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Kelly Oliver

being and meaning – makes these acts not just violent but also abject. Julia Kristeva’s description of the abject is apt here. She maintains that the abject is not just what is disgusting or dirty but rather what calls into question the boundaries of the clean and proper. The abject is in-between, the double, that which cannot be neatly contained.6 It is ‘a terror that dissembles, a hatred that smiles, a passion that uses the body for barter instead of inflaming it, a debtor who sells you up, a friend who stabs you . . .’ (Kristeva, 1982: 4). Certainly this

in Democracy in crisis
Popular music
Sean Campbell and Gerry Smyth

the unique ‘stronghold’ that punk enjoyed in Ulster.12 The late Clash front man, Joe Strummer, for example, would maintain that punk supplied ‘the perfect soundtrack’ to what he called the north’s ‘ravaged cities’.13 In similar vein McLoone has claimed that Belfast and punk were effectively ‘made for one M1426 - COULTER TEXT.qxp:GRAHAM Q7 17/7/08 08:02 Page 237 From shellshock rock to ceasefire sounds 237 another’, suggesting, ‘If there was an element of “the abject” about punk . . . there was no more abject place in the Western world than Northern Ireland

in Northern Ireland after the troubles
Harry Blutstein

declaration was dedicated to dealing with ‘development and poverty eradication’, committing the UN to ‘spare no effort to free our fellow men, women and children from the abject and dehumanizing conditions of extreme poverty’.29 At the end of the session, leaders of 147 countries signed the Declaration, and soon after, all other members of the UN supported its recommendations, as did twenty-­three international organisations. Annan knew member countries had seldom honoured prior pledges, which had undermined earlier attempts of the UN to rally the world community to tackle

in The ascent of globalisation
Jeremi Suri

cultures and damaged millions of acres of land. The most modern technology has often produced the least liveable consequences.22 The abject poverty of a country like Haiti is a 40 40 American foreign policy testament to the failure of repeated American nation-​building efforts, especially on an island so close to the United States.23 A high proportion of the victims of American nation-​building activities have included men and women of non-​white races. That is not a coincidence. Although race has not always driven American decision-​making, American citizens have

in American foreign policy
Abstract only
Elizabeth Dauphinée

instances of violence as genocides, holocausts, massacres – exceptions to the normative play of politics; the perpetrators, exceptional in the measure of their cruelty; the victims, exceptional in the abject, nameless destruction to which their identification as ‘victims’ assigns them. The victims of the Shoah, the victims of Tuol Sleng, the victims of Srebrenica and Guernica and Hiroshima become a nameless horde of wronged people – and their namelessness in our conceptual reckoning works to secure us from their deaths. The desire to secure and to securitize – to insulate

in The ethics of researching war
Rosie Meade

, false consciousness, the place of the intellectual in social struggle, and the meaning and political value of resistance. In the following pages I try to explain why I regard The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists (TRTP) as a classic activist text, focusing on what I consider to be its most compelling themes. Doubtless, many readers will feel little connection to either the historical setting or the abject living conditions that it describes – in our time the anodyne phrase ‘social exclusion’ trumps ‘poverty’ in policy and public discourses. More problematically, TRTP

in Mobilising classics
Loïc Wacquant

hypertrophied and deliberately abstracted from their social environment, and into its symbolic mission to reassert common values through the public anathematisation of deviant categories, chief among them the unemployed ‘street thug’ and the ‘paedophile’, viewed as the walking incarnations of the abject failure to live up to the abstemious ethic of wage work and sexual self-control. Unlike its belle époque predecessor, this new-style Darwinism, which praises the ‘winners’ for their vigour and intelligence, and vituperates the ‘losers’ in the ‘struggle for economic life’ by

in Incarceration and human rights
Jacqueline Stevens

warrior’s nobility is like a prostitute’s smile, the truth of which is self-interest’ (Bataille, 1992: 59). Bataille’s analogy here is a little strange, because of the obvious lack of similarity between the nobility afforded the warrior and the abjection of the prostitute. The warrior’s nobility is not an individual’s demeanour but a social script that interpellates sacrificial decisions as noble. A prostitute’s smile, also scripted, is parasitic on an original of romantic intimacy; the commercial aspects of the affair make the smile false. The warrior’s nobility is

in Democracy in crisis
The aporias and prospects of cosmopolitan visuality
Fuyuki Kurasawa

, lighting, balance, editing, etc.) drive representational practices in order to seduce Western viewers into engaging with visual material, while the abject and extreme that comprise humanitarian crises become mere background elements.9 Conversely, these same viewers can experience ‘compassion fatigue’, an ethical numbing or indifference in the face of the banality of, or overexposure to, the humanitarian spectacle. The saturation of televised newscasts, newspaper pages and cyberspace with scenes from overseas crises may well make large segments of audiences in the North

in Democracy in crisis
Elizabeth Dauphinée

not always clear in the complexities of the interstices, in the intersectionality that lies inevitably within the taxonomy – the ontology – of place and of naming. This is not to deny the abject position of the murdered as murdered, nor to deny the responsibility of the murderer by attenuating the reader to extenuating circumstances or to the fact that the murderer may also be a victim of another sort in another situation. The point is to suggest that the complexity of these relationships exposes the ethical water as fundamentally murky, and that there is a

in The ethics of researching war