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Alun Withey

Medicine, now virtually a discipline WITHEY 9780719085468 PRINT.indd 1 20/10/2011 16:28 Physick and the family of its own, has provided much of the impetus for this change. Old Whig notions of ‘Great Men’ doctors, miraculous discoveries and linear teleological progress have been largely abandoned in favour of more nuanced explorations of the many side alleys and dead ends of medical history; of the continuities as well as the changes.4 The influence of social-constructionism, to give one example, can be seen in the increasingly firm location of medical history

in Physick and the family
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Vanessa Heggie

retrospectively, so I have recognised, as far as possible, the pitfalls of making too many assumptions about what sports medicine ‘should’ look like in the past. This is therefore a book in broad sympathy with other accounts of the social construction of disease and health. 4 As the section below will show, when interrogated, sports medicine is revealed as a complex, contingent and heterogeneous set of practices, beliefs and practitioners. Its appearance in the twenty-first century as a coherent object is the consequence of a set of interlaced scientific and social

in A history of British sports medicine
The working lives of paid carers from 1800 to the 1990s
Anne Borsay and Pamela Dale

approaches’, in A. Borsay and B. Hunter (eds), Nursing and Midwifery in Britain since 1700 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), pp. 1–20 (pp. 8–9). 23 A. Kelly and A. Symonds, The Social Construction of Community Nursing (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003), pp. 135, 179. 24 D. Mitchell and J. Welshman, ‘In the shadow of the Poor Law: workforce issues’, in J. Welshman and J. Walmsley (eds), Community Care in Perspective: Care, Control and Citizenship (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), pp. 187–200. 25 Nolan, ‘History of mental health nursing and psychiatry

in Mental health nursing
Introducing the governmentality turn
Claire Edwards and Eluska Fernández

assumptions that underlie them (Lupton, 1995). Poststructural critiques, on the other hand, drawing on Foucault’s concept of power/knowledge, have highlighted the social construction of knowledge and the social processes involved in the production of medical knowledge. Through texts such as The Birth of the Clinic (1973) and Madness and Civilisation (1967), Foucault was concerned to show how biomedicine as an expert system had a strongly normalising imperative, and was intimately tied up in the creation of medical categories separating the ‘sick’ from the ‘well’, or ‘normal

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
From the healthy individual to a healthy population
Maria Pia Donato

Sylva, Romanorum lachrymae, p. 25. 35 Bernabei, Dissertazione, pp. 42, 45. 36 Mistichelli, Trattato dell’apoplessia, pp. 159, 162–3. 37 Bernabei, Dissertazione, p. 45. 38 Lancisi, De subitaneis mortibus, p. 79. 39 P. Dionis, Dissertation sur la mort subite et sur la catalepsie (Paris: d’Houry, 1710); Ramazzini, De principum valetudine, p. 69. 4 0 R. Jütte, ‘The social construction of illness in the Early Modern period’, in J. Lachmund and G. Stollberg (eds), The Social Construction of Illness (Stuttgart: Steiner, 1992) pp. 23–38; M. Stolberg, Experiencing

in Conserving health in early modern culture
Abstract only
Katherine Foxhall

). 20 Robert W. Harms, The Diligent: A Voyage through the Worlds of the Slave Trade (New York: Basic Books, 2002 ) ; Emma Christopher, Slave Ship Sailors and their Captive Cargoes (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006); Christopher et al., Many Middle Passages , p. 2. 21 Philip E. Steinberg, The Social Construction of the Ocean (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), p. 105. 22 For one historian who does emphasise materiality see Richard Drayton

in Health, medicine, and the sea
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Governmentality, health policy and the place of critical politics
Eluska Fernández and Claire Edwards

, 8(2): 43–64. Lippert, R. and Stenson, K. (2010) Advancing governmentality studies: lessons from social constructionism. Theoretical Criminology, 14(4): 473–494. McKee, K. (2009) Post-Foucauldian governmentality: what does it offer critical social policy analysis? Critical Social Policy, 29(3): 465–486. O’Malley, P. (1996) Indigenous governance. Economy and Society, 25(3): 310–326. O’Malley, P., Weir, L. and Shearing, C. (1997) Governmentality, criticism, politics. Economy and Society, 26(4): 501–517. Osborne, T. (1997) Of health and statecraft. IN: Petersen, A

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Martin D. Moore

. Pinch (eds.), The Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology , Anniversary Edition (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012 [1987]), pp. 11–44, or of ‘platforms’ in P. Keating and A. Cambrosio, ‘Cancer clinical trials: the emergence and development of a new style of practice’, Bulletin of the History of Medicine , 81:1 (2007), 197–223, esp. pp. 198–9. Each term belongs to a specific theoretical school. My use of ‘technology’ derives from my interests as a social historian of medicine, and is to be differentiated

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Ida Milne

crisis’, in Virginia Crossman and Sean Lucey, eds, Healthcare in Ireland and Britain 1850–​1970:  Voluntary, Regional and Comparative Perspectives. (London: Institute for Historical Research, 2015), pp. 217–​36. 28 Robert Aronowitz, ‘Lyme disease: the social construction of a new disease and its social consequences’, Milbank Quarterly, lxix, no. 1 (1991), pp. 79–​112.

in Stacking the coffins
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The practice of nursing and the exigencies of war
Jane Brooks and Christine E. Hallett

, impacted on the professional identity of nursing itself. By rising to the challenges posed by a need 14 Introduction to blend both the apparently mundane and highly gendered work of caring for patients’ physical and emotional needs with the clearly scientific and intricate work of implementing the latest technologies, nurses influenced not only the expectations of the societies in which they operated but their own thinking about the significance of their practice. Notes  1 Janet S. K. Watson, ‘Wars in the wards: The social construction of medical work in First World

in One hundred years of wartime nursing practices, 1854–1953