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Technology Conference . Obrecht , A. and Warner , A. ( 2016 ), ‘ More than Just Luck: Innovation in Humanitarian Action’, HIF/ALNAP Study ( London : Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action /Overseas Development Institute ). ODI ( 2010 ), ‘ The Humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

because they cannot be reconceptualised and constructed on any other basis than liberal order. Humanitarian Performance To ask what function a form of social practice performs is not to ask what it means to those who perform it. The meanings of humanitarianism to humanitarians can be multiple, but do any of these answers explain why we currently have a humanitarian system that spans the globe, ministers to millions of people every day, receives billions of dollars in income and is a major player in every crisis? More than this, it is clear that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation

support for 145,000 children and their families all over the country’ ( Parkes, 2014 : 363), achieved without a single piece of ICT. World Vision International adapted the UNICEF-initiated community-based performance-monitoring approach to create a local social accountability model (CVA) now used in over fifty countries ( Walker, 2016 ). The second structural challenge relates to solving the difficulty of trialling experimental aspects within programme designs without compromising the ethical

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation

, B. , Scriven , K. and Foley , C. ( 2009 ), ‘ Innovations in International Humanitarian Action ’, in ALNAP 8th Review of Humanitarian Action ( London : Active Learning Network for Accountability and Performance in Humanitarian Action ), pp. 1 – 88 . Rudofsky

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

depending on factors like language pair, translation direction and content type. Each humanitarian crisis raises difficult questions about the priority of quality or speed. Decisions must consider the content to be translated, its criticality, sensitivity and level of perishability, the languages required, the level of performance of the MT system and the availability of linguists. All these factors suggest that preparation and advance testing are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

also now questioned. In separating itself from the failures of the past, humanitarian innovation problematises the concerted attempts since the 1990s to professionalise the aid system, especially the numerous moves to standardise humanitarian engagement through behavioural codes, ground rules, technical guidelines and performance benchmarking ( Fiori et al ., 2016 ). Reflecting late-capitalism’s disdain for independent standards and autonomous expertise, side-lining humanitarian professionalism can be seen as a necessary condition for the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Issues for the intelligence community

The intelligence community’s uneven performance on Iraq from 2002 to 2004 raised significant questions concerning the condition of intelligence collection, analysis, and policy support. The discussion of shortcomings and failures that follows is not meant to imply that all surprises can be prevented by even good intelligence. There are too many targets and too many ways of

in Intelligence and national security policymaking on Iraq
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Nakba co-memory as performance

7 Zochrot: Nakba co-memory as performance Zochrot is part of a development in Israeli Jewish society that for the past several years gradually enables speaking about the Nakba. It is probably a question of time, a younger generation had to grow up that is more willing to deal with the dark sides of its grandparents’ history. There is academic research, there are films and newspaper articles dealing with the Nakba, and in this climate an organisation like Zochrot was able to start working. So, in a sense, Zochrot fills an existing need, and its existence creates

in Co-memory and melancholia
Israelis memorialising the Palestinian Nakba

The 1948 war that led to the creation of the State of Israel also resulted in the destruction of Palestinian society, when some 80 per cent of the Palestinians who lived in the major part of Palestine upon which Israel was established became refugees. Israelis call the 1948 war their ‘War of Independence’ and the Palestinians their ‘Nakba’, or catastrophe. After many years of Nakba denial, land appropriation, political discrimination against the Palestinians within Israel and the denial of rights to Palestinian refugees, in recent years the Nakba is beginning to penetrate Israeli public discourse. This book explores the construction of collective memory in Israeli society, where the memory of the trauma of the Holocaust and of Israel's war dead competes with the memory claims of the dispossessed Palestinians. Taking an auto-ethnographic approach, it makes a contribution to social memory studies through a critical evaluation of the co-memoration of the Palestinian Nakba by Israeli Jews. Against a background of the Israeli resistance movement, the book's central argument is that co-memorating the Nakba by Israeli Jews is motivated by an unresolved melancholia about the disappearance of Palestine and the dispossession of the Palestinians, a melancholia which shifts mourning from the lost object to the grieving subject. The book theorises Nakba co-memory as a politics of resistance, counterpoising co-memorative practices by internally displaced Israeli Palestinians with Israeli Jewish discourses of the Palestinian right of return, and questions whether return narratives by Israeli Jews are ultimately about Israeli Jewish self-healing.

The European Union (EU) has emerged as an important security actor qua actor, not only in the non-traditional areas of security, but increasingly as an entity with force projection capabilities. This book investigates how the concept of security relates to or deals with different categories of threat, explores the relationship between forms of coordination among states, international institutions, and the provision of European security and the execution of security governance. It also investigates whether the EU has been effective in realising its stated security objectives and those of its member states. The book commences with a discussion on the changing nature of the European state, the changing nature and broadening of the security agenda, and the problem of security governance in the European political space. There are four functional challenges facing the EU as a security actor: the resolution of interstate conflicts, the management of intrastate conflicts, state-building endeavours, and building the institutions of civil society. The book then examines policies of prevention, particularly the pre-emption of conflict within Europe and its neighbourhood. It moves on to examine policies of assurance, particularly the problem of peace-building in south-eastern Europe. EU's peace-building or sustaining role where there has been a violent interstate or intrastate conflict, especially the origins and performance of the Stability Pact, is discussed. Finally, the book looks at the policies of protection which capture the challenge of internal security.