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Elite European migrants in the British Empire
Author: Panikos Panayi

While most of the Germans who suffered expulsion during the First World War lived within British shores, the Royal Navy brought Germans from throughout the world to face incarceration in the their network of camp. This book offers a new interpretation of global migration from the early nineteenth until the early twentieth century. It examines the elite German migrants who progressed to India, especially missionaries, scholars and scientists, businessmen and travellers. The book investigates the reasons for the migration of Germans to India. An examination of the realities of German existence in India follows. It then examines the complex identities of the Germans in India in the century before the First World War. The role of the role of racism, orientalism and Christianity is discussed. The stereotypes that emerged from travelogues include: an admiration of Indian landscapes; contempt for Hinduism; criticism of the plight of women; and repulsion at cityscapes. The book moves to focus upon the transformation which took place as a result of this conflict, mirroring the plight of Germans in other parts of the world. The marginalisation which took place in 1920 closely mirrored the plight of the German communities throughout the British Empire. The unique aspect of the experience in India consisted of the birth of a national identity. Finally, the book places the experience of the Germans in India into four contexts: the global history of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; German history; history of the British Empire in India; and Indian history.

Alison Morgan

this narrative, widespread support could be achieved.13 ‘The women seemed to be the special object of the rage of these [?] soldiers’. James Wroe’s comment in the Manchester Observer on 21 August is illustrative of the narrative regarding the treatment of women conveyed in the press.14 In The Times on 19 August, John Tyas describes ‘a woman on the ground, insensible, to all outward appearance, and with two large gouts of blood on her left breast.’15 The plight of women at Peterloo was also addressed on 21 August in the Leeds Mercury which states: ‘Sex itself could

in Ballads and songs of Peterloo
Laura Schwartz

the plight of women left destitute when deserted by their husbands. 92 This Freethinker was also a strong supporter of ‘Free Love, based on the premise that only men and women themselves could decide with whom to form a union and for how long this should last. He was not, however, particularly concerned with the systemic inequalities which made this a far more attractive prospect for men than for women. 93 Thus, the

in Infidel feminism
Social reform in Manchester
Sonja Tiernan

receive less pay than their male counterparts, they were subjected to frequent sexual harassment and unsanitary crudities. Cooper portrayed the cotton mills as cramped, filthy quarters, describing how the winding room floor was invariably drenched with menstrual blood because women rarely had access to sanitary protection.45 The Manchester and Salford Trades’ Council was not entirely sympathetic to the plight of women in the workplace. The councils’ president, R.W. Walters, believed that ‘the proper place of woman was not in the workshop but at home.’46 In January 1895

in Eva Gore-Booth
Abstract only
James R. Rush

, or not taken, by white men – marrying their Indonesian concubines, for instance, or legitimising their Eurasian children. Of particular interest in this respect are several romances by women authors which take up the plight of women and children who were especially vulnerable to the caprices of the system. Some popular titles illustrate the contemporary concerns: White and Brown (1893), and A

in Asia in Western fiction
A. Martin Wainwright

parents only aided them with their advice’. 41 These papers expressed the NIA’s tone from its very inception regarding the role of women in the reform of India. Its first annual report listed the ‘educa tion and improvement of women’ as one of the four immediate ‘wants of India’. 42 Almost every issue contained an article describing the plight of women in India or calling for

in ‘The better class’ of Indians
The equal pay campaigns from 1939 to 1954
Helen Glew

pay – something which campaigners had of course heard before from previous chancellors.116 The significance of the equal pay question to women civil servants was not lost on several political cartoonists, suggesting that, amongst other possibilities for satirical comment, the plight of women civil servants had captured the attention of at least some of the newspaper-reading public. Victor Weisz’s illustration in the Daily Mirror on 9 March 1954 perhaps best summed up the campaign by depicting an imagined 9 March 1994 where women were being told once again by ‘Mr

in Gender, rhetoric and regulation
Brian Pullan

prostitutes who declare that they live as public sinners because they have no food and no dwelling place’.83 In the 1730s Sarnelli called Neapolitan prostitutes ‘driven more by hunger than by lechery’ and deplored the neglect of young girls and orphan children, left to beg and sleep in the open, who could only sell their virtue and begin to work as child prostitutes.84 Of crucial importance was the plight of women struggling to support young children after the death or disappearance of husbands, or their own dismissal by men they had lived with as mistresses. The social

in Tolerance, Regulation and Rescue
The ruins of memory and Holocaust historiography
Tom Lawson

for example Bonnie S Anderson and Judith P Zinsser, A History of their Own (New York, 1988), vol. 2, pp. 213–14. Claudia Koonz, Mothers in the Fatherland: Women, the Family and Nazi Politics (New York, 1987). Sybil Milton, ‘Women and the Holocaust: The Case of German and GermanJewish Women’, Carol Rittner and John Roth, Different Voices: Women and the Holocaust (St Paul: MN, 1993), p. 227. ⁄ o Michael Unger, ‘The Status and Plight of Women in the L ´dz ´ Ghetto’, Ofer and Weitzmann, Women in the Holocaust, p. 127. Ruth Kluger, Landscapes of Memory (London, 2003), p

in Debates on the Holocaust
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Manliness and the home
Joanne Begiato

. Indeed, the class-specific rhetoric of wife beating that developed in the later nineteenth century drew on this tension for some of its visceral force, driven by various campaigners, including those supporting calls for harsher punishments and feminists drawing attention to the plight of women in the home. It focused on the apparel 157 158 Manliness in Britain, 1760–1900 and instruments of men’s work by alluding to the weapons some men used to beat their wives. This helped embellish and embed the stereotype of the working-class wife beater in public discourse and

in Manliness in Britain, 1760–1900