capital, cultural practice, trust and information; diaspora networks have been at least as important as states and official agencies in stimulating mass migration in the modern world. 7 As expansive and ethnically diverse

in Writing imperial histories
Abstract only
Tamson Pietsch

of feeling, closeness of friendship and access to power. By paying attention to the nature and reach of academic connections, this study shows that the ‘world’ of British academia included the universities of the settler colonies. Thus, although it invokes Carl Bridge and Kent Fedorowich’s concept of a ‘trans-oceanic British world’ that included the colonies ‘set going’ by mass migration from Britain

in Empire of scholars
Abstract only
Panikos Panayi

, but also, because of the growth of the railway, transported Germans to emigration ports, such as Bremen and Hamburg. The main function of these ports was facilitating transatlantic mass migration. 22 Nevertheless, for much of the nineteenth century Germans on their way to the USA passed through Great Britain, which played a major role as a point of transhipment. This helped the development of

in The Germans in India
Dakar between garden city and cité-jardin
Liora Bigon

that characterised Howard’s vision and his famous sketches, he actually planned for class differences. The garden city was presented as a usable alternative to the contemporary overgrowth of urban industrial centres, which included mass migration from the countryside, the deterioration of sanitary conditions, slums, extreme poverty and crime. Each garden city – also called a

in Garden cities and colonial planning