Young people in migrant worker families in Ireland
to their homeland. In 2002, just
under 6 per cent of the total population usually resident in Ireland had non-
Irish nationality (Ruhs, 2006). By 2006, that proportion had grown to over 10
per cent (CSO, 2008) of a total population that had itself risen by 8 per cent
since 2002 (CSO, 2007). Thus, the increase in the share of the population with
non-Irish nationality was primarily due to migration.
In relation to children and young people, Taguma, Kim, Wurzburg et al.
(2009) estimate that approximately 10 per cent of children in primary
had significantly limited uptake within the broader horticultural sector (Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, 2010).
1 FTE = one employee working full-time. It allows the calculation of comparable
statistics in a sector where people work varying hours per week.
The Seasonal Horticulture Workers Scheme was established to run from 2001 to
2009 and targeted students from Eastern and Central Europe (Bord Bia, 2007).
Personal Public Service Numbers – Allocation By Nationality – All Countries
, standardise maps so that landowners could
document the wealth of their landowning and Parliament could more accurately
collect taxes.20 One of the lasting consequences of the surveying process was
the replacement of Irish place names with anglicised versions. The Ordnance
Survey could be considered one of the most influential intellectual endeavours
in nineteenth-century Ireland, and one that had lasting effects on nationality, language and colonial history.21 In this regard, maps are cultural constructs shaped
not only by those who create them, but also by those who
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
production is embedded.
Drawing on the Polanyian thesis, scholars have critiqued the notion of the
firm as an abstracted global actor, and have sought to contextualise it within a
set of political and social institutions. Pauly and Reich, for example, emphasise
the enduring nationality of the firm, arguing that this reflects ‘durable
national institutions and distinctive ideological traditions’ (1997: 1). Razeen
Sally’s (1994) institutional approach to the multinational enterprise, similarly
explores the embeddedness of multinationals in broader networks of social