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Domestic troubles in post-war Britain
Jill Kirby

social attitudes and behaviours through a medium that itself was changing and in its turn effecting social change. 8 The representation of working-class life that they offered, while not unproblematic, shows how the meanings of everyday domestic experience were being reflected and constituted at the time. 9 The cumulative effect of exposure to specific portrayals of such experience in popular culture was an influential factor in changing notions of gender roles, leisure, privacy, work and personal relationships, all of which contributed to a growing popular

in Feeling the strain
Carol Helmstadter

This chapter discusses the nature of the Crimean War, a war which incorporated much of the old eighteenth-century style of warfare, especially on the Russian side, but on the allied side saw the beginnings of twentieth-century industrialized total war. It demonstrates why this put the Russians, whose agrarian economy was based on serf labor, at an exponentially greater disadvantage, placing added burdens on the Russian nurses. In the Russian and Ottoman empires there had been little social change since the Napoleonic Wars, but the industrial revolution had produced significant changes in Britain, France, and Piedmont-Sardinia. At the same time, in these three countries a humanitarian movement was developing, and the populations were more literate and better able to put pressure on their governments, thus politicizing diplomacy and war service. The chapter explains the very major differences between military and civilian patients. It also includes an outline of the war as seen by a veteran soldier, and details the status of medicine and nursing in the 1850s.

in Beyond Nightingale
Tommy Dickinson

peace were many’.57 Rebuilding the Empire, 1945–1951 After World War II, fears surrounding homosexuality acquired a particularly powerful resonance, and narratives of sexual danger as corruption predominated in public discourse.58 For many observers, the rapid social changes unleashed by the war seemed to have rendered Britain’s stability problematic. In the immediate post-war years, Harry Hopkins argues that the country had the atmosphere of one ‘huge transit camp’.59 Public transport was dirty, overcrowded and tardy; there were no dining cars on trains, and the

in ‘Curing queers’
Burn-out and the paradigm of stress
Jill Kirby

counter-culture of the 1960s and were intended to bring about social change through caring for the often-marginalised elements of society. What Freudenberger and others, such as social psychologist Christine Maslach, proposed as a solution to burn-out was a reversal of focus. Rather than concentrate on the needs of clients, as was the underlying ethos of human services, workers should instead focus on their own individual needs. Thus, the drive for social change became subordinated to the need for self-help, self-care and self-protection. 14 By

in Feeling the strain
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Historicising a ‘revolution’
Julian M. Simpson

279 Conclusion: historicising a ‘revolution’ One of my aims in this book was to contribute to a different way of thinking about the history of immigration. This involves seeing it as a component of wider social change rather than focusing exclusively on identity, culture and difference or ‘problematic’ migrants subject to public hostility and/​or government and professional controls. In 1991, Orin Starn wrote a seminal article critiquing his fellow anthropologists’ approach to the study of Andean populations; in his view their perspective was distorted by what

in Migrant architects of the NHS
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Debbie Palmer

more recruits to staff the NHS but also reflects wider social changes regarding women’s education and work. Historiography regarding gender and nursing highlights nurse leaders’ use of gender ideologies and imagery to promote their case for professional status.15 This book goes one step further by examining the impact of this relationship on the management of the occupational health of nurses. Ideas about the relationship between gender and nurses’ health changed over time, reflecting wider social debates about women’s position in society. Building on the Victorian

in Who cared for the carers?
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Jill Kirby

twentieth century, there was a belief that modern life itself was becoming increasingly challenging to the psyche. Every decade of the century provides examples of concerns that technological, economic and social changes were increasing the pressure on people's everyday lives. While in the first half of the century in Britain technological developments such as telephony, radio, motor vehicles and cinema were blamed, later concerns focused on consumer culture, the digital industrial revolution and the conversion to an economy based on service industries rather than

in Feeling the strain
Open Access (free)
Melissa Dickson, Emilie Taylor-Brown and Sally Shuttleworth

, ‘primitive’ lives without overexerting their mental faculties, were supposedly spared the sufferings of the neurasthenic. Thus, Schuster notes, ‘by explaining who was not susceptible to neurasthenia – Catholics, southerners, Indians, blacks – Beard was framing neurasthenia as a primarily white, Anglo-Saxon, Protestant, Yankee condition’. 6 Implicit in Beard's claims is a form of social change whereby ‘civilisation’, figured here as an external and rather violent force, ‘ invades any nation’ in the form of specific social

in Progress and pathology
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Katherine Foxhall

and the Hidden History of American Conser- vation (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2003 ); Conevery Bolton Valencius, The Health of the Country: How American Settlers Understood Themselves and Their Land (New York: Basic Books, 2002 ). 28 Charles Rosenberg, ‘The Therapeutic Revolution: Medicine, meaning and social change in nineteenth-century America’, in Morris Vogel and Charles Rosenberg (eds) The Therapeutic Revolution: Essays in the Social History of American

in Health, medicine, and the sea
Self-help books in the early decades of the twentieth century
Jill Kirby

about the possibility of another, coupled with economic turbulence and social change, gave the public an appetite for knowledge about and the vocabulary with which to express such worries. 45 The idea of psychological suffering became normalised as part of modern life, and so, arguably, seeking help to deal with it also became normalised, although it still needed to be managed with discretion. There were undoubtedly many reasons why people chose to buy or borrow a book rather than consulting a doctor. Certainly there was a high level of stigma still attached to

in Feeling the strain