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A global history

In this book scholars from across the globe investigate changes in ‘society’ and ‘nation’ over time through the lens of immunisation. Such an analysis unmasks the idea of vaccination as a simple health technology and makes visible the social and political complexities in which vaccination programmes are embedded. The collection of essays gives a comparative overview of immunisation at different times in widely different parts of the world and under different types of political regime. Core themes in the chapters include immunisation as an element of state formation; citizens’ articulation of seeing (or not seeing) their needs incorporated into public health practice; allegations that development aid is inappropriately steering third-world health policies; and an ideological shift that treats vaccines as marketable and profitable commodities rather than as essential tools of public health. Throughout, the authors explore relationships among vaccination, vaccine-making, and the discourses and debates on citizenship and nationhood that have accompanied mass vaccination campaigns. The thoughtful investigations of vaccination in relation to state power, concepts of national identify (and sense of solidarity) and individual citizens’ sense of obligation to self and others are completed by an afterword by eminent historian of vaccination William Muraskin. Reflecting on the well-funded global initiatives which do not correspond to the needs of poor countries, Muraskin asserts that an elite fraternity of self-selected global health leaders has undermined the United Nations system of collective health policy determination by launching global disease eradication and immunisation programmes over the last twenty years.

Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

More than just passing the time
Martin Atherton

members ‘significant others’ finds its most compelling evidence. Without the sense of identity and purpose that members of the deaf community have shared, the idea of a Deaf Nation could not have found support from the very heart of the community. Once the idea of a shared community was established, members of the community found a common identity. In some ways, it was almost inevitable that ideas of nationhood would eventually follow once the deaf community gained control over certain aspects of their lives and through this self-determination became more assertive in

in Deafness, community and culture in Britain
Abstract only
A window on the deaf world
Martin Atherton

nationhood’. Newspapers are important in this process as they help to shape and inform opinions and create feelings of shared identity amongst their readers. However, the transmission of identity as performed by newspapers is not a one-way process. The way in which stories are reported can also be influenced by issues of identity that arise from the target readerships.7 As well as creating and transmitting culturally defining information, newspapers record events and opinions that are derived from their readerships. On a number of geographical levels, whether local

in Deafness, community and culture in Britain
The cultural construction of opposition to immunisation in India
Niels Brimnes

Rajagopalachari could accept being treated like American Indians or ‘dependent communities’! One of Rajagopalachari's many correspondents made the point even clearer: ‘The Britishers would never have done it, not even in Kenya’. 77 BCG was again seen as an act of betrayal, this time against the newly won nationhood. Immunisation as neo-colonial conspiracy After the BCG controversy died down towards the end of the 1950s, the following

in The politics of vaccination
Martin Atherton

. 17–20 Padden, ‘The deaf community and deaf culture’, p. 43 Ladd, ‘The modern deaf community’ pp. 37–38 Examples of this debate are given in Padden and Humphreys, Deaf in America, pp. 112–114; L.J. Davis, Enforcing normalcy: disability, deafness and the body (London: Verso, 1995), pp. 73–99 Alker, D., ‘The realities of nationhood’, Deaf Worlds 18, 3 (2002), pp. 79–82; S.D Emery, ‘The Deaf Nation, five years on’, Deaf Worlds 18, 2 (2002), pp. 103–104; P. Ladd, ‘Emboldening the deaf nation’, Deaf Worlds 18, 3 (2002), pp. 88–95; Lawson, ‘Do we want one or multiple deaf

in Deafness, community and culture in Britain
Open Access (free)
Paul Greenough
Stuart Blume
, and
Christine Holmberg

awkward intrusion into healthy bodies, have at different times and places strengthened or weakened social cohesion. This book's eleven chapters and afterword document key campaigns against major infections since 1800 (but mostly after 1950) in Europe, South and East Asia, West Africa and the Americas. Throughout, the authors explore relationships among vaccination, vaccine-making and the discourses and debates on citizenship and nationhood that

in The politics of vaccination
Full text access
The sanitary control of Muslim pilgrims from the Balkans, 1830–1914
Christian Promitzer

the bubonic plague: 1710–1871’, Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 28, 1973, 15–23. 52 Mary Neuburger, The Orient Within: Muslim Minorities and the Negotiation of Nationhood in Modern Bulgaria, Ithaca, NY, Cornell University Press, 2004; cf. for Serbia, Dietmar Müller, Staatsbürger auf Widerruf: Juden und Muslime als Alteritätspartner im rumänischen und serbischen Nationscode. Ethnonationale Staatsbürgerschaftskonzepte 1878–1941, Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz, 2005 (Balkanologische Veröffentlichungen 41). 53 Milica Bakić-Hayden, ‘Nesting orientalisms

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
Abstract only
Krista Maglen

, ‘Four Nations History in Perspective,’ in Brocklehurst, Helen and Phillips, Robert (eds), History, Nationhood and the Question of Britain (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004), 10–19. 23 Roxanne Lynn Doty, ‘Immigration and National Identity: Constructing the Nation,’ Review of International Studies, 22, 3 (1996), 235–55, p. 242. 24 Keith Robbins, ‘The “British Space”: World-Empire-Continent-NationRegion-Locality: A Historiographical Problem,’ History Compass, 7, 1 (2009), 66–94, p. 69. 25 Ian Convery, John Welshmand and Alison Bashford, ‘Where Is the Border?: Screening

in The English System
Open Access (free)
Benoît Majerus
Joris Vandendriessche

University Press , 2019) ; M . van Ginderachter and M . Beyen , Nationhood from Below: Europe in the Long Nineteenth Century ( Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan , 2012) . 29 J. Vandendriessche , ‘ Turning journals into encyclopaedias: medical editorship and reprinting in

in Medical histories of Belgium