social, economic and political activity was defined as ‘crime’ and was dealt with
by the rhetoric and practices of crime control. (Ibid.:659)
Third, intimate surveillance was sought not only through Palestinian collaborators – who passed on information which people made public in social gatherings or while travelling on public transportation (e.g. Cohen, 2006:13) – but
also through their operators. The regionalrepresentatives of the Military
Government were required to live in the area under their supervision in order
to obtain first-hand and unfiltered
Financial liberalisation and the end of the Cold War
This chapter explores the early consequences of the demise of Bretton Woods and American financial liberalisation, reporting the repercussions of the United States' economic and military power. West German firms quickly exploited the new markets and investment opportunities in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. The events of 1979 led the Carter administration to another change in dollar policy, with huge consequences. The consequences of the second oil-price shock, and the foreign and economic policies of the Reagan administration, were more beneficial for the British and Italian modern democratic nation-states. The United States' final victory in the Balkans demonstrated much about US dominance of the post-Cold War world. India shares serious economic problems with other post-colonial countries. The international trading order that has developed since the end of Bretton Woods retains the capacity to generate significant political problems for the states of post-colonial developing countries.
Electoral systems The president of the republic is elected for a
seven-year term of office by an electoral college made up of both chambers
of Parliament and fifty-eight regionalrepresentatives.
New electoral systems for elections to
the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate were introduced in 1993. These
symbolised the reform process in Italy and were hailed by some as the start
of a new Republic. The Chamber of Deputies has 630