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The difference of Deleuze and Derrida
Tuija Pulkkinen

4 Ontologies of borders: the difference of Deleuze and Derrida Tuija Pulkkinen This chapter is about the concept of border. I will not approach border as if I was going to conceptualize something that we already empirically know about, and nor will I concentrate solely on geographical and political borders. Instead, I will take a step back and consider border in an abstract sense: as a separation of one into two dissimilar entities. This means that I will take the study of border into the area of philosophy and, in particular, into problems of ontology and

in The political materialities of borders
New theoretical directions

Materiality has long been tied to the political projects of nationalism and capitalism. But how are we to rethink borders in this context? Is the border the limit where the capitalist nation-state, contested and re-created at its centre, becomes fixed? Or is it something else? Is the border something, or does it instead do things? This volume brings questions of materiality to bear specifically on the study of borders. These questions address specifically the shift from ontology to process in thinking about borders. The political materialities of borders does not presume the material aspect of borders but rather explores the ways in which any such materiality comes into being. Through ethnographic and philosophical explorations of the ontology of borders and its limitations from the perspective of materiality, this volume seeks to throw light on the interaction between the materiality of state borders and the non-material aspects of state-making. This enables a new understanding of borders as productive of the politics of materiality, on which both the state project rests, including its multifarious forms in the post-nation-state era.

The making of the social subject
Mark Haugaard

The fourth dimension of power concerns the creation of the social ontology of social subjects. As social subjects, agents have certain predispositions, which make them more likely to structure and confirm-structure in a felicitous manner than others. Like the other dimensions of power, the fourth dimension is not inherently dominating or conducive to empowerment. Rather, it has elements of both, often as a duality. In this chapter we will focus more on the enabling and constitutive aspects. In Chapter 8 , we will look at extreme forms of 4-D domination. We

in The four dimensions of power
Objects, affects, mimesis
Simon Mussell

3 A feeling for things: objects, affects, mimesis And things, what is the correct attitude to adopt towards things? –​Samuel Beckett, The Unnameable Recent years have seen an explosion of scholarly interest in things. From the ‘new materialisms’ to ‘object-​oriented ontology’, from ‘thing theory’ to ‘actor-​ network theory’, much of contemporary thought is turning its attention to the world of objects. What are the reasons for this shift? One of the principal motivations behind the turn to objects is a reaction against the ‘cultural turn’ and its subject

in Critical theory and feeling
Anastasia Marinopoulou

sciences. As with all social actions of conscious subjects, the sciences for Weber function in a rational way not only because they reflect upon their own means and ends, but mostly because they also bear the infinite potential to reveal the consequences of their social character, addressing themselves as well as society itself. The triangle of means, ends and consequences, embracing the sciences in Weber’s work, establishes a solid social ontology for the sciences, and attributes to society an instigative role with regard to the scientific oeuvre. For there to be any

in Critical theory and epistemology
Collective private action and sustainable Europe
Caitríona Carter

freakish’ versus ‘laggard’ strategies of SDS action (see, for example, contributions to Jordan and Adelle, 2013). The ambition of the chapter therefore is to address these twin challenges of place and value-content of SDS through offering an alternative assessment grounded in an inclusive ontology as proposed in the Introduction to this book (Carter et al., 2015; Kauppi, 2010). My starting point is to replace realist assumptions about the SDS with constructivist ones and argue that, like Europe itself, sustainable development is not a thing. ‘Sustainable Europe’ too only

in Governing Europe’s spaces
Neil Murphy

in social reality beyond limited surface signposting. Linda Hutcheon raises this very point in an effort to acknowledge the possible autonomous nature of fictional worlds: ‘In literature words create worlds; they are not necessarily counters, however adequate, to any extraordinary reality. In that very fact lies their aesthetic validity and their ontological status’ (Hutcheon 1980, pp. 102–103). Contemporary Irish fiction and the indirect gaze 181 One of the ways in which literary texts establish a non-­realist ‘ontological status’, or as Thomas Pavel describes

in From prosperity to austerity
Narratives, text, narrators
Sue-Ann Harding

This chapter, the theoretical foundation of the book, begins by offering a working definition of narrative from a sociological perspective, including the key concepts of ontological narrativity (the idea that narratives constitute rather than merely represent reality) and relationality (the idea that narratives are constructed by making meaningful connections). Four different types of narratives

in Beslan
Ilan Zvi Baron

when social scientists turn to philosophy for methodological terminology to describe Unlearning how we think 65 something that is (1) not necessarily methodological and (2) involves repurposing philosophical terms that denote particular philosophical problems or methodologies for non-philosophical meanings. It has become common to throw around philosophical language, using terms such as ontology, phenomenology, and hermeneutics, in order to provide gravitas to qualitative research as though we need to compete with scientists and their scientific jargon.9 I want to

in How to save politics in a post-truth era
Jeremy C.A. Smith

dual character. That Japan’s relational orientation is reaffirmed throughout its history is evident in major episodes of engagement with the outside world and reflection on its existing dynamic traditions. The formative period features in the three major perspectives. The three diverge, however, on how social change is conditioned by relations with the East Asian region. For Eisenstadt, Japan was an unusual de-​axialising civilisation (1996). In its digestion and relativisation of the world religions, Japan had a foundational moment in which a pattern of ontological

in Debating civilisations