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Punk, politics and resistance

The Subcultures Network is a cross-disciplinary research network for scholars and students interested in the relationship between subcultures (in all their forms) and wider processes of social, cultural and political change. Bringing together theoretical analyses, empirical studies and methodological discussions, the network is designed to explore the relationships between subcultures and their historical context, and the place of subcultures within patterns of cultural and political change. This book is very much a product of the Network's brief and emerged, in large part, from the inaugural symposium held at London Metropolitan University in September 2011. The book is divided into three parts, each with a broadly defined theme. The first of these relates to punk and identity, particularly with regard to gender, class, age and race. The second part looks at punk's relationship to locality and space. In particular, it deals with two overlapping processes. First, the ways in which punk's transmission allowed for diverse interpretation and utilisation of the cultural form beyond local, regional and national boundaries. Second, the extent to which punk's aesthetic and expression was shaped by, inspired and reflected the environments in which its protagonists lived. The third and final part concentrates on communication and reception. From within the culture, the language of punk is brought under discursive analysis by Melani Schröter, who looks at the critiques of 'normality' contained within the lyrics of German punk bands from the late 1970s through to the present day.

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Michael Breen, Michael Courtney, Iain Mcmenamin, Eoin O’Malley and Kevin Rafter

, and social change. If they had limited impact Conclusion 143 in Ireland, we can expect them to have had even more limited or virtually no impact elsewhere. It may be that, due to the path dependency of media systems, such exogenous factors matter more across, rather than within, national media systems. Nonetheless, comparative research has not discovered strong consistent patterns (de Vreese et al., 2016). The liberalisation of the sector, combined with its small scale and economic crisis meant that, if there was an economic basis to hypercritical infotainment

in Resilient reporting
Michael Breen, Michael Courtney, Iain Mcmenamin, Eoin O’Malley and Kevin Rafter

painfully hip at pensionable age normally means exactly that’ (Molony, 2016). However, it is much less obvious how prevalent sexism is, what forms it takes, and to which extent it has changed over time. Attitudes to gender in Ireland have changed massively in the period covered by our study. We can test the effect of exogenous social change on the Irish media by looking at gender bias. Indeed, we can also check the extent to which the media was an agent of social change in this respect. As in the other chapters, we do not look at a small number of episodes in detail

in Resilient reporting
Conversation between party and nation
Stephen Ingle

traced back to Restoration Toryism but the modern party took its shape in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries during a period of profound social change (see Mandler, 2007 ; Kumar, 2003 ). It is indicative of the confusion outlined in the introduction that when traditional English values were enlisted in the campaign to contain social change and parliamentary reform, the key thinker who deployed

in These Englands
Mark Garavan

conducted, seemed to me particularly exciting. Here was an approach which combined political, philosophical and cultural processes to achieve radical social change but refused to subordinate means to ends. In my subsequent work with homeless people in the Dublin Simon Community I glimpsed the value of Freire’s emphasis on reading reality ‘from below’: from the perspective of the poor and oppressed, rather than ­imposing theoretical frameworks of liberation on them. Many times I was rightly rebuked by homeless people, Travellers and prisoners for my earnest claims that I

in Mobilising classics
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

also an understanding of the processes of social change. Preindustrial society and its deep emotional ties to traditional national identity was the major casualty of this vast social and intellectual change. Nationalism, as Ernest Gellner argues in Nations and Nationalism ( 1983 ), became an ideological tool of elites to mobilise people to welcome change. The nation was claimed to have deep historical roots, compensating people for the loss of

in Understanding political ideas and movements
George Ross

managerialism distanced leaders from their supporters. Becoming more ‘catch-all’ electorally in order to appeal beyond traditional bases complicated political appeals. Rapid cultural and social changes in occupational structures, residential suburbanisation, the slow ‘massification’ of higher education and the coming of television obliged social democratic leaders to rely less on a ‘big tent’ model and more on new political technologies. Radical, economically risky, reforms thus came less often, even in small places Social democracy and social movements45 like Sweden where

in European social democracy during the global economic crisis
Brian Hanley

’t 233 234 The impact of the Troubles 1968–79 the Brits get out and let them all slaughter each other if that’s how they feel? There’s nothing to choose between them. Why did we ever long for a united Ireland?’174 Even for those who professed little interest in it, the northern conflict formed a backdrop to almost all aspects of life throughout the 1970s. There was no corner of southern society that remained unaffected. The economy, the state’s relationship with Britain, popular culture and debates about social change were all linked at some stage to the ‘Troubles

in The impact of the Troubles on the Republic of Ireland, 1968–79
Author: Bryan Fanning

In the last decade, Ireland's immigrant population grew to more than one in ten. Now in the midst of an economic crisis, the integration of immigrants has become a topical issue. This book offers a detailed account of how immigrants in Ireland are faring. Drawing extensively on demographic data and research on immigrant lives, immigrant participation in Irish politics and the experiences of immigrants living in deprived communities, it offers a thorough study of the immigrant experience in Ireland today. Chapters and case studies examine the effects of immigration on social cohesion, the role of social policy, the nature and extent of segregation in education, racism and discrimination in the labour market, and barriers faced by immigrants seeking Irish citizenship. The book contributes to the field of integration studies through its focus on the capabilities and abilities needed by immigrants to participate successfully in Irish society. It follows two previous books by the author for Manchester University Press: Racism and Social Change in the Republic of Ireland (2002) and Immigration and Social Change in the Republic of Ireland (2007).

Anca Mihaela Pusca

the revolution—seeking to understand the basis on which the democratic future of Romania was built and questioning the extent to which these original ideals or illusions match up with later assumptions about what people wanted and how they envisioned the democratic transformation. The study also offers an alternative explanation and classification of utopias or illusions by turning towards the fields of sociology and psychology, in order to better understand the way in which individuals and collectives use these illusions to navigate instances of social change. By

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment