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The Manchester School, colonial and postcolonial transformations
Author: Richard Werbner

Anthropology after Gluckman places the intimate circle around Max Gluckman, his Manchester School, in the vanguard of modern social anthropology. The book discloses the School’s intense, argument-rich collaborations, developing beyond an original focus in south and central Africa. Where outsiders have seen dominating leadership by Gluckman, a common stock of problems, and much about conflict, Richard Werbner highlights how insiders were drawn to explore many new frontiers in fieldwork and in-depth, reflexive ethnography, because they themselves, in class and gender, ethnicity and national origins, were remarkably inclusive. Characteristically different anthropologists, their careers met the challenges of being a public intellectual, an international celebrity, an institutional good citizen, a social and political activist, an advocate of legal justice. Their living legacies are shown, for the first time, through interlinked social biography and intellectual history to reach broadly across politics, law, ritual, semiotics, development studies, comparative urbanism, social network analysis and mathematical sociology. Innovation – in research methods and techniques, in documenting people’s changing praxis and social relations, in comparative analysis and a destabilizing strategy of re-analysis within ethnography – became the School’s hallmark. Much of this exploration confronted troubling times in Africa, colonial and postcolonial, which put the anthropologists and their anthropological knowledge at risk. The resurgence of debate about decolonization makes the accounts of fierce, End of Empire argument and recent postcolonial anthropology all the more topical. The lessons, even in activism, for social scientists, teachers as well as graduate and undergraduate students are compelling for our own troubled times.

Transgender patients in early Swedish medical research
Julian Honkasalo

source material in their attempts to understand and create diagnostics and treatment methods for ‘transvestism’ and ‘transsexuality’. The life stories obtained from letters thus became part of data, case files, knowledge and intellectual property of the medical ‘experts’. In addition to Hirschfeld’s research, some early collected letters include those collected by Bernard S. Talmey in 1913 (Schaefer and Wheeler, 1995 ; Stryker, 2017 ; Talmey, 1914 ). Also Nordic trans persons established letter clubs. The most known of these are transvestite and trans clubs that

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Richard Werbner

the organization of rituals at physical puberty according to the existence of age-sets. In 38 Anthropology after Gluckman a part, published in 1935 before the dissertation, on Zulu women in hoecultural ritual, it examined comparative issues of gender (Gluckman 1935) and took account of Gregory Bateson’s early work on Sepik transvestism in Melanesia (Bateson 1935). Governance and variables linked to authority in ritual were surveyed across a culture area: ‘The Bantu chief is not usually – Tshaka’s excess being a mere aberration – a despot. The information we have

in Anthropology after Gluckman