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Reconstruction and Soldier Settlement in the Empire Between the Wars
Author: Kent Fedorowich

Research on soldier settlement has to be set within the wider history of emigration and immigration. This book examines two parallel but complementary themes: the settlement of British soldiers in the overseas or 'white' dominions, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa, between 1915 and 1930. One must place soldier settlement within the larger context of imperial migration prior to 1914 in order to elicit the changes in attitude and policy which occurred after the armistice. The book discusses the changes to Anglo-dominion relations that were consequent upon the incorporation of British ex-service personnel into several overseas soldier settlement programmes, and unravels the responses of the dominion governments to such programmes. For instance, Canadians and Australians complained about the number of ex-imperials who arrived physically unfit and unable to undertake employment of any kind. The First World War made the British government to commit itself to a free passage scheme for its ex-service personnel between 1914 and 1922. The efforts of men such as L. S. Amery who attempted to establish a landed imperial yeomanry overseas is described. Anglicisation was revived in South Africa after the second Anglo-Boer War, and politicisation of the country's soldier settlement was an integral part of the larger debate on British immigration to South Africa. The Australian experience of resettling ex-servicemen on the land after World War I came at a great social and financial cost, and New Zealand's disappointing results demonstrated the nation's vulnerability to outside economic factors.

Kent Fedorowich

State for War, emphasised the isolation many veterans experienced upon their return to civilian life and observed that society tended to regard all ex-servicemen as a ‘peculiar class of men segregated from the rest of the community’. 32 National efficiency, the second Anglo-Boer War and reconstruction, 1900 – 14 The increasing

in Unfit for heroes
Kent Fedorowich

referred to policies in the fields of education, immigration and religion which, with the aid of time, would exert a subtle but steady influence. 2 Anglicisation was revived after the second Anglo-Boer War (1899–1902), motivated this time by the British government’s attempt to foster white racial harmony and create a new rural order in South Africa. Once again, a key ingredient within that policy was

in Unfit for heroes
Charles V. Reed

aftermath of the South African War, or Second-Anglo Boer War (1899–1902), brought many Dutch-speaking South Afrikaners to the fold of empire and monarchy. As an 1878 editorial reflects, loyalism – despite developing antagonisms between British and Boer – was extremely important to the identity and sense of legitimacy of the Cape Afrikaners, as described by Hermann Giliomee

in Royals on tour
Milner’s ‘excentric’ High Commision in South Africa
John Benyon

.confdtl., 8 May 1899; F. R. Carroll, ‘The growth & co-ordination of pro-war sentiment in Natal before the Second Anglo-Boer War’, MA thesis, University of Natal, 1981, passim, especially pp. 100–1, 113–14. 60 L. E. van Niekerk, ‘Dr. S. J. Leyds as Gesant van die Zuid

in The South African War reappraised
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Hong Kong, 1894 and Cape Town, 1901
Mary Preston Sutphen

out in one of the cities, Cape Town, during a colonial war, the second Anglo-Boer war. Nonetheless the two cities had much in common. When plague broke out both had a large number of transients. As a result of the troops sent to fight and refugees fleeting the war in the Transvaal, Cape Town had an abnormally high immigrant population. 7 In its normal course, Hong Kong was a gathering point for

in Western medicine as contested knowledge
The iconography of Anglo-American inter-imperialism
Stephen Tuffnell

symbols appeared in their respective armies’ uniforms, rather than the traditional uniforms of Union Jack waistcoat, and suit made from the Stars and Stripes ( Figure 4.14 ). The transformation of Anglo-American identity and its symbolism was also driven by the simultaneity of colonial rebellion in the Philippines and protracted imperial warfare in South Africa. A month after the second Anglo-Boer war broke out on the Rand in October 1899, Uncle Sam was depicted on the cover of Puck sending ‘good will’ to John Bull as British troops were being rushed to relieve Boer

in Comic empires
Cartoons and British imperialism during the Attlee Labour government
Charlotte Lydia Riley

Gold Rush had been a major contributing factor to the Jameson Raid of 1896 and the Second Anglo-Boer War 1899–1902. 50 Creech Jones, ‘The Labour Party and Colonial Policy’, pp. 20, 36. 51 Philip Zec, ‘All Empire Roads Lead Home’, Daily Mirror , 5 September 1945, p. 2

in Comic empires
Kent Fedorowich

Bonar Law, 10 October 1915; John Grigg, Lloyd George from Peace to War 1912–1916 , London, 1985, p. 270. The kindergarten was the name given to Milner’s cadre of young Oxford graduates who were placed in key administrative positions in the reconstruction government during and after the second Anglo-Boer War. 22

in Unfit for heroes
Open Access (free)
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain

was within a Transvaal again under Afrikaner republican governance and not under British rule. The struggle between Britain and the Transvaal over the control of the gold fields and the massive wealth which they represented led directly to the South African (or second Anglo-Boer) War of 1899–1902. And, by the time that war broke out, in October 1899, the independent African polities of South Africa

in Equal subjects, unequal rights