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Author: Patsy Stoneman

This study portrays Elizabeth Gaskell as an important social analyst who deliberately challenged the Victorian disjunction between public and private ethical values, maintaining a steady resistance to aggressive authority and advocating female friendship, rational motherhood and the power of speech as forces for social change. Since 1987, Gaskell's work has risen from minor to major status. Despite a wealth of subsequent gender-oriented criticism, however, this book's combination of psychoanalytic and political analysis is challenging in its use of modern motherhood theories. It presents the original text unchanged (except for bibliographical updating), together with a new critical Afterword. The Afterword offers detailed evaluation of all the Gaskell criticism published between 1985 and 2004 that has a bearing on the book's subject, and thus provides both a wide-ranging debate on the social implications of motherhood and a survey of Gaskell criticism over the last twenty years. This edition, with an updated bibliography and index, will bring the book to a new audience, while also offering a comprehensive overview of current Gaskell studies.

Open Access (free)
Photography and Social Change in James Baldwin’s America
Makeda Best

This essay explores an exhibition at the Harvard Art Museums, installed in the fall of 2018, entitled Time is Now: Photography and Social Change in James Baldwin’s America.

James Baldwin Review
Par Kumaraswami, Antoni Kapcia and Meesha Nehru

the government payroll, and with increased self-employment and small enterprises. The Revolution’s social trajectory This long process of political change since 1959 also saw a parallel process of social change. The most immediate change was to the class structure, produced by the exodus of the old elite and middle class from 1960; by the early 1970s, almost a million had left, mostly for the United States. While the political effects were mixed (creating an electorally powerful and solid support for the embargo, but removing a potentially damaging opposition and

in Literary culture in Cuba
Sexuality, trauma and history in Edna O’Brien and John McGahern
Michael G. Cronin

these issues in new ways. Arguably, the novels contributed to the broader cultural reconfiguration of sexuality and social change that was under way in Ireland. Even if Irish sexual values and behaviour did not undergo the kind of transformation that became known as the ‘sexual revolution’ elsewhere in the West, sexuality was nevertheless foregrounded in public discourse in that decade. The Vatican Council (1962–65) initiated significant changes in Irish Catholicism and created an expectation that the Church’s position on the use of artificial birth control within

in Impure thoughts
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Michael G. Cronin

Ireland is invariably explained as the result of inertia induced by lazy, sectarian national chauvinism and mindless Catholic piety. But if McCourt’s memoir has done much to determine and reinforce certain conceptions of postindependence Irish history, O’Faolain’s Are You Somebody? is indispensible for thinking about social change in Ireland during the latter half of the century. As O’Faolain outlines in her introduction, this autobiographical essay was initially intended to merely introduce a collection of her Irish Times columns but it expanded in length and the

in Impure thoughts
Social semantics and experiments in fiction
Lynne Hapgood

literary realism can be simultaneously stable (an accessible, truthful representation of social conditions at a particular historical moment) yet sufficiently unstable to suggest an evolving discourse (a vision of future possibilities both linguistic and political). This difficulty was certainly not unique to Harkness, but in a period of significant social change it went to the very heart of her task. Social semantics, that is, a common discourse carrying cultural meaning in the process of refinement by dynamic contemporary usage, is the raw material that a novelist

in Margaret Harkness
Charlotte McIvor

the 1990s and 2000s. In the context of an Irish theatre scene criticised by Jason King and George Seremba among others for being largely silent about social change related to immigration (King, 2005: 121; 2007: 41–2), the work of these men is both extremely important and crucially limited. As Patrick Lonergan argues, ‘it is important not to exaggerate the value of white middle-class writers producing plays for white middle-class audiences about the marginalization of Ireland’s most recent immigrants’ (2004: 150). Lonergan implies that the perspectives of white Irish

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
The representations of non-Irish immigrants in recent Irish crime fiction
David Clark

number of ­circumstances have given rise to a situation in which, for the first time, Irish readers are demanding novels and other narratives which portray Irish crime taking place within contemporary Ireland and involving Irish criminals, Irish police, Irish representatives of the law and of the media, and other related social groupings. The not altogether coincidental concurrence of this new crime fiction with a period of fast and all-encompassing economic and social change has meant that of all literary forms, it is crime narrative which has most accurately and most

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
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The immigrant in contemporary Irish literature
Pilar Villar-Argáiz

the mainstream literary sphere. Ten years have now passed since Kiberd’s claim in 2003 that ‘[t]here is no major celebration or corrosive criticism of [Ireland’s profound social change] in good novels, plays or poetry’ (2005: 276), and his assertion is being challenged by the publication of numerous works which have brought centre-stage the existence of migrant communities in Ireland, a presence rarely perceived before in Irish literature. Some iconic examples include in short fiction Roddy Doyle’s The Deportees (2008), in the theatrical arena Dermot Bolger’s The

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland
The new Irish multicultural fiction
Amanda Tucker

multiculturalism.1 One pertinent example is the short film titled The Richness of Change (2008), a ten-minute documentary that was commissioned by the Immigrant Council of Ireland and created by the Forum on Migration and Communications (FOMACS). Dedicated to creating social change in Ireland, FOMACS has proven particularly adept at shifting perceptions of immigrants from an amorphous group to distinct individuals: for instance, the animated project Abbi’s Circle focuses on the daily life and challenges of a school-aged African migrant. As a result, it forces viewers to think

in Literary visions of multicultural Ireland