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Greer Vanderbyl
John Albanese
, and
Hugo F. V. Cardoso

The sourcing of cadavers for North American skeletal reference collections occurred immediately after death and targeted the poor and marginalised. In Europe, collections sourced bodies that were buried and unclaimed after some time in cemeteries with no perpetual care mandate, and may have also targeted the underprivileged. The relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and abandonment was examined in a sample of unclaimed remains (603 adults and 98 children) collected from cemeteries in the city of Lisbon, Portugal, that were incorporated in a collection. Results demonstrate that low SES individuals are not more likely to be abandoned nor to be incorporated in the collection than higher SES individuals. Furthermore, historical data indicate that the poorest were not incorporated into the collection, because of burial practices. Although the accumulation of collections in North America was facilitated by structural violence that targeted the poor and marginalised, this phenomenon seems largely absent in the Lisbon collection.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
War remains and the politics of commemoration in the wake of the Asia-Pacific War
Beatrice Trefalt

In January 1955, an official mission departed Japan for New Guinea to collect remains of the war dead and to erect commemorative monuments to fallen soldiers. Just before its departure, a diplomatic contretemps arose about the English wording on the Japanese stones: the Japanese government considered them memorials to the dead, whereas the Australian government insisted that they be mere geographical markers noting the search for remains. This article examines how the divergent politics of commemoration in Japan and Australia created this dispute, demonstrating how the remains of soldiers functioned as important signifiers well beyond their material existence. In Japan, the search for remains spoke to the nature of national duty, the acknowledgement of mourning and the possibilities for atonement. In Australia, however, they stimulated visceral resentment, because the soldiers’ remains symbolised Japanese aggression and war crimes.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Actions for the missing: scientific and vernacular forms of war dead accounting
Tâm T. T. Ngô
Sarah Wagner

This special issue examines Asian experiences of war and mass death in the previous century, with case studies from China, Japan, Korea and Vietnam (North and South, among its diaspora and across multiple generations). In this introduction we highlight several of the wider analytical interventions offered by the articles: (1) the spatiopolitical dynamics of war dead accounting in which forms of vernacular forensic expertise interact with and inform internationally honed, empirically grounded practices of exhumation and identification; (2) the complex hierarchy of authority over remains that structures programmes of war dead accounting; (3) the variegated (as opposed to monolithic) nature of war dead themselves; and (4) the material ecosystems of remains, graves, cemeteries and the non-human forces of decay acting upon them. Finally, the introduction highlights the issue’s comparative potential: that is, what these different cultural, religious and ideological modes of meaning-making reveal about why and how human remains matter in the aftermath of war – and not just according to Western notions of national memory politics in which the soldier stands in for the state and collective mourning animates the national imaginary.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
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Narco-cultural studies of high modernity

Never has a reconsideration of the place of drugs in our culture been more urgent than it is today. Drugs are seen as both panaceas and panapathogens, and the apparent irreconcilability of these alternatives lies at the heart of the cultural crises they are perceived to engender. Yet the meanings attached to drugs are always a function of the places they come to occupy in culture. This book investigates the resources for a re-evaluation of the drugs and culture relation in several key areas of twentieth-century cultural and philosophical theory. Addressing themes such as the nature of consciousness, language and the body, alienation, selfhood, the image and virtuality, the nature/culture dyad and everyday life – as these are expressed in the work of such key figures as Freud, Benjamin, Sartre, Derrida, Foucault and Deleuze – it argues that the ideas and concepts by which modernity has attained its measure of self-understanding are themselves, in various ways, the products of encounters with drugs and their effects. In each case, the reader is directed to the points at which drugs figure in the formulations of ‘high theory’, and it is revealed how such thinking is never itself a drug-free zone. Consequently, there is no ground on which to distinguish ‘culture’ from ‘drug culture’ in the first place.

Capital’s insatiable need to destroy
David Whyte

the end of the 1850s, Fundamentals of Political Economy Criticism (more commonly known as Grundrisse), Karl Marx describes the inherent tendency in capitalism to push back any barriers or limits that stand in its way. The driving force of capital is a continual process of expansion into new places where it can extract natural resources and make things, and into new markets. Capital by its nature drives beyond every spatial barrier. Thus, the creation of the physical conditions of exchange – of the means of communication and transport­– ­the annihilation of space by

in Ecocide
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D. A. J. MacPherson

focusing on these different ideological aspects, our story becomes one of popular Protestantism and imperialism. The Orangewomen of England have much to tell us about the nature of working-class women’s activism during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries and the gendered nature of popular imperialism and Toryism. The women’s Orange Order in England also differed in terms of its geographical range. As we will see in Chapter 2, the Orange Order tended to thrive in more industrial areas – in the Scottish case the west Central Belt and the south-west of the country

in Women and the Orange Order
Wayne Binitie

The Jökulsárlón is a fast-receding glacial lagoon situated at the head of the Breiòamerkurjökull glacier in Iceland on the edge of the Atlantic Ocean. One and a half kilometres long, the lagoon covers an area of 18 square kilometres. Partly covered by volcanic ash caused by ancient eruptions, the fragile icebergs of the Jökulsárlón appear as dissolving sculptural forms that have been carved by nature. Only 20 per cent of the icebergs can be seen above the water, the remaining volume scrapes the glacier floor

in Living with water
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Kate Waterhouse

the case: Applications, Charge, Jurisdiction, Plea, Facts/Evidence, Criminal Record, Mitigation/Defence and, finally, Sentencing. The other facilitator of speed is the ‘insider’ nature of District Court language, which uses a reliance on shared knowledge and experience to allow speakers to communicate with minimum words and maximum efficiency. While in one sense a model of effective communication, Conclusion 155 it is also an exclusionary one, as much of what is said is inaccessible and meaningless to outsiders. A key feature of its functionality is the

in Ireland’s District Court
Jaya Sharma

critiques regarding our own ways of understanding, responding and engaging with #MeToo (not on feminist critiques about how those outside of feminism are engaging with #MeToo). I locate the queer feminist concerns raised in this chapter as part of a trajectory of critical responses to #MeToo in India that have come from a Dalit feminist 1 location as well as an inter-generational one. The significant critiques by Dalit feminists have included bringing to bear a focus on the ‘upper’-caste and ‘upper’-class nature of

in Intimacy and injury
Harry Lesser

8 The natural as a moral category Harry Lesser The purposes of nature John Harris has devoted his professional life to the application of reason to ethics. It is therefore appropriate in this Festschrift (to which it is an honour to contribute) to consider which kinds of appeal in moral matters are rational and which are not. One kind of appeal that has been very common, both in everyday life and in several philosophical traditions, is the appeal to what is natural. But there are grounds for maintaining that, despite the prevalence of arguments that a practice

in From reason to practice in bioethics