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Space, identity and power

This volume aims to disclose the political, social and cultural factors that influenced the sanitary measures against epidemics developed in the Mediterranean during the long nineteenth century. The contributions to the book provide new interdisciplinary insights to the booming field of ‘quarantine studies’ through a systematic use of the analytic categories of space, identity and power. The ultimate goal is to show the multidimensional nature of quarantine, the intimate links that sanitary administrations and institutions had with the territorial organization of states, international trade, the construction of national, colonial, religious and professional identities or the configuration of political regimes. The circum-Mediterranean geographical spread of the case studies contained in this volume illuminates the similarities and differences around and across this sea, on the southern and northern shores, in Arabic, Spanish, Portuguese, Greek, Italian, English and French-speaking domains. At the same time, it is highly interested in engaging in the global English-speaking community, offering a wide range of terms, sources, bibliography, interpretative tools and views produced and elaborated in various Mediterranean countries. The historical approach will be useful to recognize the secular tensions that still lie behind present-day issues such as the return of epidemics or the global flows of migrants and refugees.

Suriname under Dutch rule, 1750– 1950

Explaining how leprosy was considered in various historical settings by referring to categories of uncleanliness in antiquity, is problematic. The book historicizes how leprosy has been framed and addressed. It investigates the history of leprosy in Suriname, a plantation society where the vast majority of the population consisted of imported slaves from Africa. The relationship between the modern stigmatization and exclusion of people affected with leprosy, and the political tensions and racial fears originating in colonial slave society, exerting their influence until after the decolonization up to the present day. The book explores leprosy management on the black side of the medical market in the age of slavery as contrasted with the white side. The difference in perspectives on leprosy between African slaves and European masters contributed to the development of the 'Great Confinement' policies, and leprosy sufferers were sent to the Batavia leprosy asylum. Dutch debates about leprosy took place when the threat of a 'return' of leprosy to the Netherlands appeared to materialise. A symbiotic alliance for leprosy care that had formed between the colonial state and the Catholics earlier in the nineteenth century was renegotiated within the transforming landscape of Surinamese society to incorporate Protestants as well. By 1935, Dutch colonial medicine had dammed the growing danger of leprosy by using the modern policies of detection and treatment. Dutch doctors and public health officials tried to come to grips with the Afro-Surinamese belief in treef and its influence on the execution of public health policies.

Canadian military nurses at Petrograd, 1915–17
Cynthia Toman

Canadian representative in this diplomatic mission. She revelled in opportunities to mingle with the royal family of Tsar Nicholas II as well as other prominent people, recorded her perspectives of the Russian revolution from the vantage point of hospital windows overlooking streets where events were taking place, and finagled her way into prisons, refugee camps and a field hospital on the southern Russian front by using her social and political connections. Military nurses like Cotton enabled political alliances that partially kept Russia from becoming allied with

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti, and Cecilia Sironi

requires further investigation. Nevertheless, we have been able to detect the presence and distribution of nurses (volunteer sisters of the Italian Red Cross, religious missionary nuns and male nurses), and the main health problems they encountered. The documents analysed remain a fundamental witness of Fascist colonialism. The study of nursing protagonists through the regime booklets, the direct evidence, the propaganda of the Italian Red Cross volunteer nurses, with the participation of members of the Italian royal family, taken together show how Italian nursing

in Colonial caring
Ida Milne

painter Edvard Munch, who all survived, and members of the royal families of Sweden and Britain, who did not. Mamelund’s study combined multivariate event history analysis with individual and household-​level data to test this perspective. He found that the size of accommodation, which was a perfect proxy for rent and therefore probably also for income, was negatively and significantly associated with mortality. The wealthy and highly educated probably had lower mortality from influenza and pneumonia than the poor and less educated because the former benefited from

in Stacking the coffins
The Royal Ear Hospital, 1816–1900
Jaipreet Virdi

treatment. The founding years: 1816–36 When John Harrison Curtis first opened the doors of his dispensary, his practice was challenged by his competitors, notably the more-established aurists John Stevenson (1778–1844) and William Maule (1775–1851), Maule being the official aurist to the royal family. They insisted that Curtis's training as a dispenser in the Royal Navy did not constitute proper medical qualifications, and that his entrepreneurial spirit was a disgrace to the profession. 14

in Disability and the Victorians
Laurinda Abreu

anonymous writer entitled Relaçaõ verdadeira da implacavel peste, que padece a cidade de Marrocos, Argel, e outras Africanas […]19 (True account of the implacable plague affecting the city of Marrakesh, Algiers and other African cities […]), relating the horrors caused by the epidemic in the lands affected, and the presence of the royal family at a military exercise carried out by João de Lencastre’s regiment as part of the ‘convenient preventions to preserve this kingdom from contagion’,20 in the words of the Gazeta de Lisboa on 27 May that year21 – may have been

in Mediterranean Quarantines, 1750–1914
Home care, doctors' care, and travellers
Amy Milne-Smith

‘Obituary’, The Times (3 December 1901), p. 6. 52 His uncle Frederick Molyneux, best known for his close connection to the royal family, was informed of his nephew's last illness by telegram. He left from London and found the family gathered around an unconscious Earl of Sefton. On 2 December he recorded that ‘Poor Mull died about eight o’clock in the morning.’ Diary of Frederick Molyneux, 920 SEF/6

in Out of his mind
Coreen Anne McGuire

, football pools, betting and gambling, birth control and rubber goods, clairvoyants, astrology and palmistry, foreign agricultural produce, offers of employment, private telephone installations, money lenders, illustrations of Royal Family, questionable or controversial books and periodicals, political advertisements, offers of employment, annuity business and patent medicines. They further restricted advertisements for building societies, anti-vivisection, electro-radiant treatment, parcel deliveries and corsets and lingerie. See ‘Restriction to Post Office Advertising

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Abstract only
Class, religion and animal exploitation, 1830–45
Juliana Adelman

-dominated space before municipal reforms), complained about ‘papists’ and attended Mass each week. 32 Many elite Catholics such as her participated in British fashions from clothing to pets to amateur zoology. They bought British magazines, followed the lives of the Royal family and sought social advancement through service to the British Empire. 33 Even nationalist politicians such as Daniel O’Connell balanced loyalty to the Queen with demands for Irish legislative independence. 34 These elite Catholics moved in social circles that included Protestants, even if each sect

in Civilised by beasts