conclusion reached by Bruno Rappaport, author
of one such memoir, is particularly interesting: he noticed that ‘the first
hour on the clock of the Great Emigration’ struck when the German
army took Warsaw in August 1915. Rappaport acknowledged that,
even though forced migration had already occurred much earlier, the
takeover of the city, symbolising the severing of the refugees’ ties to
their patrimony, could be seen as its formal beginning. When refugees
became separated from Warsaw by the front line moving westwards,
they became ‘a part of the national organism which had
and Connecticut says it all.
For his part, Paul Wolfowitz lamented Reagan’s departure and was ambivalent about Bush’s ascension. The new president nominated Dick Cheney, a
colleague from the Ford administration, to serve as his Secretary of Defense.
Cheney recalled Wolfowitz from Indonesia to serve as his Undersecretary of
Defense for Policy. In his memoir In My Time, Cheney recalled: ‘Paul had
the ability to offer new perspectives on old problems. He was also persistent. On more than one occasion, I sent him on his way after I had rejected
a piece of advice or
historians and volunteers from
youth groups. These memoirs cover the period from the refugees’ mass
departure in 1915 to their return home, by which time an independent Poland had come into existence. It is important to keep in mind the
context in which this source material was collected.7
Another important source is the memoir of the Belarusian public
figure, writer and historian F.A. Kudrinskii (1867–1933): a native of Vilna
province, he was himself a refugee. He helped refugees in Rogachev,
Mogilev province, through which around 700,000 refugees passed in
the course of
the Office for Special Political Affairs, Aide-Memoir from the British
Government to the Acting Secretary-General, 13 December 1961.
90 GPL, BAA/RLAA/496, ‘16th Session of the United Nations General Assembly,
1961’: Newspaper Clippings (United Nations), Bureau of African Affairs, ‘Wire report’,
Reuters (15 December 1961).
91 NAL, PREM11/3168, Telegram from UK Delegation to the UN, 12 December 1961.
92 UNA, S-209–0018–12 United Kingdom, ONUC Records on Foreign Countries,
Records of the Office for Special Political Affairs, Aide-Memoir from the British
's work”’ (Lloyd 2007 : 699). See, for example, Gillian
Rose's ( 1995 ) phenomenology of love in
her philosophical memoir, Love's Work , and Vincent
Lloyd's ( 2011, 2008, 2007 ) discussion of
the place of love in Rose's writings.
For a discussion of ‘teaching as a form of
the enemy? The role of the back-channel in the development of the Northern
Ireland peace process’, Contemporary British History, 29:3 (2015), 401–20.
23 For Mitchell’s own analysis of his role, see G. J. Mitchell, Making Peace (New York:
Random House, 1999); G. J. Mitchell, The Negotiator: A Memoir (New York: Simon
& Schuster, 2015), pp. 239–54.
24 Vallacher et al., ‘Rethinking intractable conflict’.
COOPERATION THEORY AND THE NI PEACE PROCESS
25 This point is stressed by Landon Hancock in ‘Peace from the people: Identity
Salience and the Northern Ireland
the cities and communities that had been rebuilt, thereby
crowding out any other images. The refugees of the First World War
appeared marginally in the work of Andreas Kossert and other scholars.2
As to those East Prussians who were transported to Russia, except for
contemporaneous publications, only a memoir with an introduction and
commentary by Lothar Kölm is available.3 There is likewise a lack of an
appraisal of the reaction in German politics to the events of 1914. What,
for example, caused the government to transfer the then governor of the
vapros, p. 9.
42 P. Mojzes, Balkan Genocides: Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing in the Twentieth
Century (New York: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011).
43 V. Sekiranova, ‘Preselenieto’ ili prehodat kym nova kulturna sreda – stereotip i
adaptatsia’, in Todor Mishev, Istoriya na Sarafovo, 1913–1922 (Sofia: KorektA,
2007), p. 312.
44 Memoir of Atanas Todorov Vasilev, born 1904, in the village of Maglen, Syar
region (Aegean Macedonia), in S. Paskova (ed.), Po sledite na belia vyatar:
Spomeni na egeyskite bezhantsi ot Dramska, Syarska i Zilyahovska okolia
87 Nicola Migliorino (Re)constructing Armenia in Lebanon and Syria: Ethnocultural Diversity (New York: Berghahn, 2008), pp. 31, 69; Juliane Hammer,
Palestinians Born in Exile: Diaspora and the Search for a Homeland (Austin,
TX: University of Texas Press, 2009), pp. 62–3.
88 Cahit Öztelli, Evlerinin Önü: Türküler (Istanbul: Özgür, 2002), p. 776.
89 A recent, candid memoir of an Ottoman civil servant includes many explicit
and implicit references to trauma. Figen Taşkın and Mustafa Yeni (eds),
Bahaeddin Demir Aydın, ‘Muhacir Olmak da Varmış’: Rumelili Bir Kalem
The changing view of Germany in Anglo-American geopolitics
. Wolkersdorfer , ‘ Karl Haushofer and geopolitics: the history of a German mythos ’, Geopolitics , 4 : 3 ( 1999 ), pp. 145–60, at p. 152 .
3 H. Wanklyn , Friedrich Ratzel: A Biographical Memoir and Bibliography ( Cambridge : Cambridge University Press , 1961 ).
4 E. Churchill Semple , Influences of Geographic Environment on the Basis of Ratzel’s System of Anthropo-geography ( London : Constable , 1911 ), preface.
5 J. Herbst , The German Historical School in American Scholarship: A Study in the Transfer of Culture ( Ithaca : Cornell University Press