In the early years of the twentieth century, Professor Karl Lamprecht was a
powerful and controversial figure in German academia, offering a universal
interpretation of history that drew on an eclectic mix of politics, economics,
anthropology and psychology. This article explores Mark Hovell’s
experiences of working with Lamprecht at the Institut für Kultur- und
Universalgeschichte [Institute for Cultural and Universal History] in Leipzig
between 1912 and 1913, while also situating Hovell’s criticisms of the
Lamprechtian method within wider contemporary assessments of Lamprecht’s
This article provides the first detailed account of Mark Hovell’s
The Chartist Movement, focusing on the overall achievement of
the work as published in 1918, contemporary reactions to the circumstances of
its production, and the ways in which Hovell’s research cemented
twentieth-century dominant narratives around the rise and fall of Chartism. The
article also offers a counterfactual evaluation of Hovell’s manuscript,
focusing on the probable direction of his vision of Chartism, and suggesting how
the work completed by Hovell (had he lived) might have looked compared with the
version eventually produced by Tout.
Sir Lewis Namier (1888–1960) was not only a major twentieth-century historian, a pioneer of ‘scientific history’ who gave his name to a particular form of history-writing, but an important public intellectual. He played a significant role in public affairs, as an influential adviser to the British Foreign Office during the First World War and later as an active Zionist. This article offers a new perspective on his life and work by providing, for the first time, as comprehensive a bibliography as is currently possible of his voluminous writings: books, scholarly articles and contributions to periodicals and newspapers, including many hitherto unknown, and some published anonymously. The annotation includes not only bibliographical information but explanations and brief summaries of the content. The introduction gives an account of Namier’s life and an assessment of his significance as a historian and thinker.
Methodist Central Halls were built in most British towns and cities. They were
designed not to look like churches in order to appeal to the working classes.
Entirely multi-functional, they provided room for concerts, plays, film shows
and social work alongside ordinary worship. Some contained shops in order to pay
for the future upkeep of the building. The prototype for this programme was
provided in Manchester and opened on Oldham Street in 1886. This article offers
a first analysis of it as a building type and looks at the wider social and
cultural contribution of the building. It continues the narrative by discussing
changing use and design during a twentieth century that witnessed the widespread
contraction of Methodist congregations.