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Quibell, J. (1898
wealth of Bailey or Melvill, and
picked most of his collection himself. Beginning in his teens, Grindon gathered a
herbarium of some forty thousand specimens, accompanied by illustrations, publications and even poetry – forsaking his job as a cashier to devote his time entirely
to collecting, publishing and teaching about natural history. He had been donating
small numbers of specimens to the Manchester Museum since the 1890s, and after
his death in 1904, his widow agreed to deposit his collection in the Museum.17
By the time the herbarium was established by these
, but also in contemporary documentary evidence. This includes an instance where the necessity of an effective site for a tower house is stated in bardic poetry; one poem in particular speaks of the effort required to build a tower house, before the monument was relocated elsewhere to form a better base for preying on vessels ( ibid .).
Moving northwards, the O'Donnells of Donegal were known as the ‘Lords of the Fish’ for their ability to control revenue from fishing and shipping (Ní Loingsigh, 1994 ). Tower houses in counties Donegal and
/frontier between the Gaelic-Irish and the Anglo-Irish (Ellis, 2015 ), where tower houses might have offered protection, an attractive feature in times of instability (Graham, 1975 ), as well as in areas of the Pale that experienced Anglo-Norman colonisation. Based on analysis of Gaelic-Irish bardic poetry, Budd concluded that tower houses were the focal point of their communities; however, this means as a social focus rather than a physical community centre (Barry, 2006 ; Budd, 2004 ). The role of the manor has long been associated with rural settlement, although the exact