Search results

Abstract only
Alex Balch

increasingly difficult to identify and categorise conclusively different types of policy actor. In particular, the evidence from the UK case was of significant leakage of individuals between these different roles, making the identification of an epistemic community as distinct from policy activists quite difficult. However, there was evidence in both cases of a tendency towards technocratic management of labour migration, reflected in the construction of new, more independent institutional arrangements for the identification and measurement of skills shortages and migration

in Managing labour migration in Europe
Migrant aspirations and employer strategies
Torben Krings, Elaine Moriarty, James Wickham, Alicja Bobek and Justyna Salamońska

QPS found employment relatively quickly. On the employer side, we examine how Ireland’s open labour market policy transformed the recruitment strategies of Irish firms: EU enlargement provided management with a readily accessible pool of qualified labour at their own doorstep at a time when labour and skill shortages were particularly acute. As the final section shows, recruitment focused above all on migrants’ presumed good attitude and positive work ethic. Since these were attributes which migrants themselves believed they possessed, Ireland’s goldrush labour

in New mobilities in Europe
Open Access (free)
Ash dieback and plant biosecurity in Britain
Judith Tsouvalis

pathology in five to ten years’ time, given that ‘new departmental appointments and RAE/REF assessments are driven in part by the Impact Factor (IF) of scientific publications. The highly specialised nature of much plant pathology research means that many publications are of low IF’ (British Society for Plant Pathology, 2012: 2). A key recommendation of the Tree Health and Plant Biosecurity Expert Taskforce (THPBET) set up in November 2012 following the ash dieback outbreak was that ‘key skills shortages’ in this field needed to be urgently addressed. To combat Chalara

in Science and the politics of openness
Chris Duke, Michael Osborne and Bruce Wilson

Olympics in 2012, and its growth strategy is focused on investment in infrastructure, housing and retail developments. There are twelve further and higher education institutes in the area and, given the skills shortages, there has also been some emphasis on an ‘education-led regeneration’. The twelve institutions differed widely, yet each was expected to play a role and be visible in the regeneration process. Various initiatives around skills development were a key action, with impressive work to develop guaranteed progression pathways from further into higher education

in A new imperative
Neil McNaughton

Liberals, meanwhile, were committed to improving the state of race relations in the country. Immigration attitudes • Liberal Conservatives and Labour. Support the idea of a multi-racial society with tolerant attitude to racial minorities and accepting racial diversity. Tolerant attitude to asylum seekers. Immigration to be continued, but controlled to reduce over-population and to import people who can reduce skill shortages. • Centre Conservatives. Support controls on immigration, but allowing some to enter under strict quotas. Insist that racial minorities should

in Understanding British and European political issues
Gill Allwood and Khursheed Wadia

number of refugees with particular skills is an important step in understanding the contribution that they can make to the economy and society of their country of asylum. A number of research projects have stressed the economic contribution made by refugees and the wastage that can be avoided by recognising and harnessing the skills and experience that they bring with them, not least when these match skills shortages, as is often the case. National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) research in 2001 involving interviews with 70 respondents from 21

in Refugee women in Britain and France
Food and wine as cultural signifiers
Brian Murphy

of the Tourism Sector at the end of 1998 recorded a 16 per cent increase in the number of restaurants in Ireland in the space of just two years with a commensurate employee shortfall estimated at 5,632 (CHL Consulting 2000). ‘This acute skills shortage is put down variously to anti-­social hours, low wages and burn out – all of which, in turn, contribute to the increasingly prevalent perception of the industry as a short term, transitory career option’ (O’Neill 1998). One must qualify this with the fact that there was an abundance of available employment in

in From prosperity to austerity
Abstract only
Gill Allwood and Khursheed Wadia

paradigm, longsettled migrants in Britain (of whom many acquire British nationality) are referred to as black and ethnic minority (BME) communities or populations in legislative and policy documents and in academic writing. If the term ‘immigrant’ is used at all, it is to refer to ‘new’ or ‘third wave’ migrants to Britain – i.e. labour migrants from the EU, labour migrants from third countries recruited to plug a skills shortage in a particular sector of the economy and to asylum seekers and refugees (see Chapter 2). Third, in France two terms are in frequent use

in Refugee women in Britain and France
Philip J. O’Connell

regulate access to the labour market as well as the bundle of rights that can be exercised by different groups. One example of such regulation is that all nationals of the European Economic Area (EEA), which includes all EU nationals, may migrate to Ireland and take up employment without restriction. Non-EEA nationals are subject to managed migration policy that is designed to meet labour needs from within the EU and to rely upon the Employment Permit system to meet identified skills shortages, most in highly skilled occupations. The Employment Permit system has been

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Gregor Gall

think it’s the rate for the job.’75 Skill shortages, strategic leverage and bargaining strategy Under Crow’s leadership, the RMT sought to exploit skill shortages and increased rail passenger numbers to better its members’ wages and conditions.76 In 2002, the government recognised shortages of 900 drivers, 800 signallers and 1,200 track-layers.77 These had developed since privatisation as companies cut staff and, rather than train new staff, poached staff from competitors. The RMT strategy was to target particular TOCs and contractors in order to engage in ‘pattern

in Bob Crow: Socialist, leader, fighter