number of refugees with particular skills is an
important step in understanding the contribution that they can make to the
economy and society of their country of asylum. A number of research
projects have stressed the economic contribution made by refugees and the
wastage that can be avoided by recognising and harnessing the skills and
experience that they bring with them, not least when these match skillsshortages, as is often the case.
National Institute of Adult Continuing Education (NIACE) research in
2001 involving interviews with 70 respondents from 21
paradigm, longsettled migrants in Britain (of whom many acquire British nationality) are
referred to as black and ethnic minority (BME) communities or populations
in legislative and policy documents and in academic writing. If the term
‘immigrant’ is used at all, it is to refer to ‘new’ or ‘third wave’ migrants to
Britain – i.e. labour migrants from the EU, labour migrants from third
countries recruited to plug a skillsshortage in a particular sector of the
economy and to asylum seekers and refugees (see Chapter 2).
Third, in France two terms are in frequent use