for a regular salt tax
which had precipitated rebellion in Ghent in 1447.
Olivier de la Marche,
Mémoires , i, pp. 487–504
[De la Marche begins by
describing how the Pope had sent a knight to Duke Philip to
report on the sack of Constantinople in May 1453: how the church
M. Jones (ed. and trans.), Philippe
de Commynes. Mémoires. The reign of Louis XI
(Harmondsworth, 1970); R. Van Uytven, ‘La conjoncture
commerciale et industrielle aux Pays-Bas bourguignons: une
récapitulation’, in Duvosquel et al. (eds),
Les Pays-Bas bourguignons , pp.
year of my visit … The famine was the worst which had ever
been known, and it was followed by a dreadful plague which
devastated many places.
Olivier de la Marche, ‘L’estat de la maison du duc
Charles’, in H. Beaune and J. d’Arbaumont (eds),
Olivier de La Marche: Mémoires , 4 vols (Paris,
1883–88), iv, pp. 1
Fleece , in Mémoires , ed.
Beaune and d’Arbaumont, iv, pp. 158–89.
My sovereign lord, 49 my prince
and master, I, Olivier, lord of la Marche, unworthy first chief
steward of your noble household, place in your noble hand, as
chief of the Order of the Golden Fleece, this epistle which I
have written for the reasons set out below
657 and 661. L. Levillain, Examen critique des chartes
mérovingiennes et carolingiennes de l’abbaye
de Corbie. Mémoires et documents publiés par
la société de l’Ecole des
Chartes (Paris, 1902 ), pp.
213–18; a charter by Clothar III from 661 exempting Corbie
from paying tolls ( ibid ., pp. 218–20); and a charter
116 Remission granted to Guillaume le
Févre, bourgeois of Paris and fishmonger, giving the
false reasons the Parisians revolted against the
D. F. Secousse, Recueil de
pièces servant de preuves aux mémoires sur les
Troubles excités en France par Charles II dit le Mauvais, Roi
de Navarre et comte d’Evreux (Paris, 1755), 2 vols., I
Pierre Salmon, Memoires , ed J. A. C. Buchon (Collection
des Chroniques Nationales Françaises, xxiv, 1826 ),
The biblical allusion is to Joshua 2.i. The
two sons of the earl of Arundel had been committed on 12 October
1397 to the custody of the dukes of Exeter and Norfolk ( CPR
The story of Joan of Arc has continued to elicit an extraordinary range of reactions throughout almost six centuries since her death. Joan of Arc was a visionary and a holy woman who claimed to be guided by God through the medium of angels and saints. Joan's enemies also tried to use her military achievements against her, denying that God would really condone such bloodshed and warfare, or even encourage the people of France to abandon their oaths to support the Treaty of Troyes. The capture and death of Joan of Arc had little direct impact on English fortunes during the war, which had reached deadlock. The accomplishments of Joan of Arc are remarkable, given that she had to overcome the significant cultural and social prejudices of a medieval society that valued men more highly than women.