alive their hope for an imminent return.
In the task of developing patriotism and national pride, the government in Le Havre was able to count on the support of the Belgian clergy in
exile. At the end of 1916, there were some 200 Belgian priests in Britain.19
In France and in the Netherlands, priests were present wherever Belgian
communities existed. Most of them lived as true missionaries, regularly
visiting families who were dispersed all over the country. With the
support of the local Catholic hierarchies, they celebrated masses and gave
all the sacraments. For