The difference of Deleuze and Derrida
Tuija Pulkkinen

4 Ontologies of borders: the difference of Deleuze and Derrida Tuija Pulkkinen This chapter is about the concept of border. I will not approach border as if I was going to conceptualize something that we already empirically know about, and nor will I concentrate solely on geographical and political borders. Instead, I will take a step back and consider border in an abstract sense: as a separation of one into two dissimilar entities. This means that I will take the study of border into the area of philosophy and, in particular, into problems of ontology and

in The political materialities of borders
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

privileging of the design principle over the need for, or even the possibility of, political change. Design Not Politics The computational turn and societal dependence on digital technologies has changed the way the world is understood and the status of humans within it ( Chandler, 2018 ). The privileging of the design principle is central to this change. Besides the spatial shift from circulation to connectivity, an ontological, epistemological and methodological translation has also taken place ( Duffield, 2018 ). While anticipating late-modernity, the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

there was an ontological contradiction. I think it is possible to work for a more democratic order – diffusing power, creating a more stable balance of power – while strengthening and democratising certain value systems. Doing so in a cooperative way, too. People might say it was just Brazil trying to extend its power and join the [UN] Security Council. But, in projecting soft power, I believe we were also promoting positive things: South–South cooperation, for example. At the ILO, it was Brazil that really initiated South–South cooperation, with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
New theoretical directions

Materiality has long been tied to the political projects of nationalism and capitalism. But how are we to rethink borders in this context? Is the border the limit where the capitalist nation-state, contested and re-created at its centre, becomes fixed? Or is it something else? Is the border something, or does it instead do things? This volume brings questions of materiality to bear specifically on the study of borders. These questions address specifically the shift from ontology to process in thinking about borders. The political materialities of borders does not presume the material aspect of borders but rather explores the ways in which any such materiality comes into being. Through ethnographic and philosophical explorations of the ontology of borders and its limitations from the perspective of materiality, this volume seeks to throw light on the interaction between the materiality of state borders and the non-material aspects of state-making. This enables a new understanding of borders as productive of the politics of materiality, on which both the state project rests, including its multifarious forms in the post-nation-state era.

Democracy’s colonization of alterity
Mielle Chandler

rise to and sustain that plurality. This chapter contests this belief, suggesting, rather, that plurality is severely circumscribed by the ontological structure and the economic processes endemic to political participation. Being a state or a citizen requires being recognizable as such, which requires conforming to the dominant organizational strictures of statehood and personhood. In accordance with these organizational strictures, sovereign entities (individual bearers of rights and nation-states) approach others through one of two colonizing actions: by engulfing

in Democracy in crisis
The making of the social subject
Mark Haugaard

The fourth dimension of power concerns the creation of the social ontology of social subjects. As social subjects, agents have certain predispositions, which make them more likely to structure and confirm-structure in a felicitous manner than others. Like the other dimensions of power, the fourth dimension is not inherently dominating or conducive to empowerment. Rather, it has elements of both, often as a duality. In this chapter we will focus more on the enabling and constitutive aspects. In Chapter 8 , we will look at extreme forms of 4-D domination. We

in The four dimensions of power
Open Access (free)
Stirner, anarchy, subjectivity and the art of living
John Moore

existential and ontological concern and one rich in implication for the definition of contemporary anarchist practice, activity and projects. Central to this process is the issue of anarchist subjectivity and intersubjectivity, as well as related concerns about language and creativity. Hakim Bey, language and ontological anarchy Hakim Bey’s essay ‘Ontological anarchy in a nutshell’ (1994) provides a concise but landmark formulation of this issue. The opening passage of the essay focuses on the existential status of the anarchist and anarchist practice: Since absolutely

in Changing anarchism
Elizabeth Dauphinée

for my trip. I arrived with a few local contacts and a decent grasp of the language. I thought that, because of this background, I was more uniquely placed to experience and appreciate a more authentic ‘truth’ of Bosnia than most researchers ever see. That sentiment quickly faded, and after several years of passing back and forth, I began to see that the arrogance of that sentiment was not antithetical to the violence I was researching. Ethics In Ethics as First Philosophy, Emmanuel Levinas argues that the ontological structure of knowledge always already involves a

in The ethics of researching war
Clara Eroukhmanoff

expected consequences’, which reproduces the classical view of sciences by clearly separating a realm of subjects from a realm of objects. In doing so, this logic creates distance, both ontological and geographical, between the securitis ers – the security practitioners at the federal and local level – and the securitis ees – the individuals securitised and considered at risk of being radicalised. To put it differently, the securitisers are remote from their securitisees in the sense that a Remote Other is constructed and essential to securitising the Muslim population

in The securitisation of Islam
Natalie Bormann

.g., ‘deterrence worked in the past but rogues cannot be deterred’). It furthermore mobilises this knowledge into disciplining action (e.g., ‘forward leaning defence works against rogues’), which in turn verifies and reproduces knowledge about the other, an event, or a place in the world that NMD then purports to counter. We should be able to begin seeing how the US identity/NMD nexus intersects in this specific case. When we speak of ‘America’, or the American self, we need to think of a community which is ‘devoid of ontological being’, apart from the many practices that

in National missile defence and the politics of US identity