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Order
Mona Abaza

precisely because of their poor education and low status. But al-Sennawi rightly insists that they are perceived as both the evil victimisers and the victims of the corrupt and vindictive state apparatus, because of their position at the bottom of the hierarchy. Their protests were a response to the killing of three officers and the wounding of several others in a terrorist attack (which have significantly multiplied against police forces in the past years) on the road between Damanhour and Rashid. Al-Sennawi draws an analogy with the violent 1987 rebellion of the police

in Cairo collages
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Al-‘imaara (the building) as topos
Mona Abaza

walls were added much later after the violent incidents. These are fierce walls that are meant to prevent car bombs and terrorist attacks. Immediately obvious are the concrete-block walls, which were erected by the army during the Mohamed Mahmud violence. The entrance to Sheikh Tale I: Al-‘imaara (the building) as topos 39 Rihan Street from Kasr al-Aini Street remained barricaded until recently by yet another concrete wall. The concrete wall that blocked off Kasr al-Aini Street from Tahrir Square, erected at the end of 2011, was replaced in 2014–15 by iron

in Cairo collages
Open Access (free)
The Quinta Normal Park – Colectivo MapsUrbe
,

. It then jumps from the terrorist attacks on the Twin Towers in the USA in 2001 to the historical escape from prison of a member of the revolutionary paramilitary organisation Frente Patriotico Manuel Rodríguez in 1996, and on to the related case of the homicide of Jaime Guzmán in 1991, a former counsellor of Augusto Pinochet during the dictatorship. The final ‘jump’ is the most significant one, right to 11 September 1973. The date 11 September in 1541, when Michimalogko was defeated, and in

in Performing the jumbled city
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Commute
Mona Abaza

the grandfather dies. Terrorist attacks are countless, just as Egypt has experienced recently. The army and the police forces degenerate into fragmented, lawless militias. The country is invaded by a possible mercenary army from Malta, speaking numerous foreign languages, including central Asian languages. Cairo’s social divisions are pushed to the extreme into infernal, outsized, inhuman underworlds of prostitution, violence, and underground checkpoints. The city descends into localised urban wars and dangerous zones, with numerous snipers who enjoy killing passers

in Cairo collages
From Ottoman railway lines to contemporary migrant transportation
Rozita Dimova

managed to travel around 30,000–40,000 kilometers, connecting places such as Bitola, Prilep, Veles, Štip, or Skopje (Битоски, Пистиќ and Крстески 1973 , 101). With the end of the Second Balkan War, railway transportation returned to normal, operating both passenger and freight trains. At the dawn of World War One, the number of employees working on the railways steadily increased. The war period was marked by frequent terrorist attacks. This time they were organized by so-called Vrhovisti, revolutionaries sent to Macedonia by Bulgaria with a mission to correct the

in Border porosities
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Centralising emotions in football fandom
Mark Doidge
,
Radosław Kossakowski
, and
Svenja Mintert

ultras group. Collins (2004) highlighted DOIDGE__9780719027624_Print.indd 64 08/01/2020 10:19 Centralising emotions 65 how the firefighters became the symbols after the 9/11 terrorist attack on New York. Amidst the confusion and chaos of the attack, the firefighters resorted to their training and commanded the emotional space of the event; they took control and coordinated the rescue and cleanup. In a similar manner, the capos dominate the emotional space at the front of the football crowd. They have to be able to manage their emotions, and with them, the emotions

in Ultras
Mark Doidge
,
Radosław Kossakowski
, and
Svenja Mintert

match with AS Monaco the day after a terrorist attack had targeted the official team bus. The drums maintained the sombre emotions in the stadium, and the fans sought to intimidate those around, particularly the opposing players. Militaristic chants have been incorporated into the repertoire of some ultras groups. Military music and songs are designed to build group cohesion and rhythm to ensure the battalion keeps to the same pace. It also functions as an emotional focus which brings the collective together, reinforces the dichotomy between ‘we’ and ‘them’, and

in Ultras
Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

disparate social movements,21 to the Argentine military there was no doubt about them belonging to a process with a worldwide reach that was against ‘Western Christian civilization’, as part of a ‘third world war’ of a ‘revolutionary’ nature. Thus, for the Argentine military, a questioning of established authority, sympathy for egalitarian projects, labour-union demands, and student agitation were all considered to be of the same nature as a terrorist attack on the state. These changes to the definition of the ‘internal enemy’ took place within an ideological framework

in Destruction and human remains
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Creative belonging
Paul Carter

terrorist attack in the Ukraine in July 2014. As a preliminary to it, I should mention that during an early interview Anthony and Marite had entrusted us with a portfolio of drawings done by the three children, some of which, as I noted shortly after, ‘bore an uncanny resemblance to Waugal, as he is described by Noongar people. Other drawings are reminiscent of the Chinese New Year Dragon. These drawings have remarkable energy and successfully convey a powerful creative force.’  35

in Translations, an autoethnography
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On crisis and the making of golden passports
Theodoros Rakopoulos

on wage earners who had accumulated life savings that in some cases far exceeded 100,000 euros, in order to provide for their children’s future. Many people in Limassol are still shocked about what happened and the violence of the decision. I have even heard a person comparing it to a terrorist attack and another as carpet-bombing over innocents. A person I met in 2012, who had lived for years abroad

in Passport island