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Theories, concepts and new perspectives

Bringing together leading authorities on Irish women and migration, this book offers a significant reassessment of the place of women in the Irish diaspora. It demonstrates the important role played by women in the construction of Irish diasporic identities, comparing Irish women's experience in Britain, Canada , New Zealand and the United States. The book considers how the Catholic Church could be a focal point for women's Irish identity in Britain. It examines how members of the Ladies' Orange Benevolent Association (LOBA) maintained a sense of Irish Protestant identity, focused on their associational life in female Orange lodges. The book offers a lens on Irish society, and on countries where they settled, and considerable scope for comparative analysis of the impact of different cultures and societies on women's lives. It reviews key debates in Transnational Studies (TS) and Diaspora Studies (DS) before discussing the particular contribution of DS in framing 1990s study of migrant and non-migrant Irish women. Feminist and queer theory scholarship in Irish DS has begun to address the gender and sexual politics of diaspora by attending to the dynamics of boundary expansion, queering and dissolution. The book suggests that religion can be both a 'bright' and a 'blurry' boundary, while examining how religious identities intersect with ethnicity and gender. It also includes the significance of the categories of gender and generation, and their intersection with ethnicity in the context of the official London St Patrick's Day Festival.

Why they matter

seen as an attempt to M&H 01_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:13 Page 18 18 Women and Irish diaspora identities provide a more positive alternative version. Maguire set out to examine how the Irish emigrants were faring in America, given the conflicting reports that were reaching Ireland; whether Irish-Catholic emigrants were abandoning religious practice, and how the Irish in America regarded the British government. Like many of his successors, he was concerned about the moral and physical dangers associated with city life, especially for young women, and with the

in Women and Irish diaspora identities
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preserve the health, morals, respectability and religion of Protestant orphans, the rising Protestant generation. This study examines the pioneering work and social service legacy of the DPOS, one of the most significant Protestant charities in nineteenthcentury Ireland, against the background of over a century of political, religious and social upheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, social reforms to Independence. While the Society’s work pertains to the broader discourse on religious rivalry which merits attention, this study is intended primarily as an

in The Protestant Orphan Society and its social significance in Ireland, 1828–1940

The Protestant Orphan Society became a social bridge that linked together throughout the Church of Ireland the humble poor and the wealthy and the great. This book examines the work of the Protestant Orphan Society in Dublin (DPOS) against the background of over a century of political, religious and social upheaval from Catholic emancipation, the Great Famine, social reforms to Independence. It first identifies the founders and supporters of the DPOS and their motivation for doing so. It asks why the Church of Ireland invested in the children of the church at this time. The book then analyses the Society's development, the grounds for support of private versus public poor relief for Protestant widows and children and stresses the crucial role that women played in the Societies' work. It examines the child welfare system implemented by the DPOS, and the extent to which its policies were forward thinking and child and family centred. The opposing views of the extensive social service carried out by PO Societies and the meaning of the charity for the Church of Ireland laity, particularly women, are explored. The book further examines applicant profiles, widows' reduced circumstances and health, attitudes to children's health, and bereavement and the attendant emotional effects. Using individual case histories the chapter examines applicant case histories which include Sean O'Casey's sister.

M&H 04_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:15 Page 72 4 Irish-Catholic women and modernity in 1930s Liverpool Charlotte Wildman World War One ‘marked the beginning of a Catholic revival’ in Britain and America suggests Patrick Allitt, reflected by ‘a period of bolder social policy, accelerated institutional growth, and a new concern with intellectual life’.1 The confidence of the Catholic Church was particularly striking because of the notable number of high-profile religious conversions made by public intellectuals in the two decades after 1918: Evelyn Waugh, Graham

in Women and Irish diaspora identities
Irish migrants negotiating religious identity in Britain

can be experienced as bright or blurry, stable or shifting in different sites. As Catholics the women could be both insiders (within a universal Catholicism) and outsiders (in a Protestant and/or secularised Britain). As Irish people they occupied a complex and indeed contradictory position both as white, European insiders but also as former colonial outsiders.3 M&H 03_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:15 Page 56 56 Women and Irish diaspora identities This chapter suggests the complex and dynamic relationship between national, religious, ethnic and gender boundaries. In so

in Women and Irish diaspora identities
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Being Irish in nineteenth-century Scotland and Canada

M&H 08_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:20 Page 152 8 Border crossings: being Irish in nineteenth-century Scotland and Canada 1 S. Karly Kehoe This chapter’s role in a book about Irish women in the diaspora is twofold: to consider how those who entered religious communities functioned as migrants with distinct identities and to examine the extent to which their Irishness influenced the development of Catholic culture in different locations. In doing so, it presents a more nuanced understanding of the global diaspora by highlighting the extent to which national

in Women and Irish diaspora identities

’s distinctive religious history – Penal Laws followed by Catholic emancipation and a devotional revolution – looked much like post-­ Reformation Europe in reverse. Catholic churches were mostly newer FANNING 9781784993221 PRINT.indd 44 19/01/2016 13:25 A Catholic vision of Ireland 45 than Protestant ones and Catholic schools had been integral to the nation-building project that would lead to Irish independence. The Protestant Church of Ireland was disestablished in 1871 and had lost much of its political influence. By the time of independence the Catholic Church was on

in Irish adventures in nation-building

survival of Catholicism in post-Reformation Ireland as a historical miracle. Ireland’s distinctive religious history – penal laws followed by Catholic Emancipation and a devotional revolution – looked much like post-Reformation Europe in reverse. Catholic churches were mostly newer than Protestant ones and Catholic schools had been integral to the nation-building project that would lead to Irish Independence. The Protestant Church of Ireland was disestablished in 1871 and had lost 4147 Inglis–Are the Irish different_BB_Layout 1 29/07/2014 09:26 Page 45 A Catholic

in Are the Irish different?
Irish republican media activism since the Good Friday Agreement

Newspapers, magazines and pamphlets have always been central, almost sacred, forms of communication within Irish republican political culture. While social media is becoming the primary ideological battleground in many democracies, Irish republicanism steadfastly expresses itself in the traditional forms of activist journalism.

Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters is a long-term analysis of the development of Irish republican activist media since 1998 and the tumultuous years following the end of the Troubles. It is the first in-depth analysis of the newspapers, magazines and online spaces in which the differing strands of Irish republicanism developed and were articulated during a period where schism and dissent defined a return to violence.

Based on an analysis of Irish republican media outlets as well as interviews with the key activists that produced them, this book provides a compelling long-term snapshot of a political ideology in transition. It reveals how Irish Republicanism was moulded by the twin forces of the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the violent internal ideological schism that threatened a return to the ‘bad old days’ of the Troubles.

This book is vital for those studying Irish politics and those interestedin activism as it provides new insights into the role that modern activist media forms have played in the ideological development of a 200-year-old political tradition.