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Politics and society in Northern Ireland over half a century

After three decades of violence, Northern Ireland has experienced unprecedented peace. It is now generally accepted that the peace accord which ended the Northern Ireland conflict, the 1998 Belfast Agreement, is an exemplar of this trend. This book examines the impact of the 1998 Agreement which halted the violence on the Northern Irish people. It covers changes in public opinion across all areas of society and politics, including elections, education, community relations and national identity. The surveys presented show that despite peace, Protestants and Catholics remain as deeply divided as ever. The book examines the development of the theory of consociationalism and how it has been woven into the intellectual debate about the nature of the Northern Ireland conflict. The role of religion in conflict transformation has emerged as an important issue in Northern Ireland. Ethnonationalism in Northern Ireland is fuelled by its multifaceted and complex nature. The constitutional position of Northern Ireland has been the topic of recurring debate since partition in 1920. The role of education in promoting social cohesion in post-conflict societies is often controversial. The book explores both the nature and extent of victimhood and the main perpetrators of the political violence. The key elements of a consociational approach include a grand coalition representing the main segments of society; proportionality in representation; community (segmental) autonomy; and mutual vetoes on key decisions. The main lesson of peace-making in Northern Ireland is that political reform has to be accompanied by social change across the society as a whole.

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Lindsey Dodd

; that is, they are private people and not the leading lights of a political, cultural or social public scene, and are drawn from the mass of invisible actors whose cumulative actions and decisions create social change. They may share external characteristics, living, for example, in the same locality, attending the same school or being little girls or adolescent boys. Yet they are, at the core, individual subjectivities, whose internal characteristics are unique. I previously cited Jean-François Murraciole’s comment that the Allied bombing was a ‘black hole’ in

in French children under the Allied bombs, 1940–45
Andreas Fischer- Lescano

University Press, 2012), 88. 48 O. Kirchheimer, “The Socialist and Bolshevik Theory of the State’ [1928], in Politics, Law, and Social Change: Selected Essays of Otto Kirchheimer, eds F. S. Burin and K. L. Shell (New York: Columbia University Press, 1969), 3–​21; R. Wiethölter, “Recht-​Fertigungen eines Gesellschafts-​Rechts,” in Christian Joerges et al. (eds), Rechtsverfassungsrecht: Recht-​Fertigung zwischen Privatrechtsdogmatik und Gesellschaftstheorie (Baden-​Baden: Nomos, 2003), 13–​21. 49 For the proceedings in administrative court, see Cologne Administrative

in Law and violence
Open Access (free)
Redefining security in the Middle East
Tami Amanda Jacoby and Brent E. Sasley

differences between Islam as a spiritual faith and Islamism as a politicized form of religion with tendencies to neo-absolutism and violence. This chapter explores fundamental issues related to Islamophobia and the West, the relationship between Islam and democracy, and circumstances for groups and parties to gain political power and effect social change through indigenous tools and symbols. The intricate

in Redefining security in the Middle East
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Sandra Buchanan

posits that ‘citizen-based peacemaking must be seen as instrumental and integral, not peripheral, to sustaining change’, 2 which he believes lies within the middle range of actors. Lederach understands the approach offered by the middle range as a web approach to constructive social change, finding that with the web approach ‘political negotiation is not the primary nor the

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Social policy in the strong society
Jenny Andersson

. The concept of growth, historically a metaphor that implied a balance between economic and social change and that saw economic change as an organic process, circumscribed by limits posed by social structures or the scarcity of resources, became reconceptualised as a question of virtually limitless industrial expansion. The very notion of progress became intrinsically linked to this idea of economic

in Between growth and security
Paul Holtom

1 Owen Greene, ‘Examining international responses to illicit arms trafficking’, Crime, Law and Social Change , 33 (2000), p. 152. 2 Mark Phythian, ‘The illicit arms trade: Cold War and post-Cold War’, Crime, Law and Social Change , 33 (2000), p. 18

in The security dimensions of EU enlargement
Sandra Buchanan

caught up in it must focus on ‘how to create and sustain a platform capable of generating adaptive change processes that address both the episodic expression of the conflict and the epicenter of the conflictive relational context … The creation of such a platform … is one of the fundamental building blocks for supporting constructive social change over time.’ 96 While addressing the

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
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Adrian Millar

so many years. The real problem with change is not so much mapping change but encouraging positive change. So the question is how can the results of such a research project be brought to bear on conflict management? One needs to develop a theoretically sound programme for social change and a practical way of implementing this. Having ascertained where people are stuck, one would need to develop

in Socio-ideological fantasy and the Northern Ireland conflict
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Peter Shirlow, Jonathan Tonge, James McAuley and Catherine McGlynn

space in Northern Irish politics. As shown within this book there is an understanding that a previous discourse served to protect communities inspired by fear of insecurity and promoted a shift from defence to assault. That language no longer offers any sense of protection and has no need of such. Distancing themselves from that language has meant that former prisoners have obtained a language of political and social

in Abandoning historical conflict?