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Dimitris Dalakoglou

8 Infrastructures, borders, (im)mobility, or  the material and social construction of  new Europe The pathos of all bourgeois monuments is that their material strength and solidity actually count for nothing and carry no weight at all, that they are blown away like frail reeds by the very forces of capitalist development that they celebrate. Even the most beautiful and impressive bourgeois buildings and public works are disposable, capitalized for fast depreciation and planned to be obsolete, closer in their social functions to tents and encampments than to

in The road
Derek Robbins

4 Maurice Merleau-Ponty, 1908–61 This chapter focuses on the career and work of Merleau-Ponty. He remained in France for the whole of his life, enduringly initiated into the French intellectual tradition. During the 1930s he worked with Gurwitsch and was also responsible for publicizing some of the late work of Husserl which, during the war, was held in archives in Louvain. He was involved, with Sartre, in attempting to conceptualize post-war social construction. He tried to integrate his phenomenological thinking with political engagement in a way which had

in The Bourdieu paradigm
Towards a phenomenology of the ‘visible’ in criminal justice
Matthew R. Draper and David Polizzi

the victim in this case. Given that each of these photographs brought with them a very specific and intended semiotic process, it was essential that this narrative not be ‘derailed’ by the empathic construction of Martin by the jury. What this process of social construction reveals is its underlying phenomenology as this relates to the perpetuation of the narrative of anti-​black racism. Zimmerman’s defence counsel was ultimately successful in his strategy for the simple reason that the phenomenology of anti-​black racism was able to overwrite the possibility of any

in Law in popular belief
Phil Almond

social construction of labour markets, while giving greater emphasis to the ways that, within ‘variegated’ neoliberal capitalism (Peck and Theodore, 2007), the dynamics of competitiveness both depend on, but also challenge, relatively coherent ‘societal’ fixes as to the nature of socio-productive systems. International competition and societal effects At one level, specific factors causing increased international competition for production can readily be identified: the more systematic incorporation of large parts of the Global South into global circuits of capital

in Making work more equal
Abstract only
An ethnography of (im)mobility, space, and cross-border infrastructures in the Balkans

This book is an ethnographic and historical study of the main Albanian-Greek cross-border highway. It is not merely an ethnography on the road but an anthropology of the road. Complex sociopolitical phenomena such as EU border security, nationalist politics, transnational kinship, social–class divisions, or post–cold war capitalism, political transition, and financial crises in Europe—and more precisely in the Balkans—can be seen as phenomena that are paved in and on the cross-border highway. The highway studied is part of an explicit cultural–material nexus that includes elements such as houses, urban architecture, building materials, or vehicles. Yet even the most physically rooted and fixed of these entities are not static, but have fluid and flowing physical materialities. The highway featured in this book helps us to explore anew classical anthropological and sociological categories of analysis in direct reference to the infrastructure. Categories such as the house, domestic life, the city, kinship, money, boundaries, nationalism, statecraft, geographic mobility, and distance, to name but a few, seem very different when seen from or on the road.

Open Access (free)
Politics of movement

This book brings together a number of contributions that look into the political regulation of movement and analyses that engage the material enablers of and constraints on such movement. It attempts to bridge theoretical perspectives from critical security studies and political geography in order to provide a more comprehensive perspective on security and mobility. In this vein, the book brings together approaches to mobility that take into account both techniques and practices of regulating movement, as well as their underlying infrastructures. Together the contributions inquire into a politics of movement that lies at the core of the production of security. Drawing on the insight that security is a contingent concept that hinges on the social construction of threat – which in turn must be understood through its political, social, economic, and cultural dimensions – the contributors offer fine-grained perspectives on a presumably mobile and insecure world. The title of the book, Security/Mobility, is a direct reference to this world that at times appears dominated by these two paradigms. As is shown throughout the book, rather than being opposed to each other, a great deal of political effort is undertaken in order to reconcile the need for security and the necessity of mobility. Running through the book is the view that security and mobility are entangled in a constant dynamic – a dynamic that converges in what is conceptualised here as a politics of movement.

Martyn Hammersley

This chapter considers the influence of ethnomethodology on qualitative research methodology, one of the main areas of mainstream social science where it has had an impact. The reception of Cicourel’s (1964) book Method and Measurement in Sociology is discussed, and also how conversation analysis shaped the work of many discourse analysts and some ethnographers. Cicourel’s argument is outlined: that sociology needs to be re-founded methodologically on an empirical theory that respects the complex and contingent character of human action and communication, along lines suggested by ethnomethodology. His early work encouraged the rise of qualitative research and reflexive attention to the processes by which data are produced; though these developments often tended to go in directions that were at odds with his conception of rigorous analysis. Later, conversation analysis encouraged the use of electronic recordings and transcriptions as data, raised doubts about the traditional uses of interviews, and encouraged the micro-analysis of patterns of social interaction. Furthermore, like Cicourel’s work, it facilitated the spread of social constructionism. It is argued that these effects have been beneficial in many respects but more negative in others.

in The radicalism of ethnomethodology
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Nicole Vitellone

as a way of controlling the transmission of HIV/AIDS and STDs has generally been understood as having a negative outcome in reducing the exchange of bodily fluids because of the social construction of gender. Put simply, gender is seen to have a negative impact on the ability of heterosexual women to achieve safer sex. For example, in the US Patton suggests: Monogamy and condom use as promoted in the media are fraught with danger. Women exist in a sexual economy where they have unequal power in relationship to potential sex partners; this inhibits their ability to

in Object matters
The intersections of language, space and time
Bettina Migge and Mary Gilmartin

the two interviews, and in the broader context of UK migration to Ireland. We have limited means of verifying Mike’s narrative: we do know where he works, but we have to take his word about his marital status, where he lives and his parents’ background. This is a broader issue with interview-based research on 3995 Migrations.qxd:text 206 5/8/13 11:39 Page 206 I NTERSECTIONS migration in the social sciences: migrant narratives are most often accepted as representations of reality, despite the clear ways in which they serve as dynamic social constructions of

in Migrations
Abstract only
Joe McGrath

victims and this made them seem invisible. They traditionally lacked the sensationalism of conventional crimes and therefore did not dominate the media in the same way, a factor which also contributed to their seeming invisibility. Furthermore, the public perception of the criminal continued to be informed by this classic form. He was the drug dealer, the rapist, or the murderer who hid down a dark alley, but not your neighbour, the company director, who drove a nice car and wore a suit to work. The social construction of crimes and criminals was understandable given

in Corporate and white-collar crime in Ireland