, while others yet take non-political stances and rap about urban youth life. Roma in the region, as in Hungary (see Imre 2006 ), have, meanwhile, explicitly identified their structural position with anti-black racism through hip-hop. They include the Serbian Roma rapper Muha Blackstazy (Muhamed Eljšani), who called his first recording in 2003 ‘Crni smo mi’ (‘We are Black’); Euro Black Nation, from the periphery of a town in Baranja, Croatia (Banić Grubišić 2011 ; Pavelić 2012 ); and Shutka Roma Rap from Šuto Orizari, a Roma settlement pushed to the edge of Skopje by
his death from a
riding accident. Throughout the diary he determinedly keeps his distance
from St Vincent society. In the introductory sections, written during
his Atlantic crossing to St Vincent, he first identifies the frontier
geographically by recording his responses to nature as he travels south.
He invokes the poetics of science while looking at the stars onboard
ship. To do this he draws on
objects, since the camera is capable of
non-intrusively recording the material before its lens, whilst at the same
time being totally dependent upon human operation to achieve this end.
Film captures the world of things, albeit always partially, and then transfers
its image to the spectator with an illusory immediacy. But the sense of
immediacy is itself instantly withdrawn by virtue of its technological mode
of transmission. This oscillation between immediacy and withdrawnness
continues, rendering the material world both closer and yet remaining distant. The
categories of evil: the drunk, the prostitute, and the
suicide. But finally, having flirted with the possibility of the restoration
of ‘the human’ and, by extension, humanism, it settles for recording
‘performances’ of these three categories. The novel accepts without further questioning that these are how the lives of the alienated are lived,
and in this way O’Brien’s novel, like William Kennedy’s Ironweed, is
another move away from the Existential drinker.
1 As Yetman describes it: ‘In Dante’s work purgatory is a steep mountain; in
Kennedy’s, it is the economic
mainly driven onwards by the reader’s
desire to know what will happen next to Erwin and how it will all end.
Such a response to the novel might be reinforced by the knowledge that
Fallada’s work was associated with a ‘school’ of literature in the 1920s
and 1930s known as die neue Sachlichkeit, ‘new objectivity’, where the
emphasis was on the ‘factual’ recording of everyday life.2 A good example
of this type of writing is Fallada’s earlier novel Little Man, What Now?
(1932),3 which treats the lives of an ordinary young couple in Germany
at the start of the 1930s in the
knowledge, turning on Enlightenment, empire, and nation as well as
within the challenges to these projects. These have been motivated if
diverse projects “not simply of looking and recording but of
recording and remaking” the world, as Talal Asad tells us. 29 Unsurprisingly,
the oppositions themselves assumed persuasive analytical authority
and acquired pervasive worldly attributes, variously
/Or, vol. 2 (New York: Anchor Books, 1959
), p. 164.
58 Jackson, Weekend, p. 13.
59 ‘ “It is my belief that alcoholism is largely the fault of parents who overindulge or overprotect their children to the point where they (the children, grown older but still childish) cannot face reality and seek ‘escape’ in
drink” ’, Charles Jackson, ‘What’s so funny about a drunk?’, Cosmopolitan
(May 1946), quoted in Bailey, Farther and Wilder, p. 24.
60 For instance, there is a recording of a speech to Alcoholics Anonymous
(1959) which includes him saying ‘Once an alcoholic
(Chang 2013b : 142). 13
Chang's difficulties obtaining official data about Chinese migration (beyond those of counting undocumented migrants and those who do not interact with census-taking) indicate statistical practices in Serbia and other post-Yugoslav states are more geared towards existing frames of ethnopolitics rather than recording new multicultural and multiracial categories in society: Serbia's Chinese population, estimated by Chang at 20,000–30,000 – similar to recorded numbers of Macedonians (25,847) or Bulgarians