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The French search mission for the corpses of deportees in Germany, 1946–58

mourning rituals in France during the Second World War, see nonetheless: D. Voldman & L. Capdevila, Nos morts: les sociétés occidentales face aux tués de la guerre, XIXe–XXe siècles (Paris: Payot, 2002).  8 H. Krausnick, Hitlers Einsatzgruppen: die Truppe des Weltanschauungs­ krieges, 1938–1942 (Frankfurt am Main: Fischer, 1985); H. C. Earl, The Nuremberg SS-Einsatzgruppen Trial, 1945–1958 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009).  9 The mission’s research activities have been very briefly discussed in J.-M. Dreyfus, ‘Conflits de mémoires autour du cimetière de B

in Human remains and mass violence
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Corpses and mass violence: an inventory of the unthinkable

’Neill, Genocide, Truth, Memory and Representation; Hinton, Annihilating Difference. F. Etxeberria, L. H. Erlogorri & Antxon Bandres, El cementerio de las botellas: enterramientos de presos republicanos en el monte Ezkaba (1942–1945) (San Sebastian: Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi, 2011). J.-M. Dreyfus, ‘Conflits de mémoires autour du cimetière de B ­ ergen-​ Belsen’, Vingtième Siècle: Revue d’Histoire, 90 (2006), pp. 73–87; A. Korb, Im Schatten des Weltkriegs: Massengewalt der Ustaša gegen Serben, Juden und Roma in Kroatien 1941–1945 (Hamburg: Hamburg Edition, 2013). C. Fournet

in Human remains and mass violence
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Machines of mass incineration in fact, fiction, and forensics

, the identification of Birkenau with hell was obvious. Landau quickly internalized the Christian view. Later in her memoir she described the nighttime scene during the Hungarian Action, when the crematoria ovens were overloaded and bodies were also burnt on large pyres, in terms that literally evoke the traditional iconography of the infernal part of the afterlife. The association with the medieval image of hell was direct: Every chimney was disgorging flames. Smoke burst from the holes and the ditches, swirling, swaying, and coiling above our heads. Sparks and

in Destruction and human remains
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How grave robbers, activists, and foreigners ended official silence about Stalin’s mass graves near Kiev

. 46–7. Ibid., pp. 57–8; Lysenko, Bykivnia, p. 30. Bazhan, Pam”iat’ Bykivni, pp. 64–5. These rich materials are still largely unavailable for research. Kiselev, ‘Tragicheskaia pravda’. This memoir errs in calling the chairman Vasylyshyn and in asserting that the commission produced no official report. Compare ‘Povidomlennia Uriadovoï komisiï, stvorenoï rishenniam Rady Ministriv URSR vid 24 hrudnia 1987 roku’, Radians’ka Ukraïna, 16 April 1989. Kiselev, ‘Tragicheskaia pravda’; Bazhan, Pam”iat’ Bykivni, p. 77. For the quotation, see Savtsov, ‘Lis shumyt’ taiemnytseiu

in Human remains and identification
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Victim, witness and evidence of mass violence

nombre des morts, c’est réduire le nombre des vivants ayant existé, soutenir leur disparition et non inscrire leur mort. La réduction du nombre des morts ne serait plus alors à entendre comme le paramètre d’un désastre plus ou moins grand mais bien comme une manière détournée de continuer à faire disparaître le plus de personnes possibles des ayant-été-vivants pour qu’elles disparaissent également des mémoires. Car comment pourrait-on se souvenir de personnes n’ayant jamais existé et comment celui qui n’a pas d’antécédent pourrait-il exister à son tour? D’où viendrait

in Human remains and mass violence