. Other types of beer are used non-orally as well, including remedies that
are placed or poured into the vagina.
There are numerous other reasons why beer may have been used in these
remedies besides hiding the taste of unpleasant ingredients, one of which is
simply availability. Beer formed a standard part of the diet, and so would be
easy to obtain. Conversely using a more unusual or special type of beer, such
as the ‘excellent’ beer mentioned in three of the Ebers remedies (772, 791 and
812) (Ghalioungui 1987), may have added to any placebo effect by making the