political and socialchanges in the last generations of Irish autonomy. It analyzes architectural types and techniques associated with the late Elizabethan colonization of Munster, which may be applicable to early modern Ireland in general. The chapter concludes with a study of the tower-house, which was used widely by both Irish aristocracy and English colonial landowners. A key period in Irish history, the reign of Elizabeth began with a medieval, semi-feudal society and ended with a central state authority and displaced populations.
the typical martyred action hero is ‘characterized by a form of
paranoia’ (235) about ‘white male decentering and
decline’ that ‘has become one of the master
narratives in post-1960s American culture’ (238, emphasis
original). The hero becomes a stand-in for ‘white masculinity as
the “victim” of progressive socialchange’ (Fradley
239), and, by mastering the physical risk to which he submits himself
liberating woman from male mastery and from self-induced suffering. The
patriarchal building-block is thus drawn into currents of immense socialchange.
Books 1 and 2 present an intellective allegory in
complementary modes, one reforming higher reason ( mens ), the
other reforming lower reason ( ratio ), both informed by
Christian-Platonic tripartism. Besides the triadic family grouping at
, 1998), pp. 62–81 and
M. W. Bloomfield, The Seven Deadly Sins
(East Lansing: Michigan State College Press, 1952), pp. 74–5;
see further L. K. Little, ‘Pride goes before avarice: socialchange and the vices in Latin Christendom’, American
Historical Review , 76 (1971), 16–49; M. E
motherhood as instinctive and natural: as a given. 4 This continuity of meaning is essential to
the construction of the mother figure in dramatic and other discourses from the
second half of the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries because it enables
her to offer a consistent emotional focus throughout the political, religious
and socialchanges of the period.
If motherhood operates as a relatively unchanging idea, however,
it is also
required into the extent to which notions of
‘finish’ alter in accordance with political and socialchange in the latter part of the seventeenth century. Such explorations
may tell us more about ideas of completion and finitude in the period
directly prior to this; however, it is not on this note that I wish to
end this book.
The preoccupation with indefinite processes of making and
Gender and conversion in the early modern Mediterranean
Century Journal , 12 ( 1982 ), 180.
Marc Baer, ‘Islamic conversion
narratives of women: socialchange and gendered religious
hierarchy in early modern Ottoman Istanbul’, Gender &
History , 16 ( 2004 ), 426; Stephen Ortega,
‘“Pleading for help”: gender relations and
Erotic commodification, cross-cultural conversion, and the bed-trick on the English stage, 1580–1630
and socialchange in early modern England (New
York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002 ); Paul Slack, Poverty and
policy in Tudor and Stuart England (London and
New York: Longman, 1988 ); and Keith Wrightson, Earthly necessities: economic lives
in early modern Britain (New Haven, CT: Yale
University Press, 2000
experiments like the royal tombs in Westminster Abbey and the flamboyant Nonsuch Palace were financed by Henry VII and VIII, but a broader impetus for architectural innovation seems not to have taken place until political culture and socialchange created a mid-sixteenth-century ‘classical moment’ of self-fashioning by the new Tudor courtier class. 5 A strong Gothic tradition, however, took post-Perpendicular forms in such features as staircases and bay windows. Two late medieval trends, the widespread application of battlements and the growth in number or size of towers
in paper and storage while waiting for works to sell.16
14 Gilbert (eds), Calendar of the ancient records of Dublin, vol. i, p. 463; vol. ii, pp. 97, 118,
15 Dublin City Archives, MR/15, pp. 206, 207, 329, 662, 739.
16 Raymond Gillespie, Reading Ireland: Print, reading and socialchange in early modern
Ireland (Manchester, 2005), pp. 55–7; see also Wilkinson’s chapter in this volume.
GRIBBEN 9781526113245 PRINT.indd 41
This does not mean that Dublin was without books for most of the
sixteenth century. The