-fiction, however, represents a different set of priorities
In the 1960s and 1970s, as fictional techniques in non-fiction became more
popular in the United States (with the rise of New Journalism and the non-fiction
novel), the use of dialogue, characterisation, description and such in non-fiction
became more standard. As the memoir form itself became more popular in the
United States in the 1980s, the emphasis on telling the stories of others shifted to
include telling one’s own personal stories.Australian non-fictionist Mark Tredinnick
Times show that the suppression of the Ordnance Survey Memoir in 1840 in
Ireland was clearly understood as a way of denying a subjected people access
to their history and identity. Postmodern artists, such as Jimmie Durham in the
United States and Tim Robinson/Drever, have drawn on the concept of the map
Figure 24 To the Sun (oil on canvas, 1969, Timothy Drever).
as a highly subversive force, calling attention to other cultural views ignored if not
totally destroyed under the colonial regimes of the past.
One of the consistent
Postcolonialism and ecology in the work of Tim Robinson
Maher (ed.), Cultural Perspectives on Globalisation
and Ireland (Bern: Peter Lang, 2009), 11–30, and Cronin, ‘Speed Limits: Ireland,
Globalisation and the War against Time’, in Peadar Kirby, Luke Gibbons and
Michael Cronin (eds), Reinventing Ireland: Culture, Society and the Global Economy
(London: Pluto Press, 2002), 54–66. More recently, see Eóin Flannery, ‘Ecology,
Memory and Speed in John McGahern’s Memoir’, Irish University Review 42:2
54 Robinson, ‘A Land without Shortcuts’, 41.
55 Robinson, ‘A Land without Shortcuts’, 40.
56 Ryden, Mapping
The deep mapping projects of Tim Robinson’s art and writings, 1969–72
, the discursive and the sensual; the conflation of oral testimony,
anthology, memoir, biography, natural history and everything you might ever want to
say about a place.34
A more recent and comprehensive account of the history of deep mapping is
offered by the visual artist and scholar Iain Biggs, where he notes that the term
deep mapping with regards to its origins and praxis has now become associated
with two distinct types of place-based practice. In North America (and in environmental circles) deep mapping usually refers to ‘an environmentally oriented